Dominion of Pakistan

Dominion of Pakistan
Dominion of Pakistan
Commonwealth Realm

Flag Symbol
"God Save the Queen"
Capital Karachi
Language(s) Urdu, English
Government Constitutional monarchy
King/Queen of Pakistan
 - 1947–52 George VI
 - 1952–56 Elizabeth II
 - 1947–48 Muhammad Ali Jinnah
 - 1948–51 Khawaja Nazimuddin
 - 1951–55 Malik Ghulam Muhammad
 - 1955–56 Iskander Mirza
Prime Minister
 - 1947–51 Liaquat Ali Khan
 - 1951–53 Khawaja Nazimuddin
 - 1953–55 Muhammad Ali Bogra
 - 1955–56 Chaudhry Muhammad Ali
Historical era Cold War
 - Independence 14 August 1947
 - Indo-Pakistani War 1947–48
 - Constitution 1956
Currency Pakistani rupee

The Dominion of Pakistan was an independent federal Commonwealth realm in South Asia that was established in 1947 on the partition of British India into two sovereign dominions (the other being the Union of India). The Dominion of Pakistan, which included modern-day Pakistan and Bangladesh, was intended to be a homeland for the Muslims of the Indian sub-continent. The Dominion of Pakistan became the Islamic Republic of Pakistan in 1956; the eastern part of the country became the independent People's Republic of Bangladesh in 1971.



Section 1 of the Indian Independence Act 1947 provided that from "the fifteenth day of August, nineteen hundred and forty-seven, two independent Dominions shall be set up in India, to be known respectively as India and Pakistan". India was treated by the United Nations as the successor-state to the former British India. As it was already a member of the United Nations, it continued its seat and did not apply for a new membership. However, Pakistan was treated as though it were a new country and had to apply to join the international organisation. It was admitted as a UN member shortly after its independence in 1947.


The Dominion of Pakistan was a federation of five Provinces: East Bengal (later to become Bangladesh), West Punjab, Balochistan, Sindh, and the North-West Frontier Province (NWFP). In addition, those Princely States which were enclaves within those provinces also joined the federation: these included Bahawalpur, Khairpur, Swat, Dir, Hunza, Chitral, Makranand, and the Khanate of Kalat. Each Province had its own Governor, who was appointed by the Governor-General of Pakistan, the representative of the King of Pakistan.

Radcliffe Line

The controversial Radcliffe Award, not published until 17 August 1947, specified the Radcliffe Line which demarcated the border between India and Pakistan. The Radcliffe Boundary Commission sought to separate the Muslim-majority regions in the east and northwest from the rest of India with a Hindu majority. This entailed the partition of two provinces which did not have a uniform majority — Bengal and Punjab. The western part of Punjab became West Punjab and the eastern part became the Indian state of Punjab. Bengal was similarly divided into East Bengal (in Pakistan) and West Bengal (in India).

See also


Further reading

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Dominion du Pakistan — Dominion of Pakistan en 1947 – 1956 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Dominion of India — Bhārata Adhirājya Dominion of the British Commonwealth ← …   Wikipedia

  • Pakistan Navy — s Crest Active August 14, 1947 Present …   Wikipedia

  • Pakistan Army — Founded 14 August 1947 Country …   Wikipedia

  • Pakistan-administered Kashmir — refers to a disputed region between India and Pakistan in South Asia that is under the de facto administration of Pakistan. A part of this area of the former princely state of Kashmir, the trans Karakoram tract was ceded to China and the… …   Wikipedia

  • Pakistan — This article is about the nation of Pakistan. For other uses, see Pakistan (disambiguation) and Pakistani (disambiguation). Islamic Republic of Pakistan …   Wikipedia

  • Pakistan–United Kingdom relations — Pakistani–British relations are the relations of Pakistan and the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.HistoryUntil it became an independent state in 1947, Pakistan was part of British India, after the Partition of India, Pakistan …   Wikipedia

  • Pakistan Ambassador to the United States — Pakistani Embassy in the United States was built in Washington, D.C. in 28 August, 1947, when Pakistan attained independence from Great Britain and separated from India to form the Dominion of Pakistan . From the onset, Pakistan adopted a pro… …   Wikipedia

  • DOMINION — DOMINI Le terme de dominion, au contenu juridique vague à dessein, est né en 1867 à l’occasion de la fondation de la Fédération canadienne et de la dévolution à son gouvernement central de la souveraineté interne. Il n’entre dans la titulature… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Pakistan Muslim League (Q) — پاکستان مسلم لیگ ق Leader Chaudhry Shujaat Hussain President Mushahid Hussain Syed …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.