Name = T, brachyury homolog (mouse)
caption =

width =
HGNCid = 11515
Symbol = T
AltSymbols =
EntrezGene = 6862
OMIM = 601397
RefSeq = NM_003181
UniProt = O15178
ECnumber =
Chromosome = 6
Arm = q
Band = 27
LocusSupplementaryData =

The "brachyury" mutation was first described in mice by Nadine Dobrovolskaïa-Zavadskaïa in 1927 as a mutation that affected tail length and sacral vertebrae in heterozygous animals and is lethal in homozygous animals around embryonic day 10 due to defects in mesoderm formation, notochord differentiation and the absence of structures posterior to the forlimb bud (Dobrovolskaïa-Zavadskaïa, 1927). The name brachyury comes from the Greek "brakhus" meaning short and "oura" meaning tail.

According to human and mouse genome nomenclature, "brachyury" now has the symbol and gene name "T" although brachyury is maintained as the gene description.

The mouse "T" gene was cloned by Bernhard Herrmann and colleagues (Herrmann "et al"., 1990) and proved to encode an 436 amino acid embroynic nuclear transcription factor. T binds to a specific DNA element, a near palindromic sequence TCACACCT through a region in its N-terminus, called the T-box. "T" is the founding member of the T-box family which in mammals currently consists of 18 T-box genes.


Transcription of genes required for mesoderm formation and cellular differentiation.


In mice "T" is expressed in the inner cell mass of the blastocyst stage embryo (but not in the majority of mouse embryonic stem cells) followed by the primitive streak (see image). In later development expression is localised to the node and notochord.

In "Xenopus laevis" "Xbra" (the "Xenopus" "T" homologue, also recently renamed "t") is expressed in the mesodermal marginal zone of the pre-gastrula embryo followed by localisation to the blastopore and notochord at the mid-gastrula stage.

The "Danio rerio" homologue is known as "ntl" (no tail)


Expression of the brachyury gene has been identified as a definitive diagnostic marker of chordoma, a malignant tumor typically occurring along the spine. This supports the hypothesis that chordomas arise from cells derived from the notochord.

ee also

*Homeobox protein NANOG
*Transcription factors
*Gene regulatory network


* [] Herrmann "et al"., 1990 Cloning of the T gene required in mesoderm formation in the mouse (Pubmed)
* [] Demonstration of T expression in the mouse blastocyst: Yoshikawa "et al"., 2006 High-throughput screen for genes predominantly expressed in the ICM of mouse blastocysts by whole mount in situ hybridization (Pubmed)
* [] Entrez Gene entry for Human T
* [] Mouse Genome Informatics entry for T
* [] European Bioinformatics Institute InterPro entry for Brachyury
* [] Information Hyperlinked Over Proteins entry for Brachyury
* [] Brachyury as a definitive marker for diagnosis of Chordoma
* [] Xenbase Gene entry for t

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Look at other dictionaries:

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