Tucanoan languages

Tucanoan languages

Infobox Language family

Tucanoan (also Tukanoan, Tukánoan) is a language family of Colombia, Brazil, Ecuador, and Peru.

Family division

Tucanoan consists of 15 languages:

I. Western Tucanoan: 1. Correguaje (a.k.a. Coreguaje, Caquetá, Korewahe, Koreguaje): 2. Macaguaje (a.k.a. Kakawahe, Piohé, Secoya, Siona-Secoya) "(†)": 3. Teteté (a.k.a. Tetete, Eteteguaje): 4. Orejón (a.k.a. Coto, Payoguaje, Payaguá, Koto, Payowahe, Payawá): 5. Yauna (a.k.a. Jaúna, Yahuna, Yaúna)

II. Central Tucanoan: 6. Cubeo (a.k.a. Cuveo, Kobeua, Kubewa)

III. Eastern Tucanoan: 7. Macuna (a.k.a. Buhagana, Wahana, Makuna-Erulia, Makuna): 8. Yupuá-Durina "(†)": 9. Cueretú (a.k.a. Kueretú) "(†)": 10. Desano-Siriano (a.k.a. Desano): 11. Bará-Tuyuka (a.k.a. Pocanga, Pakang, Tejuca, Teyuka, Tuyuca, Bara): 12. Carapano (a.k.a. Carapana, Karapana): 13. Tucano (a.k.a. Tukana, Dasea): 14. Guanano (a.k.a. Wanana, Kotedia, Wanana-Pirá): 15. Piratapuyo (a.k.a. Waikina, Uiquina)

Macaguaje, Yupuá-Durina, and Cueretú are now extinct.

Most languages are, or were, spoken in Colombia.

External links

* Ethnologue: [http://www.ethnologue.com/show_family.asp?subid=90620 Tucanoan]
* Proel: [http://www.proel.org/mundo/tukanoan.htm Familia Tucanoana]


* Campbell, Lyle. (1997). "American Indian languages: The historical linguistics of Native America". New York: Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-509427-1.
* Kaufman, Terrence. (1990). Language history in South America: What we know and how to know more. In D. L. Payne (Ed.), "Amazonian linguistics: Studies in lowland South American languages" (pp. 13-67). Austin: University of Texas Press. ISBN 0-292-70414-3.
* Kaufman, Terrence. (1994). The native languages of South America. In C. Mosley & R. E. Asher (Eds.), "Atlas of the world's languages" (pp. 46-76). London: Routledge.

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