Shooting


Shooting

Shooting is the act or process of firing rifles, shotguns or other projectile weapons such as bows or crossbows. Even the firing of artillery, rockets and missiles can be called shooting. A person who specializes in shooting is a marksman. Shooting can take place in a shooting range or in the field in hunting, in shooting sports or in combat.

Technique and safety considerations

Shooting technique differs depending on factors like the type of weapon used (from a handgun to a sniper rifle), the distance to and nature of the target, the required precision and the available time. The prone position, the kneeling position and the standing position offer different amounts of support for the shooter.

The utmost consideration, "and one which takes precedence over everything else", is gun safety. Like many activities such as mountain climbing, skiing, or sky-diving, there is an element of danger involved. And especially here, this danger demands a sober understanding and respect for firearms and the specific rules for the safe handling of them. This is compounded by the fact that the danger can easily extend beyond the participants – a stray bullet can injure or kill people other than those actually firing or handling the arms involved.

Practical uses

Shooting is used for hunting upland game birds such as grouse or pheasant, rabbits, deer hunting or culling, deer stalking or other wild game animals. Sometimes "shooting" refers to the hunting activity itself.

Shooting obviously also has uses in warfare such as sniping and close quarters battle, self-defense, crime, gun violence and law enforcement. Duels were sometimes held using guns. Shooting without an actual target has applications such as celebratory gunfire, 21-gun salute or firing starting pistols, incapable of releasing actual bullets.

Competitive shooting

Marksmanship has inspired competition, and in several countries rifle clubs started to form in the 19th century. Soon international shooting events evolved, including shooting at the Summer Olympics (from 1896) and World Championships (from 1897). The International Shooting Sport Federation still administers Olympic and non-Olympic rifle, pistol, shotgun and running target shooting competitions, although there is also a large number of national and international shooting sports controlled by unrelated organizations.

ee also

*
*History of Firearms
*Gun politics


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • shooting — [sho͞ot′iŋ] n. the act or an instance of shooting a gun, specif., one that results in wounding or killing * * * ➡ field sports * * * Sport of gun marksmanship. It typically involves firing at targets with rifles, pistols, and shotguns. World… …   Universalium

  • Shooting — Shoot ing, a. Of or pertaining to shooting; for shooting; darting. [1913 Webster] {Shooting board} (Joinery), a fixture used in planing or shooting the edge of a board, by means of which the plane is guided and the board held true. {Shooting box} …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Shooting — Shoot ing, n. 1. The act of one who, or that which, shoots; as, the shooting of an archery club; the shooting of rays of light. [1913 Webster] 2. A wounding or killing with a firearm; specifically (Sporting), the killing of game; as, a week of… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • shooting — [sho͞ot′iŋ] n. the act or an instance of shooting a gun, specif., one that results in wounding or killing …   English World dictionary

  • shooting — n. & adj. n. 1 the act or an instance of shooting. 2 a the right of shooting over an area of land. b an estate etc. rented to shoot over. adj. moving, growing, etc. quickly (a shooting pain in the arm). Phrases and idioms: shooting box Brit. a… …   Useful english dictionary

  • shooting — [[t]ʃu͟ːtɪŋ[/t]] shootings 1) N COUNT A shooting is an occasion when someone is killed or injured by being shot with a gun. Two more bodies were found nearby after the shooting... A drug related gang war led to a series of shootings in the city.… …   English dictionary

  • shooting — shoot|ing [ˈʃu:tıŋ] n 1.) a situation in which someone is injured or killed by a gun ▪ His brother was killed in a shooting incident last year. ▪ the accidental shooting of a child 2.) [U] the sport of shooting animals and birds with guns ▪ the… …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • shooting */ — UK [ˈʃuːtɪŋ] / US [ˈʃutɪŋ] noun Word forms shooting : singular shooting plural shootings 1) [countable/uncountable] an occasion when someone is attacked by a person with a gun Police believe the shootings are gang related. the fatal shooting of… …   English dictionary

  • shooting — {{Roman}}I.{{/Roman}} noun Shooting is used before these nouns: ↑death, ↑incident, ↑jacket, ↑range, ↑schedule, ↑script, ↑spree, ↑touch Shooting is used after these nouns: ↑police {{Roman}}II.{{/Roman}} adj …   Collocations dictionary

  • shooting — shoot|ing [ ʃutıŋ ] noun * 1. ) count or uncount an occasion when someone is attacked by a person with a gun: Police believe the shootings are gang related. the fatal shooting of two teenagers 2. ) uncount any sport or activity in which guns are… …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English


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