- Graceland (album)
Graceland Studio album by Paul Simon Released August 12, 1986 Recorded October 1985-June 1986 Genre Worldbeat, Pop Length 43:18 Label Warner Bros. Producer Paul Simon Paul Simon chronology Hearts & Bones
Negotiations and Love Songs
It was a hit, topping the UK Album Chart, and reaching number three on the US Billboard 200. The album won the 1986 Grammy Award for Album of the Year, while the title song won the 1987 Grammy for Record of the Year. In 2007, the album was added to the United States National Recording Registry, along with another 24 significant recordings that year. It is included in many "best of" and "greatest" album lists including both Rolling Stone's and Time's.
Coming at a time when Simon's musical career was at something of a low ebb following the disappointing public response to Hearts and Bones, the project was originally inspired by Simon's listening to a cassette of the Boyoyo Boys instrumental "Gumboots", lent to him by Heidi Berg, a singer-songwriter with whom Simon was working (and who would later become an award-winning jingle singer and writer). Simon later wrote lyrics to sing over a re-recording of the song, which became the fourth track on the album.
Graceland features an eclectic mixture of musical styles including pop, a cappella, isicathamiya, rock, and mbaqanga. Much of the album was recorded in South Africa, and it features many South African musicians and groups. Simon faced accusations that he had broken the cultural boycott imposed by the rest of the world against the apartheid regime in South Africa, which was in its final years at the time. This view was not supported by the United Nations Anti-Apartheid Committee, as the album showcased the talents of the black South African musicians while offering no support to the South African government. The worldwide success of the album introduced some of the musicians, especially the vocal group Ladysmith Black Mambazo, to global audiences of their own. Simon included American 'roots' influences with tracks featuring Zydeco and Tex-Mex musicians. The Everly Brothers sing harmony on the title track. Linda Ronstadt appears on the track "Under African Skies", the second verse of which Simon wrote based on her childhood experiences.
Songwriting credit dispute with Los Lobos
The group Los Lobos appear on the last track, "All Around the World or The Myth of Fingerprints." According to Los Lobos's saxophone player Steve Berlin, Simon stole the song from Los Lobos, giving them no songwriting credit:
- "It was not a pleasant deal for us. I mean he [Simon] quite literally — and in no way do I exaggerate when I say — he stole the songs from us... We go into the studio, and he had quite literally nothing. I mean, he had no ideas, no concepts, and said, 'Well, let's just jam.' ...Paul goes, 'Hey, what's that?' We start playing what we have of it, and it is exactly what you hear on the record. So we're like, 'Oh, ok. We'll share this song.' ...A few months later, the record comes out and says 'Words and Music by Paul Simon.' We were like, 'What the fuck is this?' We tried calling him, and we can't find him. Weeks go by and our managers can't find him. We finally track him down and ask him about our song, and he goes, 'Sue me. See what happens.'" 
Paul Simon answered:
- "I just said at this stage I don't care whether the album comes out without Los Lobos on it. I was getting really tired of it—I don't want to get into a public slanging match over this, but this thing keeps coming up. So we finished the recordings. And three months passed, and there was no mention of 'joint writing.' The album came out and we heard nothing. Then six months passed and Graceland had become a hit and the first thing I heard about the problem was when my manager got a lawyer's letter. I was shocked. They sent this thing to my manager, not me. If there was a problem, they could have contacted me direct. They've got my home number; we talked a lot. If you ask me, it was a lawyer's idea. You know, 'The record's a hit, and there's $100,000 in it.' They had nine months from the recordings to talk to me about all this, but I heard nothing. And it's still not sorted out, because they still keep bringing it up—I heard they'd done this interview for you. I don't want to get into a public slanging match with them, because I really like their music." [broken citation]
Professional ratings Review scores Source Rating Allmusic  Robert Christgau (A) Rolling Stone (Very favorable)
Graceland was Paul Simon's highest charting album in the U.S. in over a decade, reaching #3 in the national Billboard charts, receiving a certification of 5× Platinum by the RIAA and eventually selling over 14 million copies, making it Simon's most commercially successful album. Critics welcomed its eclectic mix of sounds and broad, quirky subject matter and it regularly shows up in critic polls and "recommended" lists. The album also helped to draw worldwide attention to the music of South Africa.
