- Cities of Malaysia
The following are the list of cities of
Malaysia, in order by the date they were granted the citystatus.
Cities of Malaysia
* George Town (
1 January 1957; current status disputed)
Kuala Lumpur( 1 February 1972)
Ipoh( 27 May 1988)
Kuching( 1 August 1988)
Johor Bahru( 1 January 1994)
Kota Kinabalu( 2 February 2000)
Shah Alam( 10 October 2000)
Malacca Town( 15 April 2003)
Alor Setar( 21 December 2003)
Miri( 20 May 2005)
Petaling Jaya( 20 June 2006)
Kuala Terengganu( 1 January 2008)
George Town became a city on
1 January 1957by a royal charter granted by Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II, becoming the first town in the Federation of Malayato become a city ( Singaporebecame a city in 1951). However, as a result of local government reorganisations in 1974, the City Council of George Town was merged with the PenangRural District Council to form the Municipal Council of Penang Island.
Although the city status of George Town was never officially revoked, it is now questionable whether George Town exists as a corporate entity, let alone as a city. This is similar to the position of the former city of Rochester in
England, the site of England's second-oldest cathedral, which had been a city from 1211until 1998, when it was merged with a neighbouring borough. As the new council was not granted city status, and the city through oversight failed to appoint charter trustees to inherit the city charter, the city ceased to exist.
This view has been supported by both the state and federal governments, but is disagreed with by some local residents, who hold that as George Town's city status has never been revoked it remains a city to this day. As city status is a matter of law, the actual legal position will depend on an analysis of the Local Government Act 1976 and the subsidiary legislation which created the Municipal Council of Penang Island.
The issue of city status has lain dormant since
1974, but in recent years local resentment has grown as relatively insignificant towns such as Alor Starhave been designated cities. The state government has announced its intention to petition the Yang di-Pertuan Agong(King) of Malaysia for a regrant of city status once the city's new boundaries are agreed.
Kuala Lumpur, Kuching, Kota Kinabalu, Shah Alam, Malacca Town, Alor Starand Miri's royal charters were from the Yang di-Pertuan Agong, while Ipohand Johor Bahruwere granted by their respective state sultans. Malacca was declared a "historic city" prior to being granted city status in 2003.
Kuala Lumpur, the largest city, is the federal capital and a federal territory, but as of 2003, most government executive bodies are moving to the new administrative capital and federal territory of
Kuala Lumpur is by far the largest city as well as the largest metropolitan area in Malaysia. Other major cities with a population of more than 500,000 include Ipoh, Johor Bahru, Kuching, and George Town.
States of Malaysia
List of capitals in Malaysia
* [http://www.world-gazetteer.com/s/p_my.htm Map]
* [http://www.world-gazetteer.com/wg.php?x=1171193898&men=gcis&lng=en&des=gamelan&dat=32&geo=-152&srt=pnan&col=ohdq&pt=c&va=x Population of cities in Malaysia from World Gazetteer]
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