- Superintendent (education)
In education in the United States, a superintendent (also known as a chief school administrator in many states) is an individual who has executive oversight and administration rights, usually within an educational entity or organization.
Many state departments of education in the United States refer to their senior administrator as superintendent. Generally, public school district superintendents are selected by a school board of a local school district. As chief executive officer of the public school, the superintendent has oversight for what is often one of the larger businesses within the community the district serves.
Most superintendents are members on the board of education (school board) of their school district, but they usually cannot vote as members of the board. While there are exceptions, many school districts now require, or desire, that their superintendent hold a doctoral degree. Depending on the state in which they serve, a public school superintendent might also be referred to as "chief education officer", or "chief executive officer". Most superintendents are hired by the board of education (or board of trustees), which is a governing entity of the district composed of elected officials from the communities the school district serves.
Current chief state school officers
State Head of education Elected Name Alabama Alabama Superintendent of Education No Dr. Joseph B. Morton Alaska Commissioner of Education No Larry LeDoux Arizona Arizona Superintendent of Public Instruction Yes John Huppenthal Arkansas Arkansas Commissioner of Education No Dr. Thomas Kimbrell California California Superintendent of Public Instruction Yes Tom Torlakson Colorado Colorado Commissioner of Education No Dwight D. Jones Connecticut Connecticut Commissioner of Education No Dr. Mark K. McQuillan Delaware Delaware Secretary of Education No Dr. Lillian Lowery District of Columbia Office of the State Superintendent of Education for the District of Columbia No Dr. Kerri L. Briggs Florida Florida Commissioner of Education No Dr. Eric J. Smith Georgia State Superintendent of Schools Yes William Bradley Bryant Hawaii Hawaii Superintendent of Education No Kathryn Matayoshi Idaho Idaho Superintendent of Education Yes Tom Luna Illinois Illinois Superintendent of Education No Dr. Christopher Koch Indiana Indiana Superintendent of Education Yes Dr. Tony Bennett Iowa Iowa Director of Education No Judy Jeffrey Kansas Kansas Interim Commissioner of Education No Dr. Diane DeBacker Kentucky Kentucky Commissioner of Education No Dr. Terry Holliday Louisiana Louisiana Superintendent of Education No Paul G. Pastorek Maine Maine Commissioner of Education No Susan A. Gendron Maryland Maryland Superintendent of Education No Dr. Nancy S. Grasmick Massachusetts Massachusetts Commissioner of Education No Mitchell D. Chester Michigan Michigan Superintendent of Public Instruction No Michael P. Flanagan Minnesota Minnesota Commissioner of Education No Alice Seagren Mississippi Mississippi Superintendent of Education No Dr. Tom Burnham Missouri Missouri Commissioner of Education No Dr. Chris L. Nicastro Montana Montana Superintendent of Public Instruction Yes Denise Juneau Nebraska Nebraska Commissioner of Education No Dr. Roger Breed Nevada Nevada Superintendent of Education No Dr. Keith Rheault New Hampshire New Hampshire Commissioner of Education No Virginia Barry New Jersey New Jersey Commissioner of Education No Bret Schundler New Mexico New Mexico Secretary of Education No Dr. Veronica García New York New York Commissioner of Education No David Steiner North Carolina North Carolina Superintendent of Public Instruction Yes June St. Clair Atkinson North Dakota North Dakota Superintendent of Public Instruction Yes Dr. Wayne G. Sanstead Ohio Ohio Superintendent of Public Instruction No Deborah S. Delisle Oklahoma Oklahoma Superintendent of Public Instruction Yes Sandy Garrett Oregon Oregon Superintendent of Public Instruction Yes Susan Castillo Pennsylvania Pennsylvania Secretary of Education No Dr. Gerald L. Zahorchak Rhode Island Rhode Island Commissioner of Education No Deborah A. Gist South Carolina South Carolina Superintendent of Education Yes Jim Rex South Dakota South Dakota Director of Education No Thomas J. Oster Tennessee Tennessee Commissioner of Education No Dr. Timothy K. Webb Texas Texas Commissioner of Education No Robert Scott Utah Utah Superintendent of Public Instruction No Larry Shumway Vermont Vermont Commissioner of Education No Armando Vilaseca Virginia Virginia Superintendent of Public Instruction No Dr. Patricia I. Wright Washington Washington Superintendent of Public Instruction Yes Randy Dorn West Virginia West Virginia Superintendent of Education No Dr. Steven L. Paine Wisconsin Wisconsin Superintendent of Public Instruction Yes Dr. Tony Evers Wyoming Wyoming Superintendent of Public Instruction Yes Dr. James M. McBride American Samoa American Samoa Director of Education N/A Dr. Claire Tuia Poumele Guam Guam Superintendent of Education N/A Dr. Nerissa Bretania-Underwood Puerto Rico Puerto Rico Secretary of Education N/A Carlos Chardon U.S. Virgin Islands U.S. Virgin Islands Acting Commissioner of Education N/A Dr. Laverne Terry
The term 'superintendent' is rarely used for education in the United Kingdom (possibly to avoid confusion with the police rank); in most Local Education Authorities the equivalent title is Chief Education Officer. According to the history of the school (published in 1985), in 1885, when the Church Schools Company took over a school to form Newcastle High School, later Newcastle upon Tyne Church High School, the mistress of the former school was briefly considered for the post of Lady Superintendent, below the headmistress.
- Board of education
- Head teacher
- School district
- Superintendent of Public Instruction
- ^ Office of the State Superintendent of Education for the District of Columbia official website. Retrieved 7/2/08.
- ^ Kentucky Commissioner of Education official website. Retrieved 9/30/10.
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