The album drew accolades from the beginning. Rolling Stone called it "lovely, daring and accomplished" and Robert Christgau enthused it was "so strange, so sweet, so willful, so radically incongruous and plainly beautiful." It was so acclaimed by other critics that he later anticipated that it would top The Village Voice Pazz & Jop critics poll for that year (1986).
In the Graceland Classic Albums video, Simon states that he considers the title track the best song he has ever written. A popular music video starring Simon and Chevy Chase was made for the hit song "You Can Call Me Al". Simon toured the album extensively, featuring many of the artists from the album in addition to exiled South Africans Hugh Masekela and Miriam Makeba. Two concerts in Harare, Zimbabwe, were filmed in 1987 for release as "The African Concert". The audience was a multi-racial mix with many travelling from South Africa.
The success of the album earned Paul Simon the Best International Solo Artist award at The Brit Awards in 1987.
- In 1998, Q magazine readers voted it the 56th greatest album of all time. In 2006, Q magazine placed the album at #39 in its list of "40 Best Albums of the '80s".
- It was also ranked #84 in a 2005 survey held by British television's Channel 4 to determine the 100 greatest albums of all time.
- In 1989, it was rated #5 on Rolling Stone magazine's list of the 100 Best Albums of the Eighties.
- It is #81 on the list of Rolling Stone magazine's 500 Greatest Albums of All Time as "an album about isolation and redemption that transcended "world music" to become the whole world's soundtrack."
- The song "Graceland" was voted #485 in the list of Rolling Stone's 500 Greatest Songs of All Time.
- According to AcclaimedMusic.net, a site which combines hundreds of best-of lists from critics and musicians from around the world, Graceland is ranked at #76 on the greatest albums of all time. It is also ranked #14 for albums released in the 1980s, and it is the second-highest ranking album of 1986, behind The Smiths' The Queen Is Dead).
- In 2002, Pitchfork named it the 85th best album of the 1980s citing it as "a phenomenal musical achievement".
- In 2006, Time named it one of the All-Time 100 Albums.
Side one No. Title Writer(s) Length 1. "The Boy in the Bubble" Forere Motloheloa, Paul Simon 3:59 2. "Graceland" Simon 4:48 3. "I Know What I Know" General MD Shirinda, Simon 3:13 4. "Gumboots" Lulu Masilela, Jonhjon Mkhalali, Simon 2:44 5. "Diamonds on the Soles of Her Shoes" Joseph Shabalala, Simon 5:45 Side two No. Title Writer(s) Length 6. "You Can Call Me Al" Simon 4:39 7. "Under African Skies" Simon 3:37 8. "Homeless" Shabalala, Simon 3:48 9. "Crazy Love, Vol. II" Simon 4:18 10. "That Was Your Mother" Simon 2:52 11. "All Around the World or the Myth of Fingerprints" Simon 3:15
No. Title Writer(s) Length 12. "Homeless" (demo version) Shabalala, Simon 2:28 13. "Diamonds on the Soles of Her Shoes" (alternate version) Shabalala, Simon 4:43 14. "All Around the World or the Myth of Fingerprints" (early version) Simon 3:17
An extended version of "The Boy In The Bubble" was released on vinyl clocking in at 6:13, including a heavier focus on rhythms between the verses. This was digitally released only on a now-out-of-print CD5, although it has been uploaded to YouTube.
