Vestey Group


Vestey Group

The Vestey Group (Vestey Group Ltd) (formerly Vestey Brothers) is a privately owned UK group of companies, comprised of an international food product business (that includes meats, dairy products, frozen vegetables, bakery products, food services and trading) and significant cattle ranching and sugar cane farming interests in Brazil and Venezuela.

Business Origins

William Vestey (later Lord Vestey) and his younger brother Edmund (later Sir Edmund) established the Vestey empire in 1897 from a family butchery business in Liverpool. They were a pioneer of refrigeration, opening a cold store in London in 1895.

The Vestey brothers were initially sent to South America in an attempt to make their fortune because the economy there was booming. They started by buying game birds and storing them in the cold stores of American companies before shipping them to Liverpool.

International expansion

These early activities soon developed into importing beef and beef products into the UK, which in turn led to them owning cattle ranches in Brazil, Venezuela and Australia and their own meat processing factories in Argentina, Uruguay, New Zealand and Australia (in 1914 Vestey Brothers built a meat processing works at Bullocky Point, Darwin, Australia, but closed its operations in 1920 after the Darwin Rebellion).

In 1915 the brothers, after being refused a request for income tax exemption made to David Lloyd George, moved to Buenos Aires to avoid paying income tax in the UK. The family later administered the business through a Paris trust that enabled it to legally avoid UK tax until the loophole was closed in 1991 [ [http://www.guardian.co.uk/g2/story/0,,278717,00.html Heirs and disgraces] , "Guardian", Aug 11, 1999] .

Vestey Brothers also developed a business importing eggs from China, and during World War II they were a major importer of powdered eggs.

It is said that by 1930 Vesteys had 30,000 employees world wide and a net value of 300,000 pounds.

hipping

To ship the meat back to the UK the Vesteys created their own shipping company, the Blue Star Line. Their first two ships ("Pakeha" renamed "Broderick", and "Rangatira" renamed "Brodmore") were bought in 1909, and the company registered on July 28 1911 in London and Liverpool with a capital of 100,000 pounds.

The line owned a number of refrigerated ships (Reefers), and business later expanded to countries as far apart as Egypt and China, carrying passengers in addition to various foodstuffs. Blue Star was finally sold to P&O Nedlloyd for 60,000,000 GBP in 1998, although most of the refrigerated ships were retained by Vestey's Albion Reefers subsidiary, which later merged with Hamburg Sud to form Star Reefers, finally sold off in July 2001.

UK developments

In the course of their expansion, Vestey bought a number of other companies, acquiring Oxo and London's Oxo Tower through the purchase of the Liebig Extract of Meat Company.

In the middle of the 20th century, Vestey companies dominated the UK wholesale and retail meat trade, selling refrigerated and canned meats, as well as leather and other by-products. Having saved cash reserves for the purpose, they entered into a price war with the US owned importers to largely drive them from the UK market. Vestey developed the country-wide "Dewhurst" chain of butchers shops, which was eventually disbanded in 1995 in the face of increasing competition from the supermarket chains. Dewhurst were the first to introduce the innovation of glass windows on butcher's shops - previously meat had been exposed to the elements and pollution.

Involvement overseas

The Vestey Group had acquired a large amount of land in Australia, and using the Australian Aboriginal people as cheap labour. This sparked the Gurindji strike in 1966, where the Group was forced seven years later by Gough Whitlam's government to return part of the land they owned to its indigenous owners.

Similar events took place in Venezuela, when in 2005, Venezuelan troops occupied a cattle ranch owned by the Vestey Group, under a 2001 land use reform programme instituted by the Hugo Chávez government. In March 2006, the Group reached an agreement with the Venezuelan government, ceding two ranches to the state while retaining ownership of eight [Vestey gives up ranches in 'land grab', "The Telegraph", March 23, 2006] .

Current situation

After a period of major restructuring in the late 1990s, Vestey Group today consists of [http://www.angliss-international.com Angliss International] and significant cattle ranching and sugar cane farming interests in Brazil and Venezuela.

Lord (Sam) Vestey, born 19 March 1941 is the great grandson of 1st Lord Vestey, and the current head of the family and Chairman of the Group. He owns the 6,000 acre (24 km²) Stowell Park Estate at Stowell Park, Gloucestershire, valued at £15,000,000 as well as a villa in Nice and a Townhouse in Belgravia.

The Vesteys endowed the Vestey Professorship of Food Safety and Veterinary Public Health at the Royal Veterinary College, University of London.

Main subsidiaries

* [http://www.vesteyfoods.com Vestey Foods Group]
* [http://www.classicfinefoods.com Classic Fine Foods]
* [http://www.agroflora.com Agropecuraria Flora]

Former subsidiaries

*The Blue Star Line was sold to P&O Nedlloyd for 60,000,000 GBP in 1998.
*Blue Star Ship Management Ltd
*Dewhurst butchers - disbanded 1995
*Union Cold Storage Company
* [http://www.bluestarline.org Blue Star Line]

References

Guardian, March 12, 2000


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