Selim II


Selim II

Ottoman Succession box
Sultan_Name=Selim II
image_portrait=II Selim.jpg
Military=Growth of the Ottoman Empire
title=Sultan
before=Suleiman I
after=Murad III|years=1566–74
title2=Caliph

Selim II (Ottoman Turkish: سليم ثانى "Selīm-i sānī", Turkish:"II.Selim") (May 28 1524ndash December 12 1574), also known as "Selim the Sot", was the Sultan of the Ottoman Empire from 1566 until his death. He was a son of Suleiman the Magnificent (1520–66) and his favourite wife Roxelana (also known as Hürrem).

Accession

After gaining the throne after palace intrigue and fraternal dispute, Selim II became the first Sultan devoid of active military interest and willing to abandon power to his ministers, provided he was left free to pursue his orgies and debauches. Therefore, he became known as Selim the Drunkard or Selim the Sot (Turkish:"Sarhoş Selim"). His Grand Vizier, Mehmed Sokollu, a Serbian devsirme from what is now Bosnia and Herzegovina, controlled much of state affairs, and two years after Selim's accession succeeded in concluding at Constantinople an honourable treaty (February 17 1568) with the Habsburg Holy Roman Emperor, Maximilian II (1564–76), whereby the Emperor agreed to pay an annual "present" of 30,000 ducats and essentially granted the Ottomans authority in Moldavia and Walachia.

Against Russia Selim was less fortunate, and the first encounter between the Ottoman Empire and her future northern rival gave presage of disaster to come. A plan had been elaborated at Constantinople for uniting the Volga and Don by a canal, and in the summer of 1569 a large force of Janissaries and cavalry were sent to lay siege to Astrakhan and begin the canal works, while an Ottoman fleet besieged Azov. But a sortie of the garrison of Astrakhan drove back the besiegers; a Russian relief army of 15,000 attacked and scattered the workmen and the Tatar force sent for their protection; and finally, the Ottoman fleet was destroyed by a storm. Early in 1570 the ambassadors of Ivan IV of Russia concluded at Constantinople a treaty which restored friendly relations between the Sultan and the Tsar.

Expeditions in the Hejaz and Yemen were more successful, but the conquest of Cyprus in 1571, which provided Selim with his favourite vintage, led to the calamitous naval defeat against Spain and Italian states at Lepanto in the same year, freeing the Mediterranean Sea from corsairs.

The Empire's shattered fleets were soon restored (in just six months; it consisted of about 150 galleys and 8 galleasses) and the Ottomans maintained control of the Mediterranean (1573). In August 1574, months before Selim's death, the Ottomans regained control of Tunisia from Spain who had controlled it since 1572.

Marks of decay

Lord Patrick Kinross' account of Selim's reign is how he starts a chapter of his book called "The Seeds of Decline". He sees the massive outlay for the fleet-rebuilding following the Battle of Lepanto as the start of the Empire's slow decay. Kinross also says that Selim's reputation for drunkenness was solidified in his decision to invade Cyprus rather than supporting the Morisco Revolt in Granada as well as in the manner of his death; Selim died after a period of fever brought on when he drunkenly slipped over on the wet floor of an unfinished bath-house (Kinross 1977, p. 273).

References

*Patrick Balfour Kinross, "Ottoman Centuries: The Rise and Fall of the Turkish Empire" (1977), ISBN 0-688-08093-6
*John Julius Norwich, "A History of Venice" (1989), ISBN 0679721975
*1911

External links

* [http://www.sinanasaygi.com/en/eserler.asp?action=eserDetay&ID=8 Selim II Tomb]


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Selim I. — Selim I., ‏سلیم‎ / Selīm, genannt ‏یاوز‎ / Yavuz /‚der Gestrenge‘; (* 10. Oktober 1470 in Amasya; † 21. September 1520 bei Edirne) war vom 24. April 1512 bis 1520 Sultan des Osmanischen Reiches. Nach der osmanischen Geschichtsschreibung war… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Selim — puede referirse a: Nombre Nombre de varón, de origen árabe Selim I (1465 – 1520), sultán otomano Selim II (1524 – 1574) sultán otomano 1566 Selim III (1761 – 1808) sultán otomano Selim Hassan (1886 1961), egiptólogo egipcio Jean Sélim Kanaan… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Sélim II — Selim II Selim l Ivrogne Selim II Mest (l «Ivrogne») ou Sari (le «Blond») (28 mai 1524 12 décembre 1574) était le 11e sultan turc ottoman, fils et successeur de Soliman le Magnifique. I …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Selim — Selim,   osmanischer Herrscher:    1) Selim I. Yavuz [ vuz; »der Grausame«], Sultan (seit 1512), * Amasya 1467 oder 1470, ✝ bei Çorlu (in der Nähe von Tekirdağ) 20. oder 22. 9. 1520; setzte die Abdankung seines Vaters Bajasid II. durch und ließ… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Selim I — Sultán del Imperio Otomano Reinado 1512 1520 Nacimiento 10 de octubre de 1465 …   Wikipedia Español

  • Selim II — Reinado 1566 1574 Nacimiento 28 de mayo de 1524 Fallecimiento 12 d …   Wikipedia Español

  • Selim du 9.4 — de son vrai nom Sélim Bélabès est un membre de la Mafia K 1 Fry d origine tunisienne né le 11 décembre 1979 ayant grandi à Joinville le Pont du quartier Barbusse . Il a créé le groupe Ideal J lorsqu il était adolescent avec Kery James, Teddy… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Selim II — (28 de mayo de 1524 – 12 de diciembre de 1574) gobernó como sultán del Imperio Otomano desde 1566 hasta su fallecimiento. Era uno de los hijos de Suleiman el Magnífico y su favorita Aleksandra Lisowska (también llamada Hurrem o Roxelana). Después …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • SELIM I° — (reigned 1512–20), Ottoman sultan. The son of Sultan bayazid ii , Selim was the ninth Ottoman sultan. Demonstrating military prowess, he was favored by the army over his elder brother Ahmed to succeed his father. He succeeded within a short time… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Selim I — (1465 – 22 de septiembre de 1520; también conocido como «el Severo» o «el Valiente», Yavuz en turco) fue sultán del Imperio de Otomano desde 1512 a 1520. Destronó a su padre Beyazid II en 1512. La muerte de Beyazid se produjo muy poco después,… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Selim — Sèlim DEFINICIJA 1. v. 2. ime trojice osmanskih sultana (16. i 19. st.) ONOMASTIKA m. os. ime (musl.) pr.: Sélić (Zagreb, Slavonski Brod, v. i Sekula), Sèlimagić (Turopolje, Novi Marof, Rijeka), Selimánović (Županja, Split), Sèlimbegović (Rijeka …   Hrvatski jezični portal


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.