- Maulana Azad College
Maulana Azad College Established 1926: Islamia College
1947: Central Calcutta College
1960: Maulana Azad College
Type Government of West Bengal administered undergraduate co-educational liberal arts and sciences college Location Kolkata, West Bengal, India Campus Urban Affiliations University of Calcutta Website http://www.maulanaazadcollege.in/
Maulana Azad College is located in central Calcutta, West Bengal, India. It is located near the junction of Rafi Ahmed Kidwai Road and SN Banerjee Road, popularly called "Lotus crossing". It is a Government college and affiliated to the University of Calcutta. The College offers both post-graduate and under-graduate courses in a number of subjects in the three streams of Arts , Science and Commerce. However , the Arts stream is the largest in terms of number of students in both the Honours and General courses. Both male and female students study in the college.
Maulana Azad College was founded on 9 December 1926 by Victor Bulwer-Lytton, 2nd Earl of Lytton, then Governor of Bengal. It was originally called Islamia College. The institution was the culmination of efforts of notable Muslim leaders like A. K. Fazlul Huq, Syed Nawad Ali Choudhury and Sir Abdul Rahim. The College campus was founded on land donated by Haji Mohammad Mohsin Qidwai , a prominent Muslim personality and landowner of Calcutta. The objective was the educational uplift of the Muslims of Calcutta and Bengal in general. Even today a good majority of the students of this College are Muslims of Calcutta, mostly Urdu-speaking Muslims , with a significant Bengali Muslim population also. However , admission to the College is open to all communities , and ever since Independence , a significant proportion of the students are from the Bengali Hindu community.
After the independence of India on 15 August 1947, the West Bengal government appropriated the College and decided to rename the college Central Calcutta College. Later in 1960 by an executive order of then Chief Minister of West Bengal, Dr. Bidhan Chandra Roy, the college was renamed Maulana Azad College in memory of veteran Congress leader and freedom fighter Maulana Abul Kalam Azad.
West Bengal is known especially for its student politics, and is one of the few states where College Students' Union elections are regularly held. Elections to the Students' Union are held in February of every year. Politics has never been far from the College, though in general politics in Maualana Azad is not so fierce as in other Colleges in West Bengal. The main reason is that most of the students came from apolitical, neutral background. However, a significant proportion of politically active students always existed. From the 1920s onwards, the College was fiercely fought between the Muslim Students' Federation and the Chatra Parishad. From the 1950s till mid-1966 the Students' Union was controlled by the Indian National Congress affiliated bodies like Chatra parishad. However from 1966 onwards the Union fell into the hands of the Students' Federation of India (SFI), which was the student arm of the Communist Party of India (Marxist) under the promising student leader, Biman Bose. The main reason was the 1964 anti-Muslim riots in Calcutta in 1964 , when CPI(M) cadres actively helped Muslims and protected them. Biman Bose, a prominent SFI leader of this College, was then at the forefront of the movement for protection of minorities in Calcutta, as a result, next year he was elected as the General Secretary of the Students' Union, the first Non-Muslim to do so. From then on, till the year 2009, the Union was continuously in the firm control of the SFI.
