Roman Catholicism in the Netherlands


Roman Catholicism in the Netherlands

The Catholic Church in the Netherlands is part of the worldwide Catholic Church, under the spiritual leadership of the Pope and curia in Rome. Although the number of Catholics in the Netherlands has decreased in recent decades, the Dutch Catholic Church is by far the largest religious group in the Netherlands. Once known as a Protestant country, nowadays Protestants make up only 16.8 percent of the Dutch population. There are an estimated 4.352 million Catholics (31 December 2006) in the Netherlands, 26.6% of the population. The number of Catholics in the Netherlands has decreased in recent decades, and the number of parishes has decreased: from 1,744 in 1990 to 1,425 in 2006.

Sunday church attendance by Catholics has decreased in recent decades to less than 200,000 or 1.2 % of the Dutch population in 2006 (source [http://www.ru.nl/kaski/kerkelijke/statistiek/ KASKI – the official Dutch Catholic statistics source] ).

Dioceses

There are seven dioceses in the Netherlands.

The population of the two southern dioceses (diocese of Den Bosch and diocese of Roermond) is in majority Roman-Catholic.

ee also

*List of Roman Catholic dioceses of the Netherlands

History

After the Reformation, Dutch Catholics had largely been confined to certain southern areas in the Netherlands where they still tend to form a majority or large minority of the population. However, with modern population shifts and a furthering secularization, these areas tend to be less and less predominantly Catholic. Catholics still form a majority in the two southern provinces of the Netherlands, Noord-Brabant and Limburg, refer the overview by diocese above.
Historically In the old days, catholics like all the other non-protestant religions have been treated as second class citizens as they formed a minority in the dominant Protestant Netherlands. In turn catholics treated protestants as second class citizens in those areas where catholics were the majority.

After the Dutch Republic banned the Catholic religion in the 1580s the Netherlands became a Mission territory under the canonical authority of the Congregation for the Propagation of the Faith (the so-called Dutch Mission). The episcopal hierarchy was not restored until 1853.

In the late nineteenth and early twentieth catholics formed a separate social pillar, with their own schools, TV and radio broadcasting, hospitals, unions and political parties. They formed a coalition with orthodox Protestants, who also felt discriminated. This pillarization and coalition government was important in emancipating the Catholics from their social exclusion. In the period between 1860-1960 Roman Catholic church life and institutions flourished. This period is called "the rich Roman life" (Dutch: "Het Rijke Roomse leven").

In the 1980s and 1990s the church became polarized between conservatives and liberals. The main organization of the latter was the 8 May movement, (Dutch: "Acht Mei-beweging") that was founded and 1985 initiated by the disputes about the papal visit in that year to the Netherlands. The organization had a difficult relationship with the bishops. It was disbanded in 2003. The main conservative organization was Contact Roman Catholics.

Church adherence declined from 40% in 1970s to 26% in 2006.

Within the Netherlands the hierarchy consists of:

*Utrecht - Archbishop Willem Jacobus Eijk (since 2007)
**’s Hertogenbosch - Bishop Antonius Lambertus Maria Hurkmans (since 1998)
**Breda - Bishop Johannes van den Hende (since 2007)
**Groningen-Leeuwarden - Bishop Willem Jacobus Eijk (since 1999) (Apostolic administrator since 2007.
**Haarlem - Bishop Jozef Marianus Punt (since 2001)
**Roermond - Bishop Frans Jozef Marie Wiertz (since 1993)
**Rotterdam - Bishop Adrianus Henricus van Luijn (since 1994)

External links

* [http://www.kdc.kun.nl/geschindex_uk.html Information on the History of Dutch Catholicism]


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Roman Catholicism in the Netherlands Antilles — The Roman Catholic Church in Netherlands Antilles is part of the worldwide Roman Catholic Church, under the spiritual leadership of the Pope and curia in Rome.Nearly 80% of the population is Catholic and the dependency forms a single diocese the… …   Wikipedia

  • Roman Catholicism in the United Kingdom — The Roman Catholic Church in the United Kingdom is organised separately in England and Wales, in Scotland and in Northern Ireland, i.e. the Roman Catholic Church in England and Wales and the Roman Catholic Church in Scotland, and the Roman… …   Wikipedia

  • Roman Catholicism — the faith, practice, and system of government of the Roman Catholic Church. [1815 25] * * * Largest single Christian denomination in the world, with some one billion members, or about 18% of the world s population. The Roman Catholic church has… …   Universalium

  • Roman Catholicism in Indonesia — Catholicism in Indonesia refers to Roman Catholicism in Indonesia, where it is one of the six approved religions, the other being Islam, Protestantism, Hinduism, Buddhism, and Confucianism. According official figures, Catholics make up 3.05… …   Wikipedia

  • Roman Catholicism in France — The Roman Catholic Church of France, sometimes called the eldest daughter of the Church owing to its early and unbroken communion (2nd century) with the bishop of Rome, is part of the worldwide Catholic Church. The French church is under the… …   Wikipedia

  • Roman Catholicism in Norway — is part of the worldwide Catholic Church, under the spiritual leadership of the Pope and the Curia in Rome.There are about 46,000 Catholics in the country, 70% of whom were born abroad. The country is divided into three Church districts – the… …   Wikipedia

  • Roman Catholicism in Suriname — is part of the worldwide Roman Catholic Church, and is under the spiritual leadership of the Bishop of Rome, Pope Benedict XVI.There are 110,664 Catholics in Suriname, around 23% of the population. The Church in Suriname consists of only one… …   Wikipedia

  • Roman Catholicism in Croatia — Cathedral of St. Duje in Split in Split, the oldest cathedral in the world …   Wikipedia

  • Roman Catholicism in Italy — St Peter s Basilica and Vatican City, in Rome are where the bishop of Rome (pope) resides. The Vatican City is in Italy, however is not part of the country, as it is an independent nation. The Italian Catholic Church is part of the global Roman… …   Wikipedia

  • Roman Catholicism in Aruba — The Roman Catholic Church in Aruba is part of the worldwide Roman Catholic Church, under the spiritual leadership of the Pope and curia in Rome.The predominant religion of Aruba is Catholicism, but there is no territorial jurisduiction in Aruba,… …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.