- Septimal kleisma
In music, the ratio 225/224 is called the septimal kleisma ( play (help·info)). It is a minute comma type interval of approximately 7.7 cents. Factoring it into primes gives 2−5 32 52 7−1, which can be rewritten 2−1 (5/4)2 (9/7). That says that it is the amount that two major thirds of 5/4 and a septimal major third, or supermajor third, of 9/7 exceeds the octave. If the septimal kleisma is tempered out, as it is for instance in miracle temperament, septimal meantone temperament and in most equal temperaments, for example 12, 19, 22, 31, 41, 53, 72 or 84 equal, then an augmented triad consisting of two major thirds and a supermajor third making up an octave becomes possible. The existence of such a chord, which might be termed the septimal kleisma augmented triad, is a significant feature of a tuning system.
The septimal kleisma can also be viewed as the difference between the diatonic semitone (16:15) and the septimal diatonic semitone (15:14).
Intervals (list)Numbers in brackets are the number of semitones in the interval.
Fractional semitones are approximate.
Other systemsSupermajorsecond (2⅓) · third (4⅓) · sixth (9⅓) · seventh (11⅓)NeutralSubminor7-limit Other intervalsGroups
Pythagorean comma · Pythagorean apotome · Pythagorean limma · Diesis · Septimal diesis · Septimal comma · Syntonic comma · Schisma · Diaschisma · Major limma · Ragisma · Breedsma · Kleisma · Septimal kleisma · Septimal semicomma · Orwell comma · Semicomma · Septimal sixth-tone · Septimal quarter tone · Septimal third-toneMeasurementOthers
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