Intellectual property in Romania

Intellectual property in Romania

Intellectual property law in Romania has developed significantly in the period since the Romanian Revolution of 1989 because of the need to enforce various regional and international treaties and agreements, such as the Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS), the European Directives on Biotechnological Inventions, on Trademarks and Geographical Indications, and on Supplementary protection certificates, the Trademark Law Treaty, the Patent Law Treaty, and the European Union regulation on the Community Trademark, and the need to harmonize domestic patent law with the European Patent Convention (EPC) and with the European Union.

The changes since 1989 cover virtually every aspect of IP law in Romania, including copyright and industrial property, including such relatively new considerations as integrated circuit topographies. The State Office for Inventions and Trademarks protects industrial property, and the Romanian Copyright Office protects copyright and related rights. [cite web |title=The National Strategy in the field of intellectual property (2003-2007) |publisher=Romanian State Office for Inventions and Trademarks (OSIM) |url= |accessdate=2008-02-24]


The first patent granted to a Romanian was in France in 1827 and the first Romanian patent was granted by a royal decree in 1864, during the period when Alexandru Ioan Cuza was prince of both Moldavia and Wallachia, uniting the two by a dynastic union. In 1879, the first trademark law was promulgated, [cite web |title=General Information |publisher=Romanian State Office for Inventions and Trademarks (OSIM)|url= |accessdate=2008-02-24] making Romania the seventh country to enact such a law. In 1906, the first patent law was promulgated and the Romanian Office for Industrial Property (now the Romanian State Office for Inventions and Trademarks, OSIM) was founded.

After the Romanian Revolution of 1989, Romania changed its legislation completely in the field of industrial property, which is now based on the mechanisms of the market economy and, generally speaking, harmonized with main international treaties and conventions.

International treaties, conventions and agreements signed by Romania

Romania is party to the following important treaties, conventions and agreements:

* Paris Convention for the Protection of Industrial Property—1920;
* WIPO Convention—1970;
* Patent Cooperation Treaty—1978;
* European Patent Convention (EPC);
* Madrid Agreement Concerning the International Registration of Marks—1927;
* Protocol Relating to the Madrid Agreement—1998;
* Hague Agreement Concerning the International Deposit of Industrial Designs—1992;
* Strasbourg, Nice, Vienna and Locarno Agreements on Classifications—1998;
* Trademark Law Treaty—1998;
* Budapest Treaty on the International Recognition of the Deposit of Microorganisms for the Purposes of Patent Procedure —2000;
* UPOV Convention—2001;
* Geneva Act of the Hague Agreement—2001.

In addition, Romania has been a member of the World Trade Organization since 1994.

Romania is additionally taking steps to harmonize its laws with the European Union. In this latter context, Romania has taken the major political decision to join the European Union in 2007.

See also

* European patent law
* European trade mark law


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Intellectual Property Office (United Kingdom) — The Intellectual Property Office of the United Kingdom (often The IPO) is, since 2 April 2007, the operating name of The Patent Office.[1] It is the official government body responsible for intellectual property rights in the UK and is an… …   Wikipedia

  • property law — Introduction       principles, policies, and rules by which disputes over property are to be resolved and by which property transactions may be structured. What distinguishes property law from other kinds of law is that property law deals with… …   Universalium

  • ROMANIA — ROMANIA, country in East Central and South East Europe, in the Carpatho Danubian region, north of the Balkan Peninsula, partly on the littoral of the Black Sea. The territory comprising Romania was known as Dacia in antiquity; Jewish tombstones,… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Romania — /roh may nee euh, mayn yeuh/, n. a republic in SE Europe, bordering on the Black Sea. 21,399,114; 91,699 sq. mi. (237,500 sq. km). Cap.: Bucharest. Romanian, România /rddaw mu nyah/. * * * Romania Introduction Romania Background: Soviet… …   Universalium

  • România — /rddaw mu nyah/; Eng. /roh may nee euh, mayn yeuh/, n. Romanian name of ROMANIA. * * * Romania Introduction Romania Background: Soviet occupation following World War II led to the formation of a Communist peoples republic in 1947 and the… …   Universalium

  • Paris Convention for the Protection of Industrial Property — The Paris Convention for the Protection of Industrial Property, signed in Paris, France, on March 20, 1883, was one of the first intellectual property treaties. It established a Union for the protection of industrial property. The Convention is… …   Wikipedia

  • Outline of Romania — The …   Wikipedia

  • National Industrial Property Institute (France) — The National Industrial Property Institute (INPI, standing for Institut national de la propriété industrielle in French) is the national intellectual property office of France, in charge of patents, trademarks and industrial design rights. Until… …   Wikipedia

  • National Industrial Property Institute (Portugal) — National Industrial Property Institute INPI Agency overview Formed 1976 Preceding agency Industrial Property Agency Head …   Wikipedia

  • Norwegian Industrial Property Office — The Norwegian Industrial Property Office (Norwegian Patent Office) Type Agency Headquarters Oslo, Norway Area served Norway Key people Jørgen Smith (Director) …   Wikipedia