Xin Dynasty


Xin Dynasty

The Xin Dynasty (zh-cpwl|c=新朝|p=Xīn Cháo|w=Hsin Ch'ao|l=New Dynasty) was a Chinese dynasty (although strictly speaking it had only one emperor) which lasted from 9-23 AD. It followed the Western Han Dynasty and preceded the Eastern Han Dynasty.

The sole emperor of the Xin Dynasty, Wang Mang (王莽), was the nephew of Grand Empress Dowager Wang Zhengjun. After the death of her step-grandson Emperor Ai in 1 BC, Wang Mang rose to power. After several years of cultivating a personality cult, he finally proclaimed himself emperor in 9 AD. However, while a creative scholar and politician, he was an incompetent ruler, and his capital Chang'an was laid seige by peasant rebels in 23 AD. He died in the siege, and the Han Dynasty was restored by descendents of the former imperial clan.

References

* "Book of Han", vol. 99, parts 1, 2, 3.
* "Zizhi Tongjian", vols. 36, 37, 38, 39.


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