Greiz (district)


Greiz (district)

Infobox German district noregbez
name=Greiz
state=Thuringia
capital=Greiz
area=844
population=121,129
population_as_of=2002
density=144
carsign=GRZ
url=http://www.landkreis-greiz.de

Greiz is a Kreis (district) in the east of Thuringia, Germany. Neighboring districts are (from the west clockwise) Saale-Holzland, Saale-Orla, district-free city Gera, the Burgenlandkreis in Saxony-Anhalt, Altenburger Land, and the two Saxon districts Zwickauer Land and Vogtlandkreis.

History

Historically the area of the district was part of the "Vogtland", named after the title "Vogt" given to the local rulers in the 13th century. Only two lines of the "Reuß" family survived from that time, with one principality based in Greiz, and the other in Gera and Schleiz. In 1919 both were merged into the "Volksstaat Reuß", which then became part of Thuringia in 1920.

A subcamp of the Buchenwald concentration camp was located at Berga/Elster during World War II. It was an SS joint venture, in which inmates dug tunnels and laid railway tracks for the Schwalbe V project. [Edward Victor. "Alphabetical List of Camps, Subcamps and Other Camps." www.edwardvictor.com/Holocaust/List %20 of %20 camps.htm]

The district in its current form was created on July 1, 1994, when the districts Gera-Land, Zeulenroda and the previous district Greiz were merged.

Geography

In the south of the district are the mountains of the Thuringian Slate Mountains ("Thüringer Schiefergebirge") and the Ore Mountains, with the river valley of the "Weiße Elster" going through the district from south to north.

Coat of arms

ights

Sights in the district Greiz:
*The Upper Castle of Greiz
*The Lower Castle of Greiz
*The Summer Palace Greiz
*Weida Osterburg Castle
*Ronneburg Castle
*Reichenfels Castle Ruin
*Old Guardhouse "Alte Wache" in Greiz
*Zeulenroda Town Hall
*Widen Church Ruin in Weida
*St. Veit Parish Church
*Mildenfurth Monastery
*Cronschwitz Monastery Ruin
*Greiz Park
*Fairy Tale Forest in Wünschendorf

Museums in the district Greiz:
*Museum of Local History in Greiz
*Summer Palace in Greiz
*Zeulenroda City Museum in Zeulenroda
*Osterburg Castle Museum in Weida, Thuringia
*Heinrich-Schütz-House in Bad Köstritz
*Museum in Hohenleuben

References

External links

* [http://www.landkreis-greiz.de/en/index.html Official website]


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