Earl of Northumbria

Earl of Northumbria

Earl of Northumbria was a title in the Anglo-Danish, late Anglo-Saxon, and early Anglo-Norman period in England. The earldom of Northumbria was the successor of the ealdormanry of Bamburgh, itself the successor of an independent Bernicia. Under the Norse kingdom of York, there were earls of Deira. Eventually all Northumbria was united under the Bernician dynasty. This dynasty held onto Bernicia until 1041, but from 1016 there were other earls in York who were appointed by King Canute the Great over all Northumbria. It was itself broken up in the early Norman period and dissolved into the earldoms of York and Northumberland, with much land going to the prince-bishopric of Durham.

The earls were:

*Osulf I (954-963), Earl of Bernicia from 930
*Oslac of Northumbria, exiled in 975
*Waltheof I (963-995)
*Uhtred the Bold (1006-1016)
*Eric of Hlathir/Eirik Håkonson (1016-1023)
*Siward (1031-1055), without underlings in Bernicia from 1041
*Tostig (1055-1065)
*Morcar (1065-1066)
*Copsi (1067)
*Osulf II (1067)
*Gospatric (1067-1068)
*Robert Comine (1068-1069)

"Vacant during the Harrying of the North until..."

*Gospatric (1070-1072, [cite book | title=The Complete Peerage | publisher=The St. Catherine Press. 1936 | location=London | pages=9:704–5] again
*Waltheof II (1072-1075)
*William Walcher (1075-1080), also prince-bishop of Durham
*Aubrey de Coucy (1080), perhaps formally until 1086
*Robert de Mowbray (1086-1095)

"Vacant until Stephen was pressured by David of Scotland to grant to ..."
* Henry of Scotland, 1139-1152
* William of Scotland, 1152-1157
** Deprived of title and lands by Henry II of England, 1157

"Purchased by Hugh de Puiset, the Bishop of Durham in 1189, and held until 1191 or so.cite book |author=Barlow, Frank |title=The Feudal Kingdom of England 1042-1216|authorlink=Frank Barlow (historian)|edition=Fourth Edition |pages=pp. 352-352 |publisher=Longman |location=New York |year=1988 |isbn=0-582-49504-0 ]

"Vacant until the First Barons' War, when the barons of Northumberland and York did homage to ..."
* Alexander II of Scotland, 1215-1217
** Surrendered to Henry III of England, 1217

ee also

*List of monarchs of Northumbria
*Earl of York
*Earl of Northumberland


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