In fact, since the 1980s, almost no competition existed and no other Party candidates used to file their nomination papers. The reason was the absolute terror tactics of the SFI and that Muslims constituted the most solid vote bank of the Communists. However, in the long run, this proved to be harmful for the Muslim students, both socially, politically, economically, and religiously. The educational standards of the College deteriorated and plunged to an all-time low. This was because the culture of patronage, laziness, ignorance, vagabondism was actively encouraged by the SFI. Thus these proved to be the real enemies of the Muslim students. Plus already the political situation in West Bengal had changed and there was widespread public anger against the ruling CPI(M), resulting in the opposition parties make a landslide victory in the 2009 General Elections to the Lok Sabha. Also, of late the ruling party had a lot of Human Rights Violations to its name, and in most cases Muslims were at the receiving end. Since 70 % of the students of the College are from the middle class and lower-middle class Muslim background, they are never insulated from such facts. To add on to this, the daily Akhbar-e-Mashriq, the leading Urdu newspaper in Kolkata, was openly opposing the ruling party. Plus, a new religious consciousness about Islam had developed among the Muslim students and the fact that SFI was always encouraging anti-Islamic, Un-Islamic activities was never lost on them. So, in the 2009 Student Elections, all the SFI members and candidates decided to withdraw from the Party, change the affiliation, and created a new party, the Independent Students' Federation (ISF). This has been in power since June last year, and has been doing a lot of better activities, like improving the general atmosphere in the college, introducing an atmosphere of academic excellence, struggling for the status of the Urdu language in West Bengal, popularising the use of Urdu within the College premises through posters, etc., struggling to bring Post-Graduate status to the Department of Urdu, and lastly, having a more positive attitude towards Islam, though the Party is completely dedicated to Secular principles and does not support any religion keeping in mind that it is a Government College. What "positive" means is that it does not look upon the practice of Islam as being "backward" or "reactionary".
In 2010 College elections the undisputed winner was the ISF. It had won the election with flying colours and SFI completely lost the ground at Maulana Azad. However, 2 new Parties - the Trinamool Congress Chatra Parishad (TMCP) and the Students' Islamic Organization of India (SIO) had also contested the elections. All these groups contested independently.
The elections in 2011 saw the TMCP winning by a considerable margin, and resultantly forming the union. Things are peaceful at present, with no presence of a strong opposition in the political scene.
- Sheikh Mujibur Rahman - Founding President of Bangladesh
- Mohammad Salim - Former Lok Sabha MP of Communist Party of India (Marxist) (CPI(M))
- Biman Bose - Senior leader of CPI(M)
- Sultan Ahmed - Sitting Lok Sabha MP from Uluberia and senior Trinamool Congress leader.
- Khaleque Nawaz Khan- Elected premier of Baker Hostel union cabinet in 1944. Former member of parliament who defeated incumbent prime minister of the then East Pakistan Mr. Nurul Amin in 1954 Jukto front elaction. Mr. Khan was only 27 at that time. In that election Muslim league was effectively eliminated from political landscape of East Bengal. Mr. khaleque Nawaz Khan is the founder General Secretary of The then East Pakistan Chatra League which played heroic role during language movement in 1948 and 1952 and all progressive movements for the interest of the people of Bengal. He was arrested three times for the language movement.
Under-graduate courses are offered in almost every subject of Arts, Science and Commerce. Urdu, Arabic and Persian are taught. Post-graduate courses are offered in Physics , Chemistry , Zoology , Botany , Microbiology , English and Urdu. Economics is one of the most dynamic and sought after departments of the college and is ranked among the best in the state.
University of Calcutta
Vice Chancellor: Professor Suranjan Das
Affiliated or associated institutes for advanced research
