- Osulf II of Northumbria
Osulf II (also known as "Oswulf") was the son of Eadulf III, Earl of Bernicia (killed 1041), and grandson of
Uchtred the Bold, Earl of Northumbria(killed 1016). Osulf’s family ruled as earls of Northumbria from 954 until 1016, and as earls of Bernicia until 1041, with their capital at Bamburgh.
In 1065 Morcar succeeded Tostig as Earl of Northumbria, and he appointed Osulf to rule the portion north of the
River Tyne. However, because of Morcar’s resistance to William the Conqueror in 1066, he was deposed and imprisoned. William then appointed Copsig, Tostig’s former deputy, as the new earl.
In February 1067 Copsig came north and forced Osulf to seek shelter in the hills. Osulf began to gather an army. Because Copsig was seen as an invader and a tax-gatherer for William, he was deeply unpopular amongst the northumbrians, and Osulf had no trouble in gathering recruits. On March 12 he surprised Copsig and his men at a banquet at
Newburn-upon-Tyne. Copsig fled to a nearby church, but this was set on fire, forcing Copsig out. Osulf then cut off his head.
Osulf seemed to have seized control of the earldom of Northumbria, and was not threatened by any expeditions to remove him. However in the autumn of 1067, Osulf, who appears to have been carrying out his duties as earl, intercepted an outlaw and was run through by the man’s spear.
He was succeeded as earl by his cousin, Cospatric, who purchased the earldom from King William.
* Stenton, Sir Frank M. "Anglo-Saxon England Third Edition".
Oxford University Press, 1971.
* William E. Kapelle, "The Norman Conquest of the North" University of North Carolina Press, 1979.
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