Simon Ockley


Simon Ockley

Simon Ockley (1678 – August 9, 1720), was a British Orientalist.

Biography

Ockley was born at Exeter. He was educated at Queens' College, Cambridge, and graduated B.A. in 1697, MA. in 1701, and B.D. in 1710; he became fellow of Jesus College and vicar of Swavesey, and in 1711 was chosen Adams Professor of Arabic in the university. He had a large family, and his latter days were embittered by pecuniary embarrassments, which form the subject of a chapter in Isaac D'Israeli's "Calamities of Authors".

The preface to the second volume of his "History of the Saracens" is dated from Cambridge Castle, where he lay a prisoner for debt.

Ockley maintained that a knowledge of Oriental literature was essential to the proper study of theology, and in the preface to his first book, the "Introductio ad linguas orientates" (1706), he urges the importance of the study.

He died at Swavesey.

Works

*"The History of the Saracens", is his main work. It was published in two volumes, 1708-1718, and long enjoyed a great reputation; unfortunately Ockley took as his main authority an MS. in the Bodleian of Pseudo-Al-Waqidi's "Futúh al-Shám", which is rather historical romance than history. [http://www.bartleby.com/220/1202.html]
* A translation of Leon Modena's "History of the Persian Jews throughout the World" (1707).
*"The Improvement of Human Reason, exhibited in the Life of Hai Ebn Yokdhan" (1708), an English translation of "Hayy ibn Yaqdhan", a philosophical fiction work by Ibn Tufayl.
* Translated from Arabic the "Second Book of Esdras"
* "Sentences of Ali son-in-law of Mahomet, and his fourth successor." Translated from an authentick Arabick manuscript in the Bodleian library at Oxford, by Simon Ockley. London, B. Lintot, 1717.

Resources

* [http://64.1911encyclopedia.org/O/OC/OCKLEY_SIMON.htm Simon Ockley article from the 1911 Encyclopedia]
* [http://www.dinsdoc.com/ockley-1-0.htm Full Text of "History of the Saracens"]


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Ockley (disambiguation) — Ockley is a village in Surrey, England. Ockley may also refer to: Ockley, Indiana, a town in Indiana, United States Ockley railway station People with the surname Simon Ockley (1678 1720), British academic This disambigu …   Wikipedia

  • OCKLEY, SIMON —    Orientalist, became professor of Arabic; wrote a History of the Saracens, part of it in a debtors prison; died in indigence (1678 1720) …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Ockley, Simon — (1678 1720)    Orientalist, b. at Exeter, and ed. at Camb., became the greatest Orientalist of his day, and was made in 1711 Prof. of Arabic in his Univ. His chief work is the Conquest of Syria, Persia, and Egypt by the Saracens (3 vols., 1708… …   Short biographical dictionary of English literature

  • The History of the Saracens — Infobox Book name = The History of the Saracens image caption = author = Simon Ockley cover artist = country = Great Britain language = English subject = Caliphs Islamic Empire [ [http://catalog.loc.gov/cgi bin/Pwebrecon.cgi?v3=1 ti=1,1… …   Wikipedia

  • Hayy ibn Yaqdhan — Ḥayy ibn Yaqẓān ( ar. حي بن يقظان Alive, son of Awake ; la. Philosophus Autodidactus The Self Taught Philosopher ; English: The Improvement of Human Reason: Exhibited in the Life of Hai Ebn Yokdhan ) was the first Arabic novel and the first… …   Wikipedia

  • Ibn Tufail — Infobox Muslim scholars | notability = Muslim scholar| era = Islamic Golden Age | color = #cef2e0 | | image caption = | | name = Abu Bakr Muhammad ibn Abd al Malik ibn Muhammad ibn Tufail al Qaisi al Andalusi | title= Ibn Tufail Abubacer Aben… …   Wikipedia

  • Muhammad — For other persons named Muhammad, see Muhammad (name). For other uses, see Muhammad (disambiguation). Prophet Muhammad Prophet, Messenger, Apostle, Witness, Bearer of Good Tidings, Warne …   Wikipedia

  • Desert island — A desert island in Palau. A desert island or uninhabited island is an island that has yet to be (or is not currently) populated by humans. Uninhabited islands are often used in movies or stories about shipwrecked people, and are also used as… …   Wikipedia

  • Non-Muslim view of Ali — This is a sub article to Non Muslim Islamic scholars and Ali. Some non Muslim scholars reject all hadith as fabrications, which colors their views. Others, like Wilferd Madelung, accept the hadith literature. A few of them, like Lammens, hold a… …   Wikipedia

  • People reported to be born in the Kaaba — This is a subarticle to reports of unusual religious childbirths and Kaaba.Muslim sources report of an early Muslim being born in the Kaaba, the cubical structure that is the focus of a Muslim s daily prayers and the holiest structure in Islam.… …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.