Bose Institute · Bengal Music College · Calcutta Metropolitan Institute of Gerontology · Carey Institute of Horticulture · Centre for Studies in Social Sciences, Calcutta · Government College of Art & Craft, Kolkata · Indian Association for the Cultivation of Science · Indian Centre for Space Physics · Indian Institute of Astrophysics · Indian Institute of Social Welfare and Business Management · Institute of Development Studies, Kolkata · Maulana Abul Kalam Azad Institute of Asian Studies, Kolkata · Rajendra Memorial Research Institute of Medical Sciences · Saha Institute of Nuclear Physics · S.N. Bose National Centre for Basic Sciences
Faculties of the university
Faculty of Agriculture · Faculty of Arts · Faculty of Commerce, Social Welfare & Business Management · Faculty of Education, Journalism and Library Science · Faculty of Engineering & Technology · Faculty of Fine Arts, Music and Home Science · Faculty of Law · Faculty of Science
Centres of the university
A. K. Choudhury School of Information Technology · Women's Studies Research Centre · Dr. B.C. Guha Centre for Genetic Engineering & Biotechnology · Gandhian Studies Centre · Centre for Urban Economic Studies · S. K. Mitra Centre for Space Environment · Peace Studies Research Centre · Centre for Testing and Training for Providing Technical Back up to the Beneficiaries for Agricultural and Horticultural Development · University Science Instrumentation Centre · Centre for Horticultural Studies · Centre for Millimeter Wave Semiconductor Devices & Systems · Centre for Pakistan and West Asian Studies · Centre for Research in Nanoscience and Nanotechnology · Centre for Social Sciences and Humanities · Centre for South and Southeast Asian Studies · Centre for Studies in Book Publishing · Centre for the Study of China and her Neighbourhood · Nehru Studies Centre
Colleges or institutes offering autonomous postgraduate courses
Bose Institute · Fakir Chand College · Goenka College of Commerce and Business Administration · Lady Brabourne College · Maulana Azad College · Netaji Nagar Day College · Ramakrishna Mission Residential College · Ramakrishna Mission Vidyamandira · Rammohan College · Sanskrit College · Scottish Church College, Calcutta · St. Xavier's College, Calcutta · Vidyasagar College · Vijaygarh Jyotish Ray College
Colleges classified as Centers with Potential for Excellence by the University Grants Commission
Bijoy Krishna Girls’ College · Bethune College · Lady Brabourne College · Loreto College, Kolkata · Maulana Azad College · Ramakrishna Mission Vidyamandira · Scottish Church College, Calcutta · St. Xavier's College, Calcutta
Colleges that earned grade A and above by the National Assessment and Accreditation Council
Bethune College · Government College of Art & Craft, Kolkata · Lady Brabourne College · Loreto College, Kolkata · Ramakrishna Mission Residential College · Ramakrishna Mission Siksha Mandir · Ramakrishna Mission Vidyamandira · Scottish Church College, Calcutta · Serampore College · Shri Shikshayatan College · St. Xavier's College, Calcutta
B.Ed degree granting colleges
Acharya Jagadish Chandra Bose College · Bijoy Krishna Girls’ College · Calcutta Girls’ B.T. College · David Hare Training College · Department of Education, University of Calcutta · Fakir Chand College · Institute of Education for Women · Loreto College, Kolkata · Ramakrishna Mission Siksha Mandir · Ramakrishna Mission Training Institute for the teachers of the Visually Handicapped · Sarisa B.Ed College · Scottish Church College, Calcutta · Shri Shikshayatan College · St. Xavier's College, Calcutta · State Institute of Physical Education for Women · Uluberia College
Self-financed B.Ed degree granting colleges
Gangadharpur Sikshan Mandir · Jagadish Chandra Bose Sikshak Sikshan · Raidighi B.Ed College · Sammilani Teachers’ Training College · Surendralal Das Teachers’ Training College
Jogesh Chandra Chaudhuri Law College · South Calcutta Law College · Surendranath Law College · University Law College, Calcutta
Self-financed law colleges
Bikash Bharati Law College · Jyotirmoy School of Law · Rabindra Siksha Sammilani
State government administered undergraduate colleges
Bethune College · Lady Brabourne College · Maulana Azad College
Self-financed undergraduate colleges
Sree Agrasain College · Taradevi Harakhchand Kankaria Jain College
List of undergraduate liberal arts and sciences colleges
