Indotestudo elongata

Indotestudo elongata

Taxobox | name = Elongated Tortoise
status = EN
status_system = iucn2.3
status_ref = [IUCN2006|assessors=Asian Turtle Trade Working Group|year=2000|id=10824|title=Indotestudo elongata|downloaded=11 May 2006 Listed as Endangered (EN A1cd+2cd v2.3)]



image_width = 240px
image_caption = Juvenile (584 days)
regnum = Animalia
phylum = Chordata
classis = Reptilia
ordo = Testudines
familia = Testudinidae
genus = "Indotestudo"
species = "I. elongata"
binomial = "Indotestudo elongata"
binomial_authority = (Blyth, 1854)
synonyms = "Testudo elongata" "Geochelone elongata"
range_

range_map_width = 250px
range_map_caption =

Elongated Tortoise ("Indotestudo elongata") is a species of tortoise found in Southeast Asia and parts of South Asia.

Description

Shell considerably depressed, more than twice as long as deep, with flat vertebral region; anterior and posterior margins slightly reverted, strongly serrated in young, feebly in old specimens; shields concentrically striated, except in old specimens; nuchal present (rarely absent), narrow and elongate; supracaudal undivided, more or less incurved; first vertebral usually nearly as long as broad in the adult, the others broader than long and nearly as broad as the costals. Plastron large, truncate anteriorly, deeply notched posteriorly; suture between the pectoral shields as long as or longer than that between the humerals; suture between the gulars as long as or a little shorter than that between the pectorals; anals forming a very short suture, or entirely separated by the anal notch; axillary and inguinal moderate. Head moderate; a pair of large praefrontal shields, usually followed by a nearly equally large frontal; beak feebly hooked, tricuspid; alveolar ridge of upper jaw short and rather feeble. Anterior face of fore limbs with moderate, unequal-sized, imbricate scales, which are largest towards the outer side; no enlarged tubercles on the thighs; tail ending in a claw-hke horny tubercle. Carapace and plastron greenish yellow, each shield with an irregular black spot or blotch, which may occupy its greater portion, or may be much broken up or indistinct. [Boulenger, G. A. (1890) Fauna of British India. Reptilia and Batrachia]

ize

Typically, Indotestudo elongata are around 30 cm (12 inches) long and 3.5 kg (7 pounds) as an adult. Females tend to be wider than males and more rounded. Males also have a tail that is much larger than that of the female. The males have a concave plastron while the plastron of a female is flat. Additionally, the female's posterior claws are markedly longer and more curved than those of the male. It is believed that this is to facilitate nest building. [ http://www.chelonia.org/Articles/elongatacare.htm Tortoise care]

Distribution

The species is found in Nepal, Bangladesh, India (Jalpaiguri, East Bengal, and Singhbhum in Bihar), Burma (or Myanmar), Laos, Thailand (incl. Phuket), Cambodia, Vietnam, W Malaysia, S China

Type locality: Arakan, Tenasserim, Burma.

References

* Blyth,E. 1854 Notices and descriptions of various reptiles, new or little-known. Part I. J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal 22 [1853] : 639-655
* Gray,J.E. 1857 Notice of some Indian tortoises (including the description of a new species presented to the British Museum by Professor Oldham). Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist. (2) 19: 342-344
* Iverson, John B., Phillip Q. Spinks, H. Bradley Shaffer, William P. McCord and Indraneil Das 2001 Phylogenetic relationships among the Asian tortoises of the genus Indotestudo (Reptilia: Testudines: Testudinidae). Hamadryad 26 (2):271-274

External links

*
* [http://www.reptilesweb.com/reptiles-section/tortoise-world/elongated-tortoise.html Elongated Tortoise]


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См. также в других словарях:

  • Indotestudo elongata — Indotestudo elongata …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Indotestudo elongata — Indotestudo elongata …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Indotestudo elongata —   Indotestudo elongata …   Wikipedia Español

  • Indotestudo elongata — Gelbkopfschildkröte junge Gelbkopfschildkröte im Zoo Melbourne Systematik Klasse: Reptilien (Reptilia) …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Indotestudo elongata — …   Википедия

  • Indotestudo — Indotestudo …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Indotestudo —   Indotestudo …   Wikipedia Español

  • Indotestudo — Indotestudo …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Indotestudo — Asiatische Landschildkröten Systematik Klasse: Reptilien (Reptilia) Ordnung: Schildkröten (Testudinata) Unterordnung: Halsberger Schildkröten (Cryptodira) …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Indotestudo — Taxobox | name = Indotestudo image width = 240px image caption = regnum = Animalia phylum = Chordata classis = Reptilia ordo = Testudines familia = Testudinidae genus = Indotestudo subdivision ranks = Species subdivision = Indotestudo elongata… …   Wikipedia


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