- Massimo Campigli
Massimo Campigli (July 4, 1895 – May 31, 1971), born Max Ihlenfeld, was an Italian painter and journalist.
He was born in Berlin, but spent most of his childhood in Florence. His family moved to Milan in 1909, and here he worked on the Letteratura magazine, frequenting avant-garde circles and making the acquaintance of Boccioni and Carrà. In 1914 the Futurist magazine Lacerba published his "Giornale + Strada – Parole in libertà" ("Journal + Road – Free speech"). During World War I Campigli was captured and deported to Hungary where he remained a prisoner of war from 1916–18.
At the end of the war he moved to Paris where he worked as foreign correspondent for the Milanese daily newspaper Corriere della Sera. Although he had already produced some drawings during the war, it was only after he arrived in Paris that he started to paint. At the Café du Dôme he consorted with artists including Giorgio de Chirico, Alberto Savinio, Gino Severini and Filippo De Pisis. Extended visits to the Louvre deepened Campigli's interest in ancient Egyptian art, which became a lasting source of his own painting.
In 1923, he organised his first personal exhibition at the Bragaglia Gallery in Rome. During the next five years his figures developed a monumental quality, often with stylised poses and the limbs interwoven into a sculptural solidity. The importance given to order and tradition, the atmosphere of serenity and eternity were in line with the post-war reconstruction and the programme of the “Twentieth Century” artists with whom Campigli frequently exhibited both in Milan from 1926–29 and abroad from 1927–31.
As from 1926, he joined the "Paris Italians" together with Giorgio de Chirico, Filippo de Pisis, Renato Paresce, Savinio, Severini and Mario Tozzi. In 1928, year of his debut at the Venice Biennial, he was very much taken by the Etruscan collection when visiting the National Etruscan Museum in Rome. He then broke away from the compact severity of his previous works in favour of a plane with subdued tones and schematic forms rich in archaisms.
During a journey in Romania with his first wife Magdalena Rădulescu, he started a new cycle of works portraying women employed in domestic tasks and agricultural labour. These figures were arranged in asymmetrical and hieratic compositions, hovering on a rough textured plane, inspired by ancient fresco. These works were enthusiastically received by the critics at the exhibition held in the Jeanne Bucher gallery, Paris, in 1929 and at the Milione Gallery, Milan, in 1931. During the ‘thirties he held a series of solo exhibitions in New York, Paris and Milan which brought him international acclaim.
In 1933 Campigli returned to Milan where he worked on projects of vast dimensions. In the same year he signed Mario Sironi’s Mural Art Manifesto and painted a fresco of mothers, country-women, working women, for the V Milan Triennial which unfortunately was later destroyed. In the following ten years other works were commissioned: I costruttori ("The builders") for the Geneva League of Nations in 1937; Non uccidere ("Do not kill") for the Milan Courts of Justice in 1938, an enormous 300 square metre fresco for the entrance hall, designed by Gio Ponti, of the Liviano, Padua which he painted during 1939–40.
After divorcing in 1939, Campigli remarried with the sculptress Giuditta Scalini. Together they passed the war years in Milan and in Venice, then after the war they divided their time between Rome, Paris and Saint-Tropez. In 1943, his son Nicola was born in Venice.
In a personal exhibition at the Venice Biennial in 1948 he displayed his new compositions: female figures inserted in complicated architectonic structures. During the 60s his figures were reduced to coloured markings in a group of almost abstract canvasses. In 1967 a retrospective exhibition was dedicated to Campigli at the Palazzo Reale in Milan. He died in 1971 in Saint-Tropez.
- Sito ufficiale
- (Video Un'ora con Massimo Campigli, Incontri, RAI 1969)
- (Video Massimo Campigli il grande solitario, prodotto dalla 3M Italia a cura di Nicola Campigli)
- The State Hermitage Museum
- Museo d'Arte moderna e contemporanea di Trento e Rovereto
- Camera dei deputati Roma
- Xseven Art
- "Scrupoli" di Massimo Campigli E_Book
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Massimo Campigli — Massimo Campigli, de son véritable nom Max Hilenfeld, (Berlin, 4 juillet 1895 Saint Tropez, 3 mai 1971) est un peintre italien. Sommaire 1 Biographie 2 Peintures 3 … Wikipédia en Français
Massimo Campigli — (* 4. Juli 1895 als „Max Ihlenfeld“ in Berlin; † 31. Mai 1971 in Saint Tropez, Frankreich) war ein deutsch italienischer Journalist, Maler und Grafiker, der unter anderem dem Kubismus zuzuordnen ist. Nachdem er den größten Teil seiner Kindheit… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Campigli — Massimo Campigli (* 4. Juli 1895 als „Max Ihlenfeld“ in Berlin; † 31. Mai 1971 in Saint Tropez, Frankreich) war ein deutsch italienischer Journalist, Maler und Grafiker, der unter anderem dem Kubismus zuzuordnen ist. Nachdem er den größten Teil… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Campigli — Campigli, Massimo … Enciclopedia Universal
Campigli — [kam piʎʎi], Massimo, italienischer Maler, * Florenz 4. 7. 1895, ✝ Saint Tropez 31. 5. 1971; ließ sich von der etruskischen Kunst zu streng stilisierten, idolhaften Figuren inspirieren, die frontal dargestellt sind. Der Farbauftrag hat die… … Universal-Lexikon
Campigli, Massimo — ► (1895 1971) Pintor italiano. Se formó en contacto con el simbolismo. La luz clara y fría acentúa la elegancia del color de sus cuadros: Las amazonas … Enciclopedia Universal
Campigli, Massimo — pseud. di Ihlenfeld, Max … Sinonimi e Contrari. Terza edizione
Max Ihlenfeld — Massimo Campigli (* 4. Juli 1895 als „Max Ihlenfeld“ in Berlin; † 31. Mai 1971 in Saint Tropez, Frankreich) war ein deutsch italienischer Journalist, Maler und Grafiker, der unter anderem dem Kubismus zuzuordnen ist. Nachdem er den größten Teil… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Καμπίλι, Μάσιμο — (Massimo Campigli, Φλωρεντία 1895 – Παρίσι 1971). Ιταλός ζωγράφος. Αυτοδίδακτος, συνεργάστηκε στα νιάτα του με το περιοδικό Lacerba, δημοσιεύοντας κείμενα και σχέδια. Από το 1919 έως το 1939 έζησε στο Παρίσι και διαμορφώθηκε ως καλλιτέχνης από… … Dictionary of Greek
Liste der Biografien/Cam–Can — Biografien: A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q … Deutsch Wikipedia