- Kosovo Polje
Kosovo Polje — Municipality and city — Косово Поље (Kosovo Polje)
Fushë Kosova (Fushë Kosovë)
Coordinates: Country Kosovo[a] District District of Pristina Villages 18 Population (2011) – Total 34,718 (municipality) – Density 412.8/km2 (1,069.1/sq mi) Time zone CET (UTC+1) – Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2) Postal code 12000 Area code(s) +381 38 Car plates 01 Website Municipality of Kosovo Polje
Kosovo Polje or Fushë Kosova (Albanian: Fushë Kosovë or Fushë Kosova; Serbian: Косово Поље / Kosovo Polje, literally "Kosovo Field"or "blackbird field") is a town and municipality in the Pristina district of central Kosovo[a], at 42.63° North, 21.12° East, or approximately eight kilometres south-west of the capital Pristina. In 2011 the Fushë Kosovë Municipality had a total population of 34,718.
Kosovo Polje is the nearest town to the site of the Battle of Kosovo of 1389. In April 1987 it became the scene of a famous incident when Slobodan Milošević – at the time chairman of the League of Communists of Serbia – was sent to Kosovo Polje's Hall of Culture (town hall) to calm a crowd of angry Serbs protesting at what they saw as anti-Serb discrimination by the Albanian-dominated Kosovo administration. When Serb citizens complained they had been beaten by Albanian police, he told them that "No one has the right to beat you ... No one will beat you ever." The incident earned Milošević the support of Serbian people, propelling him to the presidency of Serbia two years later.
Prior to the 1999 Kosovo War, Kosovo Polje was the town in Kosovo in which the Serb population formed its largest percentage at 24%. The United Nations High Commission for Refugees estimated in March 1998 that its population (estimated at 40,000) was around 24% Serb, 59% Albanian and 17% from other national communities.
Kosovo Polje saw considerable violence before, during and after the war. In December 1998, the Serb deputy mayor of Kosovo Polje was killed by Kosovo Liberation Army fighters despite reportedly taking a moderate line on Serb-Albanian relations. Kidnaps and assassinations of Serbs and Albanians continued until the war began. The town's Albanian population was forcibly expelled, reportedly by local Serbs and paramilitaries, and many local Albanians were killed.
At the war's end in June 1999, most of the Albanian population returned while many of the town's Serbs were expelled. The remaining Serb population found themselves in an enclave in an Albanian-dominated region. Thousands of Serbs and Roma from other parts of Kosovo, who had fled their homes, took refuge in Kosovo Polje, where a large refugee camp was established.
Ethnic tension flared repeatedly in the years after the war and a number of Serbs were killed by Albanian nationalists. Under this continuing pressure, the Serb population of Kosovo Polje shrank steadily until, by July 2002, the newspaper Blic was reporting that only 550 Serbs remained in Kosovo Polje. The town was seriously affected by the March 2004 unrest in Kosovo, which saw a number of Serb houses burned and more Serbs forced to flee (the Serbian government claimed that 2,000 people had been expelled, though this is inconsistent with the earlier reports of the number of Serbs in the town). A number are reported to have returned since then and at least some of the destroyed properties have been rebuilt by the UNMIK.
Ethnic Composition, Including IDPs Year Albanians % Serbs % Ashkali % Roma % Other % Total 1991 17,374 53.4 8,346 25.7 32,500 1998 23,600 59 9,600 24 40,000 June 2000 34,000 84 4,000 10 2,600 6.4 300 0.7 60 0.14 40,500 April 2002 34,000 85 3,239 8 2,259 5.6 388 1 21 0.05 40,000
Source: UN Municipal Community Office. Accurate figures for the April 2002, but previous year’s statistics are estimate only, due to lack of insufficient data. It is noted that the 1991 census was highly politicised and is thus unreliable. Ref: OSCE
Notes and references
a. ^ Kosovo is the subject of a territorial dispute between the Republic of Serbia and the self-proclaimed Republic of Kosovo. The latter declared independence on 17 February 2008, while Serbia claims it as part of its own sovereign territory. Its independence is recognised by 85 UN member states.
KosovoDečani • Đakovica • Dragaš • Glogovac • Gnjilane • Istok • Kačanik • Klina • Kosovo Polje • Kosovska Kamenica • Kosovska Mitrovica • Leposavić • Lipljan • Mališevo • Novo Brdo • Obilić • Orahovac • Peć • Podujevo • Priština • Prizren • Štimlje • Srbica • Štrpce • Suva Reka • Uroševac • Vitina • Vučitrn • Zubin Potok • ZvečanPlanned Municipality: North Kosovska Mitrovica
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