Quirinal Palace

Quirinal Palace

Infobox Historic building
name = Palazzo del Quirinale

caption = The Quirinal Palace housed popes, then kings, and now the President of the Italian Republic.
map_type =
latitude = 41.9
longitude = 12.486903
location_town = Rome
location_country = Italy
architect = Domenico Fontana
Carlo Maderno
client = Pope Gregory XIII
engineer =
construction_start_date= 1573
completion_date =
date_demolished =
cost =
structural_system =
style =
size =

The Quirinal Palace (known in Italian as the Palazzo del Quirinale or simply the "Quirinale") is the official residence of the President of the Italian Republic on the Quirinal Hill, the tallest of the seven hills of Rome.

Papal, Royal and Presidential residence

The palace, located on the "Via del Quirinale" and facing onto the "Piazza del Quirinale", was built in 1573 by Pope Gregory XIII as a papal summer residence. It was also used as the location for papal conclaves in 1823,1829,1831, and 1846. It served as a papal residence and housed the central offices responsible for the civil government of the Papal States until 1870. In September, 1870, what was left of the Papal States was overthrown. About five months later, in 1871, Rome became the capital of the new Kingdom of Italy. The palace was occupied during the invasion of Rome and became the official royal residence of the Kings of Italy, though in reality some monarchs, notably King Victor Emmanuel III (reigned 1900-1946) actually lived in a private residence elsewhere, the Quirinale being used simply as an office and for state functions. The monarchy was abolished in 1946 and the Palace became the official residence and workplace for the Presidents of the Italian Republic. Some, still, declined the "Colle" residence and kept their usual Roman residence: for example, Sandro Pertini preferred his old flat near the Trevi fountain.

The façade was designed by Domenico Fontana. Its 'Great Chapel' was designed by Carlo Maderno. It contains frescos by Guido Reni, but the most famous fresco is the "Blessing Christ" by Melozzo da Forlì, placed over the stairs. Its grounds include a famous set of gardens laid out in the eighteenth century.

ee also

Some other Italian institutional buildings:
*Palazzo Madama: seat of the Italian Senate
*Palazzo Montecitorio: seat of the Italian Chamber of Deputies
*Palazzo Chigi: seat of the Italian Government

External links

* [http://www.quirinale.it/palazzo/luoghi/arte_luoghi.htm Official site of the Presidency of Italy] (Virtual tour of Quirinal Palace)
* [http://maps.google.com/maps?q=rome&ll=41.900944,12.487153&spn=0.006584,0.010060&t=k&hl=en Satellite image of the palace and its garden] Note: One block north east of the Gardens is the Palazzo Barberini. Midway along the long southeast wing flanking the garden, across the street, is the small dome of Bernini's Sant'Andrea al Quirinale. At the next corner north is the inconspicuous church by Borromini, San Carlo alle Quattro Fontane. Diagonal and to the west of the facade, amid a warren of small streets is the turquoise tub-like polygon of the Trevi Fountain.


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