Acharya Girish Chandra Bose College · Acharya Jagadish Chandra Bose College · Anandamohan College · Asutosh College · Azad Hind Fouz Smriti Mahavidyalaya · Bagnan College · Bangabasi College · Bangabasi Morning College · Bangabasi Evening College · Baruipur College · Basanti Devi College · Behala College · Bethune College · Bhawanipur Education Society College · Bidhan Chandra College · Bijoy Krishna Girls’ College · Budge Budge College · Calcutta Girls College · Charuchandra College · Chittaranjan College · City College · City College of Commerce and Business Administration · Deshbandhu College for Girls · Dinabandhu Andrews College, Garia · Dinabandhu Institution, Shibpur · Dr.Kanailal Bhattacharya College · Fakir Chand College · Gangadharpur Mahavidyamandir · Goenka College of Commerce and Business Administration · Gokhale Memorial Girls' College · Gourmohan Sachin Mondal Mahavidyalaya · Gurudas College · Harimohan Ghosh College · Heramba Chandra College · Jaypur Panchanan Roy College · Jogamaya Devi College · Jogesh Chandra Chaudhuri College · Khudiram Bose Central College · Kidderpore College · Kishore Bharati Bhagini Nivedita (Co-ed) College · K. K. Das College · Kultali Dr. B .R. Ambedkar College · Lady Brabourne College · Lalbaba College · Loreto College, Kolkata · Magrahat College · Maharaja Manindra Chandra College · Maharaja Sris Chandra College · Maharani Kasiswari College · Maheshtala College · Maulana Azad College · Milli Al-Ameen College for Girls · Muralidhar Girls' College · Naba Ballygunge Mahavidyalaya · Nabagram Hiralal Paul College · Narasinha Dutt College · Netaji Nagar College (Evening) · Netaji Nagar Day College · Netaji Nagar College for Women · New Alipore College · Patharpratima Mahavidyalaya · Prabhu Jagatbandhu College · Prafulla Chandra College · · Puras-Kanpur Haridas Nandi Mahavidyalaya · Rabin Mukherjee College · Raidighi College · Raja Peary Mohan College · Ramakrishna Mission Residential College · Ramakrishna Mission Vidyamandira · Rammohan College · Rani Birla Girls' College · Ramsaday College · Sagar Mahavidyalaya · Saheed Anurup Chandra Mahavidyalaya · Sammilani Mahavidyalaya · Sanskrit College · Sarsuna College · Savitri Girls' College, Calcutta · Scottish Church College, Calcutta · Serampore Girls’ College · Serampore College · Seth Anandaram Jaipuria College · Seth Soorajmull Jalan Girls' College · Shri Shikshayatan College · Sir Gurudas Mahavidyalaya · Sivnath Sastri College · Sonarpur Mahavidyalaya · South Calcutta Girls College · Sovarani Memorial College · Sree Agrasain College · St.Paul's Cathedral Missions College · St. Xavier's College, Calcutta · Sundarban Hazi Desarat College · Sundarban Mahavidyalaya · Sushil Kar College · Surendranath College · Surendranath College for Women · Surendranath Evening College · Swami Niswambalananda Girls’ College · Syamaprasad College · Syampur Siddheswari Mahavidyalaya · Taradevi Harakhchand Kankaria Jain College · Udaynarayanpur Madhabilata Mahavidyalaya · Uluberia College · Umesh Chandra College · Victoria Institution (College) · Vidyanagar College · Vidyasagar College · Vidyasagar College for Women · Vidyasagar Evening College · Vidyasagar Mahavidyalaya · Viharilal College for Home and Social Science · Vijaygarh Jyotish Ray College · Vivekananda College, Thakurpukur · Vivekananda College for Women · Women's College · Women's Christian College, Calcutta
AFRL,Massachusetts · American Institute of Indian Studies · University of Bologna · Boston University · University of Brussels · Cacao Fabrik Dezan · CERN · Chinese University of Hong Kong · Chungbuk National University · Clausthal University of Technology · University of Cologne · University of Connecticut Health Center · Creighton University · ETH Zurich · Fiji National University · Ford Foundation · German Cancer Research Center · University of Glasgow · University of Haifa · Harvard University · University of Haute Alsace Mulhouse · HEI · Humboldt Foundation · Humboldt University of Berlin · International Rice Research Institute, Manila · Max Planck Institute · Monash University · University of Naples · National University of Singapore · NIH · The New School · Oxford Brookes University · Palm Oil Research Institute, Malaysia · University of Rome · Rutherford Appleton Laboratory · University of Sheffield · University of Tokyo · University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston · University of Turin · University of Venice · Yunnan University
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