Canadian Ukrainian

Canadian Ukrainian

name=Canadian Ukrainian
nativename=украї́нська мо́ва "ukrayins'ka mova"
regions=mostly the Prairie Provinces, especially in the historical Ukrainian Bloc Settlement
speakers=Canada 148,090 - 175,000
rank in Canada=12
fam4=East Slavic
fam5=Ukrainian Dialects

Canadian Ukrainian (Ukrainian: украї́нська мо́ва, "ukrayins'ka mova", IPA | [ukraˈjinsʲka ˈmɔva] ) is a variety (considered also as a dialect by some linguists) of the Ukrainian language specific to the Ukrainian Canadian community descended from the first two waves of historical Ukrainian emigration to Western Canada.

Canadian Ukrainian was widely spoken from the beginning of Ukrainian settlement in Canada in 1892 until the mid-20th century. Because Ukrainian Canadians are largely descended from emigrants from the Austro-Hungarian provinces of Galicia and Bukovina it is most similar to the dialects spoken in these areas, not in the Russian Empire- administered areas where Ukrainian was spoken. As such Canadian Ukrainian contains many more loanwords from Polish, German, and Romanian, and fewer from Russian, than does modern standard Ukrainian, which is mostly based on the dialect spoken in central Ukraine, particularly in the Cherkasy, Poltava and Kiev areas.

The first two waves of immigrants (1882—1914, 1918—1939) spoke the dialects of what is now western Ukraine, but they were cut off from their co-linguists by wars and social changes, and half the globe. Ukrainophones in Canada were also exposed to speakers of many other languages in Canada, especially English. As well, the mostly impoverished peasants were introduced to many new technologies and concepts, for which they had no words. Consequently Canadian Ukrainian began to develop in new directions from the language in the "Old Country".

Prior to the First World War the Anglo-Canadian authorities in many areas did allow some Ukrainian-language instruction in public schools, as minority language rights had been given a degree of protection early in the history of the West, during the Manitoba Schools Question. However, during the war era nativist attitudes came to the fore and all minority language rights were revoked. Speaking Ukrainian in school was expressly forbidden by Anglo-Canadian authorities for most of the mid-20th Century. Ukrainian would not again be spoken in Western Canadian public schools until policy of multiculturalism became official in the 1960s.

Economically, Ukrainian speakers in Canada tended to lag behind others because of the need for English in most fields of labour. Ukrainians also faced ridicule and intimidation from some in the majority community for not speaking English only, particularly if they moved outside the majority ethnic-Ukrainian rural Bloc Settlements. Those migrating to other rural areas or from the countryside to nearby cities such as Edmonton and Winnipeg were often quicker to lose their language. Ukrainian became associated with rural backwardness and went into decline.

In the present day, the number of speakers in Canada is still declining. Now, however, official policy is much more sympathetic. There are Ukrainian language schools, and Ukrainian is taught in public and Catholic elementary and high schools and Universities across Western Canada.

More recent Ukrainian immigrants to Canada, after the Second World War, generally do not speak Canadian Ukrainian.


As of the Canada 2001 Census, 148,085 people in Canada claimed Ukrainian as their sole "mother tongue", the dialect was not specified.

While the largest Ukrainian speaking population resides in Ontario, there Ukrainophones are a small percentage of the population, whereas on the Prairies the percentage is much higher. Very few Ukrainian speakers live in Atlantic or Northern Canada.



This poem about the Canadian Red Ensign comes from a буквар ("bukvar", "basal reader") published in Winnipeg in 1925.

External links

* [ UCC]

* [ oseredok]

* [ Dictionary of Ukrainian Canadian] terms used in East-Central Alberta in the 1920s, compiled and used by the Ukrainian Cultural Heritage Village.

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

См. также в других словарях:

  • Canadian Ukrainian Immigrant Aid Society — The Canadian Ukrainian Immigrant Aid Society ( also know as CUIAS, and CUIAS Immigrant Services) is a non profit social and human service agency in Toronto, Canada. Its current activities include immigration consultation, settlement services and… …   Wikipedia

  • Ukrainian dialects — Ukrainian dialectsA dialect is a territorial, professional or social variant of a standard literary language. In Ukrainian there are 3 major dialectical groups according to territory: the south western group, south eastern group and the northern… …   Wikipedia

  • Canadian (disambiguation) — Canadian usually means a person or thing from Canada. It can also refer to:People*White Canadian *Black Canadian *Indo Canadian *Dutch Canadian *English Canadian *Scottish Canadian *Irish Canadian *Welsh Canadian *French Canadian *Native Canadian …   Wikipedia

  • Ukrainian Canadian — Infobox Ethnic group group = Ukrainian Canadian poptime = 1,209,085 3.9% of the Canadian Population popplace = Western Canada, Ontario, British Columbia langs = English, Ukrainian (particularly Canadian Ukrainian) rels = Ukrainian Catholic,… …   Wikipedia

  • Ukrainian Canadian internment — The Ukrainian Canadian internment was part of the confinement of enemy aliens in Canada during and for 2 years after the end of World War I, lasting from 1914 to 1920. About 5,000 Ukrainian men of Austro Hungarian citizenship were kept in twenty… …   Wikipedia

  • Ukrainian language — Infobox Language name=Ukrainian nativename=українська мова ukrayins ka mova pronunciation= [ukrɑˈjinʲsʲkɑ ˈmɔʋɑ] states=See article speakers=39 million|rank=26 Spoken in= Ukraine, Moldova, Vojvodina, USA, Brazil, Portugal. familycolor=Indo… …   Wikipedia

  • Ukrainian culture — Part of a series on Ukrainians …   Wikipedia

  • Canadian Museum for Human Rights — Location Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada, at the historic Forks Website …   Wikipedia

  • Ukrainian cuisine — has significant diversity, historical traditions. Cuisine Flavors and Colors of Ukrainian Culture. ] Accessed July 2011.</ref> Common foods used include meats, vegetables, mushrooms, fruits, berries and herbs.[1][2] In Ukraine …   Wikipedia

  • Ukrainian Insurgent Army — Українська Повстанська Армія Ukrayins’ka Povstans’ka Armiya Participant in World War II …   Wikipedia

Поделиться ссылкой на выделенное

Прямая ссылка:
Нажмите правой клавишей мыши и выберите «Копировать ссылку»