- Prince Michael Street
Prince Michael Street ( _sr. Улица Кнез Михаилова; Ulica Knez Mihailova) is the main walking street in
Belgrade, the capital of Serbia. It is a pedestrian zone and shopping center, protected by law as one of the oldest and most valuable landmarks of the city. It has a large number of impressive buildings and mansions built at the end of 1870's.
The street follows the central grid layout of the Roman city of
Singidunum. During the time of Turks, there were gardens, drinking-fountains and mosques along its lengths. In the middle of the XIX century, the upper part of the street bordered the garden of Knez Aleksandar Karađorđević. After the implementation of the regulation plan of Belgrade (1867), by Emilijan Josimović, the street soon gained its current look and architecture. Houses were built there by the most influential and wealthiest families of Belgrade society. In 1870, city authorities officially named this street - Ulica Kneza Mihaila (Prince Michael Street).
*Srpska Kruna Hotel, 56 Prince Michael Street, was built in 1869 in the style of
romantism, as the most modern hotel of Belgrade then. Between 1945 and 1970 the National Library of Serbia was located in this building. Today, the Library of the City of Belgrade is located in the building
*Marko Stojanović’s house, 53-55 Prince Michael Street, was built in 1889 as a private home of the lawyer Marko Stojanović, in the
renaissancestyle. The Academy of Fine Arts, established in 1937, used to be in the building but now the Gallery of the Academy is located there.
*The block of urban houses, 46, 48 and 50 Prince Michael Street, built in 1870's, represented the beginning of discontinuity of traditional "
Balkan" architecture. All those buildings have been shaped in the same manner, a transitional style from romantism to renaissance. The block consists of three buildings:
**The house of Hristina Kumandudi, No. 50, was built in 1870 as a corner building at the intersection of Kneza Mihaila and Dubrovačka streets. For a certain period, this building was the residence of the French-Serbian Bank, and later of the consulates of
Belgiumand Great Britain.
**Kristina Mehana, No. 48, built in 1869 as an administrative-commercial building in which Krstić brothers have opened a hotel under the same name, and where the meetings of the City Assembly took place until the construction of the Assembly's building.
**Veljko Savić’s house, No. 46, built in 1869 as a residential house with shops. It went under many changes from its original look.
*The building of the
Serbian Academy of Sciences and Arts, Knez Mihailova 35, built in 1923-1924, by the plans of 1912 made by Dragutin Đorđević and Andra Stevanović, in style of academism with elements of secession. The building houses: the Library of the Academy, one of the richest in Belgrade; The Archive of the Academy with numerous materials about the history of Serbia; the Gallery of the Academy on the ground floor, with a special lecture hall, the bookstore and the antique shop.
*Nikola Spasić Endowment, 33 Prince Michael Street, built in 1889, by the designs of the architect Konstantin Jovanović in the renaissance style, as a residential house of Belgrade merchant Nikola Spasić.
*Nikola Spasić Passage, 19 Prince Michael Street, built in 1912 in recession style.
*"Grčka kraljica" (Greek Queen) coffee shop, 51 Prince Michael Street, built in 1835 in style of academism.
*"Ruski car" (Russian Tzar) caffe & restaurant, built in 1926 in style of academism.
*Hotel Russia, 38 Prince Michael Street, built in 1870 and annexed in 1920. Today it houses business offices of the "Rudnap" company.
Knez Mihailova is a common meeting point for Belgraders. The street has been named one of the most beautiful pedestrian zones in
Eastern Europeand is a constant buzz of people and tourists. Thousands of people stroll along the street every day as it is the shortest path from Terazijeto Kalemegdanpark and fortress.
The street is home to
Serbian Academy of Sciences and Arts(SANU), Instituto Cervantes, Goethe-Institut, Centre Culturel Français, British Council(moved to Terazije) as well as many other leading shops and several cafes.
In December 2006, "
BusinessWeek" magazine included the street as one of Europe's notable Christmas shopping sites. [cite web|url=http://www.businessweek.com/globalbiz/content/dec2006/gb20061212_234449.htm |author=Dan Carlin |title=Christmas Lights Up European Shopping |language=English] One can find international clothing brands such as Mango, Zara and Zara men, Springfield clothing, Nike men and women, Replay, Azzaro, Cortefiel, Morgan de Toi, Office Shoes, Swarovski, Cesare Paciotti, Tally Weijl, Miss Sixty and local clothing brand Todor and many more shops. There are also shopping centres Millennium and City Passage located nearby which have multiple world wide clothing brands. The closest hotel is the five star Aleksandar Palas Hotelwhich is a few seconds walking distance to the street.
Furthermore, the representative offices of various airlines such as
Aeroflot, Malev, Emirates Airline, Qantas, British Airwaysand Air Franceare located in Knez Mihailova.
In terms of real estate value, the property in and around Knez Mihailova Street is among the most expensive in Belgrade. The latest confirmation of this occurred in late November 2007 when the 485m2 parcel belonging to state owned company Jugoexport was sold for
€15 million, which works out to some €32,000 per square meter. [ [http://www.megafonija.com/vesti.php?category=vesti&id=36392 Kvadrat lokala "Jugoeksporta" prodat za 32.000 evra, November 29, 2007] ]
Mihailo Obrenović III, Prince of Serbia
* [http://www.beograd.org.yu/cms/view.php?id=220 City of Belgrade]
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