- Birkenhead Park
Birkenhead Park is a public
parkin the centre of Birkenhead, on the Wirral Peninsula, Merseyside, England. It was designed by Joseph Paxtonand opened on 5 April 1847. It is regarded as one of the first civic public parks in Britain.citeweb|url=http://www.wirral.gov.uk/LGCL/100006/200073/670/content_0001110.html|title=The History of Birkenhead Park|work=Metropolitan Borough of Wirral|accessdate=26 March|accessyear=2008] Paxton had earlier designed Princes Park, Liverpool, a private development.
It is widely accepted that, after visiting the park in 1850, American landscape architect
Frederick Law Olmstedincorporated many of the features he observed into his design for New York's Central Park. He wrote about the strong influence of Birkenhead Park in his book "Walks and Talks of an American Farmer in England", and commented:
"five minutes of admiration, and a few more spent studying the manner in which art had been employed to obtain from nature so much beauty, and I was ready to admit that in democratic America there was nothing to be thought of as comparable with this People’s Garden".
Olmsted also commented on the "perfection" of the gardening:
"I cannot undertake to describe the effect of so much taste and skill as had evidently been employed; I will only tell you, that we passed by winding paths, over acres and acres, with a constant varying surface, where on all sides were growing every variety of shrubs and flowers, with more than natural grace, all set in borders of greenest, closest turf, and all kept with consummate neatness".
Olmsted described Birkenhead as "a model town” which was built "all in accordance with the advanced science, taste, and enterprising spirit that are supposed to distinguish the nineteenth century".
Other parks influenced by Birkenhead Park include
Sefton Parkin Liverpool.
The park was designated a
conservation areain 1977 and declared a Grade I listed landscape by English Heritagein 1995.citeweb|url=http://www.wirral.gov.uk/LGCL/100006/200073/670/content_0001109.html|title=Birkenhead Park|work=Metropolitan Borough of Wirral|accessdate=26 March|accessyear=2008]
The Grand Entrance is the main entrance to Birkenhead Park. Within the Grand Entrance are the North and South Lodges, two Grade I
listed buildings. The Grand Entrance and the lodges have been renovated and now house Express Comedy [citeweb|url=http://www.expresscomedy.com/ |title=Express Comedy - Captial of Comedy|accessdate=28 September|accessyear=2007] and Active Drama. The lodges are also the home of the Wirral Academy of Arts.
Birkenhead Park has recently been the subject of an £11.5 million renovation, funded jointly by the
Heritage Lottery Fund, Wirral Waterfront SRB, Wirral Council, and the European Unionvia the Objective Oneprogramme. All of the paths have been improved, trees and shrubs have been planted, the lakes have been emptied, cleaned and reshaped and most of the original features have been restored to their former Victorian glory. [citeweb|url=http://www.lmu.livjm.ac.uk/gonw/Upload/2446.pdf|title=Lease of life for Merseyside's world famous park|work=eu&merseyside|accessdate=5 April|accessyear=2007] Additionally, a modern glass-fronted building houses a coffee-house style café, Cappuchino's. Unusually for a park of this nature, it is possible for private motorists to drive around the outer circular road, to park freely anywhere along it, and to drive directly to the café.
* Olmsted, Frederick Law. "Walks and Talks of an American Farmer in England" (reprinted University of Michigan Press, 1967)
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