A cosmogram is a flat geometric figure depicting a cosmology. Some of them were created for meditational purpose. Mandalas are the best known cosmograms, but similar diagrams, known as schema, were also used in western Europe during the Middle Ages.
Many cosmograms feature a circle and a square, or a circle and a cross. The circle may represent the universe, or unity. The square or cross may represent the Earth, the four directions. The centre may represent the individual. Many diagrams featuring circles and squares or crosses may be interpreted as cosmograms, although they may not be intentionally created as such. For example, traditional Chinese coins that are round with a square hole in the middle, have been given such an interpretation, and so has the board for the game ludo, see Cross and Circle game.
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
cosmogram — noun A flat geometric figure depicting a cosmology See Also: cosmography … Wiktionary
Einar Pálsson — (1925 1996) was born in Reykjavík, Iceland. He is best known for his theories about the origin of the Icelandic Saga literature as relict mythology of pagan ritual landscapes. He acquired a cand. phil. degree in 1946, and a BA degree in English… … Wikipedia
Langston Hughes — For other uses, see Langston Hughes (disambiguation). Langston Hughes Hughes, photographed by Carl Van Vechten in 1936 Born February 1, 1902(1902 02 01) Joplin, Missouri United S … Wikipedia
Cosmos — For other uses, see Cosmos (disambiguation). The Ancient and Medieval cosmos as depicted in Peter Apian s Cosmographia (Antwerp, 1539). In the general sense, a cosmos is an orderly or harmonious system. It originates from the Greek term κόσμος… … Wikipedia
Horoscope — In astrology, a horoscope is a chart or diagram representing the positions of the Sun, Moon, planets, the astrological aspects, and sensitive angles at the time of an event, such as the moment of a person s birth. The word horoscope is derived… … Wikipedia
250 — NOTOC EventsBy PlaceRoman Empire* A group of Franks penetrate as far as Tarragona in Spain (approximate date). * The Goths invade Moesia. * The Alamanni drive the Romans from the modern area of Donau Ries. * An epidemic of the Plague begins in… … Wikipedia
Aztec — For other uses, see Aztec (disambiguation). The Aztec Pyramid at St. Cecilia Acatitlan, Mexico State … Wikipedia
La Venta — This article is about the archeological site in Mexico. For the fossil site in Colombia, see La Venta (Colombia). La Venta is a pre Columbian archaeological site of the Olmec civilization located in the present day Mexican state of Tabasco.… … Wikipedia
Cosmobiology — Historically, the term Kosmobiologie was used by the German medical astrologer Friedrich Feerhow and Swiss statistician Karl Krafft in a more general sense to designate that branch of astrology working on scientific foundations and keyed to the… … Wikipedia
Lodowicke Muggleton — Lodowicke Muggleton, by William Wood, circa 1674 Lodowicke Muggleton (1609–1698) was an English plebeian religious thinker, who gave his name to Muggletonianism. He spent his working life as a journeyman tailor in the City of London and was… … Wikipedia