- Soutra Aisle
Soutra Aisle, just within the
Scottish Borders, not far from Fala, is the remains of the "House of the Holy Trinity", a church that was part of a complex comprising a hospital and a friary. It lies half a mile along the B6368from its junction with the A68.
The hospital was founded in 1164 by Malcolm "the Maiden", when he granted it the lands of Brotherstanes up to and including the lands of Lyndean. [ Huner, James, FSA (Scot)., "Fala and Soutra, including a History of the Ancient "Domus de Soltre", Edinburgh, 1892: 31-2]
The complex at Soutra was built close to the Via Regia, the main route from the North to the Borders Abbeys, the hospital was known as the House of the Holy Trinity, and was run by Augustinian Order and is believed to have been the largest hospital in mediæval
Scotland. In an extensive Supplication to Rome dated October 7, 1444 the whole status of the foundation and the purpose of the hospital is discussed, where it is stated that it was "the founders intention to found there a hospital for the reception of the poor rather than a religious place". Its description of the site says: "the church is built at the top of a hill near a public way where there often fierce winds and frequent cold spells".
Great Seal of Scotlandmentions Thomas Lauder(later Bishop of Dunkeld) as Master of the Hospital of Soutra on 26 February 1439 (no.226) and 20 May, 1444 (no.298). A Supplication to Rome in October 1444 states that he "had been Rector of the church or House of the Holy Trinity of Soltre, Diocese of Saint Andrews, for over seven years". He made one of the first grants (five shillings) towards the Foundation of the Collegiate Church of the Holy Trinity in Edinburgh, in 1462.
In addition to looking after the sick, the friars took in travellers and pilgrims travelling to shrines in the Borders and further afield. Being on the main route from the English Border, it was at Soutra that many of the instigators and victims of the
Wars of Scottish Independencewould have passed in both directions, seeking refuge at this lonely stop on the edge of the Border hill country.
The remote nature of Soutra's position reflects mediæval society's suspicion and fear of sickness and pestilence, yet its vicinity to one of the few major routes in southern Scotland at that time shows that it was an essential institution for the succour of the sick.Recent archaeological works have uncovered a wealth of information about the care that was available from the friars. Investigations into the ground thereat have revealed evidence of rare seeds of medicinal herbs such as
Henbane, Hemlock, and the non-native Opium Poppy.
Originally, the hospital was supported by the income from large monastic estates and contributions from wealthy patrons. Following the disgrace of Stephen Fleming, a Master of the Hospital, those estates entailed to the Hospital were confiscated by the Crown in the 1460s, and given to
Trinity College Hospitalin Edinburgh, leaving the establishment without income. The Hospital survived the reformationand struggled on until the seventeenth century, but succumbed eventually. Its stones quarried and now forming many of the walls and dykes in the surrounding area, and the complex returned to grazing land. The aisle itself survived by having been the burial place of the Pringles of Soutra, now of Torwoodlee, with a lintel above the entrance dating from 1688.
* Hunter, James, FSA (Scot)., "Fala and Soutra, including a History of the Ancient "Domus de Soltre", Edinburgh, 1892.
* Dunlop, Annie, MacLauchlan, David, & Cowan, Ian, editors, "Calendar of Scottish Supplications to Rome 1433-1447", vol. iv,
University of GlasgowPress, 1983, pps:266-7, no.1073. ISBN 0-852-61179-X
* cite web
work=Gazetteer for Scotland
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Aisle — For the term in United States politics, see Aisle (political term). An aisle at the Green Logistics Co., Kotka, Finland). An aisle is, in general, a space for walking with rows of seats on both sides or with rows of seats on one side and a wall… … Wikipedia
Fala and Soutra — FALA and SOUTRA, a parish, partly in the county of Haddington, but chiefly in that of Edinburgh containing, with part of the village of Faladam, 393 inhabitants, of whom 112 are in the village of Fala 8½ miles (S. E.) from Dalkeith. The name… … A Topographical dictionary of Scotland
Christian monasticism — Icon of Saint Anthony the Great, the founder of Christian monasticism. Christian monasticism is a practice which began to develop early in the history of the Christian Church, modeled upon scriptural examples and ideals, including those in the… … Wikipedia
Thomas Lauder — infobox bishopbiog name = Thomas Lauder religion=Roman Catholic Church See = Diocese of Dunkeld Title = Bishop of Dunkeld Period = 1452 ndash;1475 consecration = 1452 x 1455 Predecessor = John de Ralston Successor = James Livingston post = Master … Wikipedia
Fala, Midlothian — Fala, is a parish and hamlet in the south eastern corner of Midlothian, Scotland, and about 15 miles from Edinburgh.LocationThe parish is about five miles long from east to west, and one mile broad from north to south, and contains about 3120… … Wikipedia
Trinity College Kirk — was a royal collegiate church in Edinburgh, Scotland. The kirk and its adjacent almshouse, Trinity Hospital, were founded in 1460 by Mary of Gueldres in memory of her husband, King James II. Queen Mary was interred in the church, until her coffin … Wikipedia
Malcolm IV of Scotland — Malcolm IV (Máel Coluim mac Eanric) Malcolum Deo Rectore Rex Scottorum Malcolm, by God s Rule King of the Scots Mael Coluim Cennmor, mac Eanric, ardri Alban Malcolm the Great Chief, son of Henry, High King of Scotland Reign 24 May 1153 – 9… … Wikipedia
Trinity (disambiguation) — Trinity, in its general sense, can refer to any collection of three things. More specifically, it refers to:Religion*Trinity, the Christian concept of God as three persons *Trinity Sunday in Christian liturgy *Trimurti, the Hindu concept of God… … Wikipedia
List of places in Midlothian — This List of places in Midlothian is a list of links for any town, village, hamlet, castle, golf course, historic house, hillfort, lighthouse, nature reserve, reservoir, river, and other place of interest in Midlothian, Scotland, UK.compactTOC… … Wikipedia