Bungarus bungaroides


Bungarus bungaroides
Bungarus bungaroides
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Class: Reptilia
Order: Squamata
Suborder: Serpentes
Family: Elapidae
Genus: Bungarus
Species: B. bungaroides
Binomial name
Bungarus bungaroides
(Cantor, 1839)
Synonyms
  • Elaps bungaroides Cantor, 1839
  • Xenurelaps bungaroides - Günther, 1864
  • Bungarus bungaroides - Boulenger, 1890

Bungarus bungaroides, commonly known as the Northeastern hill krait, is a species of venomous elapid snake.

Description

Diagnostic characters: Dorsal scales in 15 longitudinal rows at midbody; subcaudal scutes ordinarily divided anteriorly, but occasionally some scutes may be single, but always divided near the tip; ventrals 220-237; subcaudals 44-51; dorsum black with a series of very narrow white to pale yellowish lines or crossbars; on the belly, the light crossbars widen to form distinct transverse bars. Total length of largest male 1400 mm (55 in,); tail length 160 mm (6¼ in.).


Geographic Distribution

Myanmar (= Burma), India (Assam, Cachar, Sikkim), Nepal, Vietnam, elevation 2040 m. Type locality: "Cherra Pungi, Khasi Hills, Assam, India"[1]

References

  1. ^ Boulenger, G.A. 1896. Catalogue of the Snakes in the British Museum (Natural History), Volume III. London. p. 371.
  • Boulenger, G. A. 1890. The Fauna of British India, Including Ceylon and Burma. Reptilia and Batrachia. Taylor & Francis. London. xviii, 541 pp.
  • Cantor, T.E. 1839. Spicilegium serpentium indicorum [parts 1 and 2]. Proc. Zool. Soc. London 7:31-34,49-55.
  • Golay, P. 1985. Checklist and keys to the terrestrial proteroglyphs of the world (Serpentes: Elapidae - Hydrophiidae). Elapsoidea, Geneva.
  • Slowinski, J. B. 1994. A phylogenetic analysis of Bungarus (Elapidae) based on morphological characters. Journal of Herpetology 28(4):440-446.