- House of Trastámara
The House of
Trastámarawas a dynastyof kings in the Iberian Peninsula, which governed in Castile from 1369to 1504, in Aragónfrom 1412to 1516, in Navarrefrom 1425to 1479, and in Naplesfrom 1442to 1501.
The house took the name of the
Count(or Duke) of Trastámara, a title used by Henry II of Castile, "El de las Mercedes", before he became king in 1369; that is, during the civil warin which he sought to overthrow his legitimate brother Pedro of Castile. He was raised and educated by the Count Rodrigo Álvarez.
Compromise of Caspe(1412), Ferdinand de Antequera, the second son of John I of Castile, was elected by the nobles of Aragón, Barcelona, and Valencia as king. This was the first cadet branch of the dynasty.
In 1425, John, the second son of the Ferdinand de Antequera, married the Navarrese queen and became Navarre's king. He reigned until his death in 1479, when his daughter Eleanor succeeded him briefly for a year.
Alfonso V of Aragonsucceeded to the Neapolitan throne by conquest. He ruled it until his death in 1458, when a younger son inherited it and began a new branch of the dynasty.
The reigns of the Trastamaran kings were characterised by a reinforcement of monarchical authority, economic development, and the expansion of the bourgeoisie.
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