- Superior, Wisconsin
image_caption = Downtown Superior, Duluth is on the horizon.
pushpin_map_caption =Located on the shores of Lake Superior in Douglas County, Wisconsin.
subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_name = United States
subdivision_type1 = State
subdivision_name1 = Wisconsin
subdivision_type2 = County
subdivision_name2 = Douglas
government_footnotes = [ [http://www.ci.superior.wi.us/index.asp?nid=171 Superior, WI - Official Website - Mayor ] ]
leader_name = Dave Ross
established_title = Incorporated
September 6, 1854
timezone = CST
utc_offset = -6
timezone_DST = CDT
utc_offset_DST = -5
latd=46 |latm=42 |lats=24.77 |latNS=N
longd=92 |longm=5 |longs=6.92 |longEW=W
website = [http://www.ci.superior.wi.us/ http://www.ci.superior.wi.us/]
The city of Superior sits at the junction of U.S. Highway 2 and U.S. Highway 53, and is the
county seatof Douglas County, Wisconsin, USA. As of the 2000 census, it had a population of 27,368. The city is located just north of and adjacent to both the Village of Superior and the Town of Superior. Incorporated as a city on September 6, 1854, [ [http://www.ci.superior.wi.us/index.asp?NID=57 Superior, WI - Official Website - History of Superior ] ] Superior is located at the western end of Lake Superiorin northwestern Wisconsin. Bordered by St. Louis Bay, Superior Bay and Allouez Bay, it is also framed by two rivers: the Nemadji and the St. Louis. Superior, and the neighboring city across the bay, Duluth, Minnesota, form a single metropolitan area called the Twin Portsand share a harbor that is one of the most important ports on the Great Lakes. Both cities have museum ships (SS "William A Irvin" in Duluth and SS "Meteor" in Superior) devoted to the local nautical heritage.
The early history of Superior and Douglas County is a story of the Native American. The first-known inhabitants of what is now Douglas County were Mound Builders. These people appeared on the shores of
Lake Superiorsometime after the latest glacier receded. They mined copper in the Minong Range and at Manitou Falls on the Black River. They pounded this metal into weapons, implements, and ornaments, which were later found buried in mounds with their dead. Their civilization was eventually overrun by other tribes, mainly of Muskhogeanand Iroquoisstock, and disappeared as a distinct culture in late prehistoric American times.
The first-known Europeans to visit the area were the French. In 1618, Stephen Brule, a voyager for
Champlain, coasted along the south shore of Lake Superiorwhere he met the Ojibwa. Upon returning to Quebec, he carried back some copper specimens and a glowing account of the region. In 1632, Champlain’s map appeared showing “Lac Superior de Tracy” as Lake Superiorand the lower end shore as “Fond du Lac”. Soon after, fur trading companies established settlements, while missionaries came bringing with them the first touches of European civilization.
For more than a century, the
Hudson's Bay Company, followed by the Northwestern Fur Company in 1787 and later, the John Jacob AstorFur Company, maintained trading posts with the Native Americans. With the coming of settlement, however, the voyager and fur trader faded into the misty twilight of a romantic and historic past.
Douglas County lies on one of the major water highways used by early travelers and voyagers of inland America. This water trail, the Bois Brule-St. Croix River Portage Trail, was the most convenient connecting link between
Lake Superiorand the Mississippi River. The Bois Brule and St. Croix River systems were only separated by a short portage over the Continental Dividenear Solon Springs, Wisconsin. The northward traveler used this water trail to take him to Lake Superior, while the downstream traveler could use it to go southwest to the Gulf of Mexico, unhindered by portages, by using the St. Croix and MississippiRivers. This waterway was also an important route in the Wisconsin fur trade, particularly when the French War with the Fox Indians closed the more southern routes. Spurred by the prospect of lucrative shipping and iron ore industry, businessmen from Chicago and St. Paul laid claim to the site which became the city of Superior, and plans began for the plotting of a great city.
The first log cabin in Superior was erected in September 1853 on the banks of the Nemadji River, paralleling the breaking of ground for the locks and ship canal at Sault Ste. Marie,
Michigan. This brought the dawning of a new age for the infant city, Superior. Immediately there was eagerness for a railroad from Lake Superiorto the PacificCoast. This was later realized with construction of the Northern Pacific, and the dream of a rail and water highway from coast to coast was born. In 1889, the booming settlement at the Head of the Lakes would soon be named the county seat for Wisconsin’s 4th largest county. Between 1890 and 1920, the city was heavily settled by new arrivals from the eastern United States as well as Immigrants from over 15 different countries, including England, Scotland, Ireland, Norway, Sweden, Finland, Belgium, Germany, Austria, Hungary, and Croatia. Named for Senator Stephen A. Douglasof Illinois, famed opponent of Abraham Lincoln, Douglas County became the site where its largest city and county seat, Superior, would be located, and money was pumped into the city’s shipping and railway industries. [http://www.superiorchamber.org/ Superior-Douglas County Chamber of Commerce ] ]
University of Wisconsin-Superior(UW-S) is a public liberal arts college and offers a range of undergraduate and graduate programs that combine a liberal arts education with professional training. Originally opened as a state Normal School (teacher's college), UW-S was formally combined into the University of Wisconsin Systemin 1971. [http://www.uwsuper.edu/aboutuwsuperior/history/ ]
UWS Yellowjacket athletic teams compete in one of the country’s NCAA Division III conferences. Teams travel to games and tournaments throughout Wisconsin and the upper Midwest. Athletic facilities include the new state-of-the-art Health & Wellness Center, with gymnasium, field house with indoor track, fitness center, weight room, swimming pool and training room. The campus also offers Wessman Arena for hockey, an outdoor track, baseball field and soccer field.