- Paul Simon – acoustic guitar (tracks 1 and 11), guitar (tracks 5 and 7), lead vocals, synclavier (track 3 and 4), six-string electric bass (track 6), background vocals (tracks 1, 2, 4, 6, and 9)
- Rob Mounsey – horn arrangement (track 6) (uncredited on album)
- Ray Phiri – guitar (tracks 2, 5, 6, 7, and 9)
- Adrian Belew – guitar synthesizer (tracks 1, 6, and 9), guitar (track 7)
- Demola Adepoju – pedal steel guitar (track 2)
- Daniel Xilakazi – lead and rhythm guitar (track 4)
- Sherman Robertson – guitar (track 10)
- Cesar Rosas – guitar and backing vocals (track 11)
- David Hidalgo – guitar, accordion, and backing vocals (track 11)
- Conrad Lozano – bass (track 11)
- Alonzo Johnson – bass (track 10)
- Lloyd Lelose – bass (track 9)
- Bakithi Kumalo – bass (tracks 1, 2, 5, 6, and 7)
- Isaac Mtshali – drums (tracks 5, 6, 7, and 9)
- Vusi Khumalo – drums (tracks 1 and 2)
- Petrus Manile – drums (track 4)
- Alton Rubin, Jr. – drums (track 10)
- Louie Pérez – drums (track 11)
- Steve Gadd – additional drums (track 11)
- Makhaya Mahlangu – percussion (tracks 1 and 2)
- Ralph MacDonald – percussion (tracks 4, 6, 7, and 11)
- Youssou N'Dour – percussion (track 5)
- Babacar Faye – percussion (track 5)
- Assane Thiam – percussion (track 5)
- James Guyatt - percussion (tracks 5,6 and 7)
- Lulu Masilela – tambourines (track 4)
- David Rubin – washboard (track 10)
- Alton Rubin, Sr. – accordion (track 10)
- Jonhjon Mkhalali – accordion (track 4)
- Forere Motloheloa – accordion (track 1)
- Rob Mounsey – synthesizer (tracks 1 and 6)
- Barney Rachabane – saxophone (track 4)
- Mike Makhalemele – saxophone (track 4)
- Teaspoon Ndela – saxophone (track 4)
- Lenny Pickett – tenor saxophone (track 5)
- Earl Gardner – trumpet (track 5)
- Alex Foster – alto saxophone (track 5)
- Ronnie Cuber – bass and baritone saxophone (track 6)
- Jon Faddis – trumpet (track 6)
- Randy Brecker – trumpet (track 6)
- Lew Soloff – trumpet (track 6)
- Alan Rubin – trumpet (track 6)
- Dave Bargeron – trombone (track 6)
- Kim Allan Cissel – trombone (track 6)
- Morris Goldberg – penny whistle (track 6), soprano saxophone (track 9)
- Johnny Hoyt – saxophone (track 10)
- Steve Berlin – saxophone (track 11)
- The Everly Brothers – additional vocals (track 2)
- The Gaza Sisters – vocals (track 3)
- Diane Garisto – backing vocals (track 4)
- Michelle Cobbs – vacking vocals (track 4)
- Ladysmith Black Mambazo – vocals (tracks 5 and 8)
- Joseph Shabalala – vocals (track 8)
- Linda Ronstadt – additional vocals (track 7)
Year Nominated work Award Result 1987 Graceland Album of the Year Won "Graceland" Song of the Year Nominated Best Pop Vocal Performance - Male Nominated 1988 Record of the Year Won
Chart (1986) Position Australian Albums Chart 1 Canadian Albums Chart 1 Dutch Albums Chart 1 French Albums Chart  1 New Zealand Albums Chart  1 Swiss Albums Chart 1 UK Albums Chart  1 German Albums Chart  2 Austrian Albums Chart 3 U.S. Billboard Pop Albums 3 Italian Albums Chart 4 Finnish Albums Chart 7 Norwegian Albums Chart 13 Swedish Albums Chart 13 Japanese Albums Chart 46 Chart (2011) Position Irish Albums Chart 61
Chart (1986) Position UK Albums Chart 4 Chart (1987) Position US Albums Chart 2 Swiss Albums Chart 3 Australian Albums Chart 4 Austrian Albums Chart 12 UK Albums Chart 14
Region Certification Sales/shipments France (SNEP) Platinum 300,000* Germany (BVMI) 3× Gold 300,000^ Netherlands (NVPI) Platinum 100,000^ United Kingdom (BPI) 5× Platinum 1,500,000^ United States (RIAA) 5× Platinum 5,000,000^
^shipments figures based on certification alone
xunspecified figures based on certification alone
- ^ a b Levy, Joe; Steven Van Zandt (2006) . "81 | Graceland - Paul Simon". Rolling Stone's 500 Greatest Albums of All Time (3rd ed.). London: Turnaround. ISBN 1932958614. OCLC 70672814. http://www.rollingstone.com/music/lists/500-greatest-albums-of-all-time-19691231/graceland-paul-simon-19691231. Retrieved 7 January 2006.
