- Simon Ockley
Simon Ockley (1678 –
August 9, 1720), was a British Orientalist.
Ockley was born at Exeter. He was educated at
Queens' College, Cambridge, and graduated B.A. in 1697, MA. in 1701, and B.D. in 1710; he became fellow of Jesus College and vicar of Swavesey, and in 1711 was chosen Adams Professor of Arabicin the university. He had a large family, and his latter days were embittered by pecuniary embarrassments, which form the subject of a chapter in Isaac D'Israeli's "Calamities of Authors".
The preface to the second volume of his "
History of the Saracens" is dated from Cambridge Castle, where he lay a prisoner for debt.
Ockley maintained that a knowledge of Oriental literature was essential to the proper study of theology, and in the preface to his first book, the "
Introductio ad linguas orientates" (1706), he urges the importance of the study.
He died at
The History of the Saracens", is his main work. It was published in two volumes, 1708-1718, and long enjoyed a great reputation; unfortunately Ockley took as his main authority an MS. in the Bodleian of Pseudo- Al-Waqidi's "Futúh al-Shám", which is rather historical romance than history. [http://www.bartleby.com/220/1202.html]
* A translation of
Leon Modena's "History of the Persian Jews throughout the World" (1707).
*"The Improvement of Human Reason, exhibited in the Life of Hai Ebn Yokdhan" (1708), an English translation of "
Hayy ibn Yaqdhan", a philosophical fiction work by Ibn Tufayl.
* Translated from Arabic the "Second Book of Esdras"
* "Sentences of Ali son-in-law of Mahomet, and his fourth successor." Translated from an authentick Arabick manuscript in the Bodleian library at Oxford, by Simon Ockley. London, B. Lintot, 1717.
* [http://64.1911encyclopedia.org/O/OC/OCKLEY_SIMON.htm Simon Ockley article from the 1911 Encyclopedia]
* [http://www.dinsdoc.com/ockley-1-0.htm Full Text of "History of the Saracens"]
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