- Pahlavi Crown
Following the ascension of the
Pahlavi Dynastyin 1925, Reza Shahordered a group of Iranian jewelers, under the supervision of Haj Serajeddin, to create a new crown to replace the Kiani Crownwhich had been used by the Qajar dynasty. Inspiration for the new design was drawn from paintings and historical references to crowns used during the Sassanid Empire, which had ruled Persia from 224 to 651 AD.
The Pahlavi Crown was commissioned and first used for the coronation of
Reza Shahon 25 April, 1926. It was used for the last time during the coronation of his son and successor Mohammad Reza ShahPahlavi on 26 October, 1967. The crown is currently on display with the rest of the Iranian Crown Jewelsat the Central Bank of Iran in Tehran.
Although the Pahlavi Crown was not assembled until the early 20th century the stones used in its production, as per tradition, were selected from the thousands of loose stones already in the Iranian Imperial Treasury.
The frame of the crown is made of gold, silver and red velvet. It has a maximum height of 29.8 cm, a width of 19.8 cm and weighs nearly 2,080 grams. A staggering 3,380 diamonds, totaling 1,144 carats, are set into the object. The largest of these is a 60 carat yellow brilliant ("diamond") which is centrally placed in a sunburst of white dimonds.
Found in three rows are 369 nearly identical natural white pearls. The crown also contains five sizeable
emeralds("totaling 200 carats"), the largest of which is approximately 100 carats and located on the apex of the crown.
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