Superclusters are large groupings of smaller galaxy groups and clusters, and are among the largest structures of the
The existence of superclusters indicates that the galaxies in our
Universeare not uniformly distributed; most of them are drawn together in groups and clusters, with groups containing up to 50 galaxies and clusters up to several thousand. Those groups and clusters and additional isolated galaxies in turn form even larger structures called superclusters.
Once thought to be the largest structures in nature, superclusters are now understood to be subordinate to enormous walls or sheets, sometimes called "super cluster complexes", that can span a billion
light-years in length, more than 5% of the observable universe. Super clusters themselves can span several hundred million light-years. The typical speed of a galaxy is about 1000 km/s. Hubble's lawimplies that typical galaxies would only move about 30 million light-years at that speed in a Hubble time of 1/H, which is approximately the age of the universe. While this is a huge distance in human terms, it is much smaller than the size of super clusters. In an expanding universe, saying that the distance "d" an object has moved equals its present velocity "v" times the elapsed time "t" underestimates "d" when "t" is not small compared to 1/H. The calculation above still gives some idea of how long it would take the normal movements of galaxies to form or obliterate these structures, and thus indicates their great age. When we observe super clusters and larger structures today, we learn about the condition of the universe when these super clusters were created. The directions of the rotational axes of galaxies within super clusters also gives us insight into the formation process of galaxies early in the history of the Universe.cite journal
author=Hu, F. X.; Wu, G. X.; Song, G. X.; Yuan, Q. R.; Okamura, S.
title=Orientation of Galaxies in the Local Supercluster: A Review
journal=Astrophysics and Space Science
url=http://adsabs.harvard.edu/cgi-bin/nph-bib_query?bibcode=2006Ap%26SS.302...43H | doi = 10.1007/s10509-005-9006-7 ] No clusters of super clusters (“hyperclusters”) are known, and the existence of structures larger than superclusters is debated (see
Galaxy filament). Interspersed among super clusters are large voids of space in which few galaxies exist. Even though superclusters are the largest structures confirmed, the total number of superclusters leaves possibilities for structural distribution; the total number of super clusters in the universe is believed to be close to 10 million.
Super clusters are frequently subdivided into groups of clusters called
List of superclusters
Large-scale structure of the cosmos
Galaxy groups and clusters
* [http://www.atlasoftheuniverse.com/superc.html Overview of local superclusters]
* [http://www.atlasoftheuniverse.com/nearsc.html The Nearest Superclusters]
* [http://www.astro.uu.nl/~strous/AA/en/boom/supercluster.html Universe family tree: Supercluster]
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Look at other dictionaries:
supercluster — [so͞o′pər klus΄tər] n. a massive group of neighboring clusters of galaxies … English World dictionary
supercluster — noun An extended group of clusters of galaxies Syn: galaxy supercluster, supercluster of galaxies, SC See Also: cluster of galaxies, galaxy cluster … Wiktionary
supercluster — noun Date: 1926 a group of gravitationally associated clusters of galaxies … New Collegiate Dictionary
supercluster — /sooh peuhr klus teuhr/, n. Astron. a cluster of open clusters. [1925 30; SUPER + CLUSTER] * * * … Universalium
supercluster — su·per·cluster … English syllables
supercluster — ˌ noun Etymology: super + cluster (I) : a group of gravitationally associated clusters of galaxies … Useful english dictionary
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