- ^ a b Tyrangiel, Josh (November 2, 2006). "Graceland - The ALL-TIME 100 Albums". Time. http://www.time.com/time/specials/packages/article/0,28804,1955625_1955762_1956459,00.html. Retrieved 23 May 2008.
- ^ Caffrey, Scott (2006.11.03). "Lone Wolf: Hangin' With Steve Berlin". JamBase. http://www.jambase.com/headsup.asp?storyID=9391&disp=all.
- ^ WFMU's Beware of the Blog: Rhymin' Simon: Not Welcome in East L.A
- ^ WFMU's Paul Simon's answer (The Dreamer of Music)
- ^ Ruhlmann, William. Graceland (album) at Allmusic. Retrieved 22 January 2005.
- ^ a b Christgau, Robert. "Paul Simon > Consumer Guide Reviews". Robert Christgau. http://www.robertchristgau.com/get_artist.php?name=paul+simon. Retrieved 7 January 2006.
- ^ a b Tannenbaum, Rob (October 23, 1986). "Paul Simon Graceland > Album Review". Rolling Stone (485). Archived from the original on 25 October 2007. http://www.rollingstone.com/music/albumreviews/graceland-19970121. Retrieved 7 January 2006. Posted January 21, 1997
- ^ "The 1986 Pazz & Jop Critics Poll". The Village Voice. March 3, 1987. http://www.robertchristgau.com/xg/pnj/pjres86.php. Retrieved 21 March 2005.
- ^ Cromelin, Richard (31 January 1988). "Strummer on Man, God, Law and the Clash". Los Angeles Times. http://articles.latimes.com/1988-01-31/entertainment/ca-39596_1_joe-strummer.
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- ^ Q August 2006, Issue 241
- ^ Azerrad, Michael; DeCurtis, Anthony (November 16, 1989). "The 100 Best Albums of the Eighties: 5 | Paul Simon, 'Graceland'". Rolling Stone (565): p. 53. http://www.rollingstone.com/music/lists/100-best-albums-of-the-eighties-20110418/paul-simon-graceland-19691231. Retrieved 12 December 2006.
- ^ Tangari, Joe (November 20, 2002). "Top 100 Albums of the 1980s: 085: Paul Simon Graceland". Pitchfork. http://pitchfork.com/features/staff-lists/5882-top-100-albums-of-the-1980s/2/. Retrieved 23 May 2008.
- ^ a b "Past Winners Search". grammy.com. http://www.grammy.com/nominees/search?artist=paul+simon. Retrieved 2011-08-08.
- ^ a b "Rock On The Net: 29th Annual Grammy Awards - 1987". http://www.rockonthenet.com/archive/1987/grammys.htm. Retrieved 2011-08-08.
- ^ a b Kent, David (1993). Australian Chart Book 1970–1992. St Ives, NSW: Australian Chart Book. ISBN 0646119176.
- ^ http://www.collectionscanada.gc.ca/rpm/028020-119.01-e.php?&file_num=nlc008388.0861&type=1&interval=20&PHPSESSID=lo0152od4caliufjkgh3mkphk6
- ^ "dutchcharts.nl Paul Simon - Graceland". dutchcharts.nl. MegaCharts. http://dutchcharts.nl/showitem.asp?interpret=Paul+Simon&titel=Graceland&cat=a. Retrieved 2011-08-08.
