- Stationers' Register
The Stationers' Register was a record book maintained by the Stationers' Company of London. The company is a trade guild given a royal charter in 1557 to regulate the various professions associated with the publishing industry, including printers, bookbinders, booksellers, and publishers in
England. The Register itself allowed publishers to document their right to produce a particular printed work, and constituted an early form of copyrightlaw. The Company's charter gave it the right to seize illicit editions and bar the publication of unlicensed books.
For the study of English literature of the later sixteenth and the seventeenth centuries—for the
Elizabethan era, the Jacobean era, the Caroline era, and especially for English Renaissance theatre—the Stationers' Register is a crucial and essential resource: it provides factual information and hard data that is available nowhere else. Together with the records of the Master of the Revels(which relate to dramatic performance rather than publication), the Stationers' Register supplies many of the certain facts scholars possess on the works of William Shakespeare, Ben Jonson, and all of their immediate predecessors, contemporaries, and successors. [Chambers, "Elizabethan Stage," Vol. 3, pp. 164-77.]
By paying a fee of 4 to 6 pence, a bookseller could register his right to publish a given work. One example: the Stationers' Register reveals that on November 26, 1607, the stationers John Busby and Nathaniel Butter claimed the right to print "A booke called Master William Shakespeare his historye of Kinge Lear, as yt was played before the Kinges maiestie at Whitehall vppon Sainct Stephens night at Christmas Last, by his maiesties servantes playinge vsually at the Globe on the Banksyde." (They paid sixpence.) [Halliday, "Shakespeare Companion," pp. 265 and 474.]
Enforcement of regulations in this historical era was never as thorough as in the modern world; books were sometimes published without registration, and other irregulairites also occurred. In some cases, the companies of actors appear to have registered plays through co-operative stationers, with the express purpose of forestalling the publication of a play when publication was not in their interest. ["
Much Ado About Nothing," "Henry V," " As You Like It," and " Every Man in His Humour" were registered, apparently for such a purpose ("to be stayed"), on August 4, 1600. Yet if this interpretation is correct, the strategy to forestall publication had limited success; the first two plays were published later in 1600, and the last in 1601. Only "As You Like It" remained out of print at the time. Chambers, Vol. 3, p. 359; Halliday, pp. 216, 326.]
In 1710, the Copyright Act or
Statute of Anneentered into force, superseding company provisions pertaining to the Register. The company continued to offer some form of registration of works until February 2000.
* Arber, Edward, ed. "A Transcript of the Registers of the Company of Stationers of London 1554–1640 A.D." 5 Volumes, London, privately printed, 1875–94.
* Chambers, E. K. "The Elizabethan Stage." 4 Volumes, Oxford, Clarendon Press, 1923.
* Eyre, G. E. B., and G. R. Rivington, eds. "A Transcript of the Registers of the Worshipful Company of Stationers from 1640–1708." 3 Volumes, London, privately printed, 1913–14.
* Greg, W. W., and E. Boswell, eds. "Records of the Court of the Stationer's Company, 1576 to 1602." London, The Bibliographical Society, 1930.
* Halliday, F. E. "A Shakespeare Companion 1564–1964." Baltimore, Penguin, 1964.
* Jackson, William A., ed. "Records of the Court of the Stationers' Company 1602 to 1640." London, The Bibliographical Society, 1957.
* [http://www.stationers.org/index.asp The Stationers' and Newspaper Makers' Company] Official site of the Stationers' Company in its current incarnation.
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Stationers' Company — (engl., spr. ßtēsch nörs kömmpĕnĭ), »Buchhändlergilde«, eine seit 1403 in London bestehende, seit 1557 mit Korporationsrechten und wichtigen Privilegien ausgestattete Vereinigung der stationarii, d. h. der Personen, welche die Herstellung und den … Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon
STATIONERS' HALL — the hall of the old Company of London Stationers, incorporated in 1557, who enjoyed till the Copyright Act of 1842 the sole right of having registered at their offices every pamphlet, book, and ballad published in the kingdom. Although no… … The Nuttall Encyclopaedia
stationers' hall — In old English law, the hall of the stationers company, at which every person claiming copyright in a book must register his title, in order to be able to bring actions against persons infringing it … Black's law dictionary
Worshipful Company of Stationers and Newspaper Makers — The Stationers Company Mark The Worshipful Company of Stationers and Newspaper Makers (better known as the Stationers Company) is one of the Livery Companies of the City of London. The Stationers Company was founded in 1403; it received a Royal… … Wikipedia
Регистр Гильдии книгопечатников и издателей — (Stationers Register) Во времена Шекспира печать и публикация были монополией Гильдии книгопечатников и издателей. Члены Гильдии, желавшие напечатать книгу, должны были включить ее название в Регистр, и, заплатив определенную сумму, они получали… … Шекспировская энциклопедия
Chronology of Shakespeare's plays — This article presents a possible chronological listing of the plays of William Shakespeare. Contents 1 Difficulty of creating a precise chronology 2 Chronology 3 Plays by Shakespeare … Wikipedia
Chronology of Shakespeare's plays – Oxfordian — The precise Chronology of Shakespeare s plays as they were first written is impossible to determine, as there is no authoritative record, and many of the plays were performed many years before they were published. In fact, many of Shakespeare s… … Wikipedia
John Warburton (officer of arms) — John Warburton (1682 1759) was Somerset Herald of Arms in Ordinary at the College of Arms in the early 18th century. Warburton was a collector of old drama manuscripts, who is perhaps most notable because of his carelessness. On one occasion, he… … Wikipedia
Thomas Creede — (fl. 1593 ndash; 1617) was a printer of the Elizabethan and Jacobean eras, rated as one of the best of his time. [Halliday, p. 120.] Based in London, he conducted his business under the sign of the Catherine Wheel in Thames Street from 1593 to… … Wikipedia
Thomas Millington — (fl. 1591 ndash; 1603) was a London publisher of the Elizabethan era, who published first editions of three Shakespearean plays. He has been called a stationer of dubious reputation [F. E. Halliday, A Shakespeare Companion 1564 ndash;1964,… … Wikipedia