Wisconsin Indianhead Technical College(WITC) offers a combination of skill development and technical education. Over 2,200 students enroll each year at the school and there are 40 full-time faculty employed. WITC has labs with up-to-date technologies for a hands-on-experience technical education. There are more than 50 programs and certificates available. WITC also provides workforce training, technical assistance and customized training.
Superior School Districthas one high school, one middle school, and six elementary schools with a total enrollment of over 5,000 students. Superior Senior High School currently enrolls more than 1,500 students; the mascot is the Spartan. Over 1,400 students are enrolled in the Maple School District’s high school, middle school and two elementary schools. St. Croix has over 360 students one high school and one elementary school. A variety of schools aimed at faith-focused education are available in Superior ~ Douglas County as well, including Catholic education at Cathedral School, the Protestant-based Maranatha Academy and Twin Ports Baptist School. [ [http://www.superiorchamber.org/visitor/index.asp Visitor Information ] ]
Superior is the
episcopal seeof the Roman Catholic Diocese of Superior. The Cathedral of Christ the King in Superioris the mother church of the diocese.
According to the
United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 55.4 square miles (143.6 km²), of which, 36.9 square miles (95.7 km²) of it is land and 18.5 square miles (47.9 km²) of it (33.36%) is water.coord|46.713385|-92.087746|display=inline [http://wikimapia.org/#y=46713385&x=-92087746&z=13&l=0&m=a&v=2link wikimapia link] )
There are several parks in the city, including the second largest municipal forest in the United States.
Pattison State Parkis a short distance south of the city, and contains Big Manitou Falls, the highest waterfallin the state at 165 feet.
As of the
censusGR|2 of 2000, there were 27,368 people, 11,609 households, and 6,698 families residing in the city. The population densitywas 740.9 people per square mile (286.1/km²). There were 12,196 housing units at an average density of 330.2/sq mi (127.5/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 94.26% White, 0.68% Black or African American, 2.23% Native American, 0.84% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 0.26% from other races, and 1.69% from two or more races. 0.83% of the population were Hispanicor Latinoof any race. 15.8% were of German, 13.6% Norwegian, 10.9% Swedish, 9.3% Irish, 7.2% Polish, 6.9% Finnish and 5.3% American ancestry according to Census 2000.
There were 11,609 households out of which 27.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 41.3% were married couples living together, 12.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 42.3% were non-families. 34.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.26 and the average family size was 2.91.
In the city the population was spread out with 22.7% under the age of 18, 12.9% from 18 to 24, 27.9% from 25 to 44, 21.6% from 45 to 64, and 15.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 92.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.8 males.
Superior has a population of 27,368 and is the largest municipality in Douglas County, which has a total population of 43,708. It is situated in a metropolitan area that includes the 86,918 residents of
Duluth, Minnesota, just across the St. Louis Bay. The transportation industry is robust and accounts for more than 1,000 jobs. The Duluth-Superior port is the largest in the Great Lakesand welcomes both domestic and foreign vessels. In 2004, the port’s busiest year since 1979, more than 41.4 million metric tons were shipped out of the port. Shipments are on the increase, railroads are busy, and trucking firms are hiring, exploring new markets and investing in warehousing in Douglas County. [ [http://www.superiorchamber.org Superior-Douglas County Chamber of Commerce ] ] Growing area manufacturers include [http://www.fentechinc.com FenTech, Inc.] , a company dealing with vinyl manipulation and fenestration, Charter Films, a producer of plastic films, Genesis Attachments, manufacturer of shears and grapples, and Amsoil, a producer of synthetic motor oil and lubricants. Crane Song LTD, a producer, manufacturer of "Discrete Class A" electronics, for recording studios, touring Sound Reinforcement Companies (PA companies).
Employment Facts (2002) in numbers of employees:
Construction/Mining, 1,130; Manufacturing, 1,190; Transportation/Public Utilities, 2,750; Wholesale Trade, 1,210; Retail Trade, 4,020; Finance, Insurance, Real Estate, 500; Service, 5,350; Government, 3,440;
Bud Grant, head coach of the Minnesota Vikingsfrom 1967–1983; 1985
Kris Benson, MLB Player
Movies Filmed in Superior and/or area
Iron Will (dogsled movie)Release Date: 14 January 1994 (USA): filmed in and around Superior, Duluth and the North Shore of Lake Superior. Directed by Charles Haid. Starring: Mackenzie Astin, Kevin Spacey, David Ogden Stiers
* [http://www.ci.superior.wi.us/ City of Superior - Official Website - Link]
* [http://www.superior.k12.wi.us/ School District of Superior website]
* [http://www.douglascountywi.org/ Douglas County website]
* [http://www.superiorchamber.org/ Superior-Douglas County Chamber of Commerce website]
* [http://www.superiortelegram.com/ "The Daily Telegram" - Superior newspaper website]
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Look at other dictionaries:
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