- Lawrence Eagleburger
Infobox US Cabinet official
name=Lawrence Sidney Eagleburger
United States Secretary of State
George H.W. Bush
December 8, 1992
January 20, 1993
Acting Secretary from
August 23, 1992
birth_date=birth date and age|1930|08|01
spouse=Marlene Ann Heinemann
Lawrence Sidney Eagleburger (born
August 1 1930), is an American statesmanand former career diplomat, who served briefly as the United States Secretary of Stateunder President George H. W. Bush. Previously, he had served in lesser capacities under Presidents Richard Nixon, Jimmy Carter, Ronald Reagan, and George H. W. Bush.
Originally hailing from
Milwaukee, Wisconsin, he graduated from high school in Stevens Point, then attended the University of Wisconsin-Stevens Point, before earning his bachelor's and master's degrees from the University of Wisconsin-Madison. Eagleburger also served in the United States Armyfrom 1952 to 1954, attaining the rank of First Lieutenant. In 1957, he joined the US Foreign Service, and served in various posts in embassies, consulates, and the State Department. From 1961 to 1965 he served as a staffer at the US Embassy in Belgrade, Yugoslavia.
Starting in 1969, he served in the Nixon administration as an assistant to National Security Advisor
Henry Kissinger. He stayed in this appointment until 1971; thereafter he took on several positions, including advisor to the US Mission to North Atlantic Treaty Organizationin Brussels, and, following Kissinger's appointment as Secretary of State, a number of additional posts in the State Department.
Following Nixon's resignation, he briefly left government service, but was soon appointed as ambassador to
Yugoslaviaby President Jimmy Carter, a post he held from 1977 to 1980.
In 1982, Reagan appointed him as Undersecretary of State for Political Affairs (the State Department's third-ranking position), a position he held for several years. In 1989, President George H.W. Bush appointed him Deputy Secretary of State (the Department's second-ranking position); he also served as the President's primary advisor for affairs relating to the quickly disintegrating Yugoslavia. On August 23, 1992,
James A. Bakerresigned as Secretary of State (to head up Bush's unsuccessful re-election campaign), and Eagleburger served as Acting Secretary of State until Bush gave him a recess appointmentfor the remainder of his administration.
His period as advisor for Yugoslavian affairs from 1989 to 1992 was highly controversial. He gained a reputation for being a strong
Serbian partisan, most controversially denying that Serbian paramilitaries and the Yugoslav National Army had committed atrocities in the breakway republic of Croatia. This perceived partisanship led the European press to dub him "Lawrence of Serbia" (a reference to Lawrence of Arabia).fact|date=March 2008
International Commission on Holocaust-Era Insurance Claims
Eagleburger became chairman of the
International Commission on Holocaust-Era Insurance Claims, or ICHEIC, which was set up in 1998. The purpose of the Commission was to resolve unpaid Nazi-era insuranceclaims for survivors of the Holocaust. In 2005 Eagleburger announced that the ICHEIC was offering approximately 16 million dollars to Holocaust victims and their heirs, noting as he did so the research ability of the ICHEIC staff which allowed them to evaluate claims from companies which no longer existed. [ [http://18.104.22.168/search?q=cache:wCpXPIC88scJ:www.icheic.org/pdf/ICHEIC%2520announces%2520additional%2520humanitarian%2520awards%25208-19-05.pdf+Eagleburger+ICHEIC&hl=en&ct=clnk&cd=1 ICHEIC offers additional $16 million to holocaust era insurance claimaints] , accessed May 31, 2006] In the years prior to this there had been some controversy about the Commission, including reports that it was over-budgeted and too slow, and that insurance companies which had previously agreed to work with the ICHEIC had failed to disclose policyholder lists. [ [http://www.henrywaxman.house.gov//htbin/email_pg1/issues/foreignaffairs/issues_foreign_affairs_HRR_jewjournal_2_15_02.htm Webpage of Representative Henry Waxman, Justice delayed and justice denied] , accessed May 31, 2006] Eagleburger responded to these accusations by saying, among other things, that it was difficult to work quickly when many of the claimants lacked basic information such as the name of the insurance company involved. [ [http://www.jewishsf.com/content/2-0-/module/displaystory/story_id/17228/edition_id/340/format/html/displaystory.html Holocaust insurance body blasted for not paying claims] , accessed May 31, 2006]