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- ^ "French album certifications – Paul Simon – Graceland" (in French). Syndicat National de l'Édition Phonographique. http://www.disqueenfrance.com/fr/pag-259165-CERTIFICATIONS.html?year=2001&type=12.
- ^ "German album certifications – Paul Simon – Graceland" (in German). Bundesverband Musikindustrie. http://www.musikindustrie.de/gold_platin_datenbank/?action=suche&strTitel=Graceland&strInterpret=Paul+Simon&strTtArt=alben&strAwards=checked.
- ^ "Dutch album certifications – Paul Simon – Graceland" (in Dutch). Nederlandse Vereniging van Producenten en Importeurs van beeld- en geluidsdragers. http://www.ifpi.nl/nvpi/pagina.asp?pagkey=60463.
- ^ "British album certifications – Paul Simon – Graceland". British Phonographic Industry. http://www.bpi.co.uk/certifiedawards/search.aspx. Enter Graceland in the field Search. Select Title in the field Search by. Select album in the field By Format. Click Go
- ^ "American album certifications – Paul Simon – Graceland". Recording Industry Association of America. http://www.riaa.com/goldandplatinumdata.php?artist=%22Graceland%22. If necessary, click Advanced, then click Format, then select Album, then click SEARCH
Studio albumsThe Paul Simon Songbook (1965) · Paul Simon (1972) · There Goes Rhymin' Simon (1973) · Still Crazy After All These Years (1975) · One-Trick Pony (1980) · Hearts and Bones (1983) · Graceland (1986) · The Rhythm of the Saints (1990) · Songs from The Capeman (1997) · You're the One (2000) · Surprise (2006) · So Beautiful or So What (2011) Live albumsPaul Simon in Concert: Live Rhymin' (1974) · Paul Simon's Concert in the Park, August 15, 1991 (1991) CompilationsGreatest Hits, Etc. (1977) · Negotiations and Love Songs (1988) · The Paul Simon Anthology (1993) · Paul Simon 1964/1993 (1993) · Greatest Hits: Shining Like a National Guitar (2000) · The Paul Simon Collection: On My Way, Don't Know Where I'm Goin' (2002) · The Studio Recordings, 1972-2000 (2004) · Recorded as Jerry Landis (2006) · The Essential Paul Simon (2007) · This Better Be Good (2009) Film and theater Related articles Grammy Award for Album of the Year (1980s) Year Album Artist(s) Producer(s) 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 Complete list · (1960s) · (1970s) · (1980s) · (1990s) · (2000s) · (2010s) Chart procession and succession Preceded by
Silk and Steel by Five Star
The Whole Story by Kate Bush
UK number one album
October 4, 1986 – November 7, 1986
January 31, 1987 – February 20, 1987
Every Breath You Take: The Singles by The Police
The Very Best of Hot Chocolate by Hot Chocolate
True Blue by Madonna
Now This Is Music 5 by Various artists
The Hits Album 5 by Various artists
The Hits Album 5 by Various artists
Dutch Mega Chart number-one album
October 4, 1986
November 15 – November 22, 1986
January 10, 1987
January 31 - March 14, 1987
True Blue by Madonna
Live/1975–85 by Bruce Springsteen and The E Street Band
The Hits Album 5 by Various artists
The Joshua Tree by U2
Fore! by Huey Lewis and the News
New Zealand Chart number-one album
November 3 - December 14, 1986
Every Breath You Take: The Singles by The Police
True Colors by Cyndi Lauper
Australian Kent Music Report number-one album
October 27, 1986 – November 16, 1986
April 6, 1987 – April 19, 1987
Whispering Jack by John Farnham
Slippery When Wet by Bon Jovi
Swiss Music Charts number-one album
February 8 – March 1, 1987
La Bourn 1 & 2 (Soundtrack)
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