tance on Middle Eastern conflict
After serving in the Foreign Service for 27 years, Eagleburger retains an interest in foreign policy and is a familiar figure on current events talk shows. He has caused some discussion with public comments about President George W. Bush's foreign policy. In August 2002, Eagleburger questioned the timing of possible military action in
Iraq, saying, "I am not at all convinced now that this is something we have to do this very moment." [ [http://edition.cnn.com/2002/ALLPOLITICS/08/22/eagleburger.iraq/?related Eagleburger questions possible Iraqi move] , accessed May 31, 2006] He did indicate he believed that Iraqi regime change could be a legitimate US endeavor at some point, but that at that time he did not believe the administration was fully prepared for such a conflict. [ [http://www.foxnews.com/story/0,2933,60704,00.html Transcript: Lawrence Eagleburger on FNS] , accessed May 31, 2006] In April 2003, following warnings by the Bush administration to the government of Syria, Eagleburger condemned the possibility of military action in Syria or Iran, saying that public opinion would not support such a move and that "If President Bush were to try it now, even I would feel he should be skinned alive." [ [http://www.mirror.co.uk/news/allnews/page.cfm?objectid=12844873&method=full&siteid=50143&headline=BUSH'S%20CALL%20TO%20SYRIANS Bush’s call to Syrians] , accessed May 31, 2006]
After the election of Iranian president
Mahmoud Ahmadinejad, Eagleburger seemed to think that Iran was moving in a direction which may at some point call for military action, saying in an interview that while "we should try everything else we can first," at some point it would probably be necessary to use force to ensure that Iran did not obtain or use nuclear weapons. [ [http://web.lexis-nexis.com.proxy.lib.utk.edu:90/universe/document?_m=50fef0c3fffa02964ca6aac06f3c9a88&_docnum=1&wchp=dGLbVtb-zSkVb&_md5=3298310cbef7a0f1e1832d5f24979231 Interview With Former Secretary of State Lawrence Eagleburger] , accessed May 31, 2006]
January 5 2006, he participated in a meeting at the White Houseof former Secretaries of Defense and State to discuss United States foreign policy with Bush administration officials. On November 10, 2006it was announced that he would replace Secretary of Defense designate Robert Gatesin the Iraq Study Group. [" [http://www.alertnet.org/thenews/newsdesk/N10277240.htm Eagleburger to join U.S. Iraq study group] ", "Reuters", November 10, 2006. Retrieved November 10, 2006.]
He is Chairman of the Board of Trustees for
The Forum for International Policy, and a member of the Washington Institute for Near East Policy(WINEP) Board of Advisors.
He has three sons, all of whom are named Lawrence Eagleburger, though they have different middle names. [ [http://www.brookings.edu/gs/research/projects/press/012302.htm The role of the press in the anti-terrorism campaign] , accessed
May 31, 2006]
He was formerly a member of the Board of Visitors at the
College of William and Mary.
May 6 1995, he delivered the commencement address to the 1995 graduating class of James Madison University. [" [http://www.jmu.edu/centennialcelebration/speakers.shtml JMU Graduation Speakers] "]
* [http://www.disinfopedia.org/wiki.phtml?title=Lawrence_Sidney_Eagleburger Disinfopedia article on Eagleburger] .
* [http://www.nndb.com/people/340/000023271/ Lawrence Eagleburger profile, NNDB] .
*Lawrence Eagleburger has been [http://hdl.loc.gov/loc.mss/mfdip.2004eag01 interviewed] as part of [http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/collections/diplomacy/index.html Frontline Diplomacy: The Foreign Affairs Oral History Collection of the Association for Diplomatic Studies and Training] , a site at the [http://www.loc.gov/ Library of Congress] .
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