- Chennai Metro
Info Owner Chennai Metro Rail Limited (CMRL) Locale Chennai, India Transit type Rapid Transit Number of lines 2 (under construction in Phase I)
3 (proposed in Phase II)
Number of stations 41 (Phase I + extension) Headquarters Chennai Website http://www.chennaimetrorail.gov.in/ Operation Operation will start 2013 (Elevated Section on Corridor 2) Operator(s) CMRL Number of vehicles 42 (Phase I) Train length 86.5 m Technical Track gauge standard gauge Electrification 25 kV, 50 Hz AC through overhead catenary Top speed 80 km/h (50 mph)
The Chennai Metro (Tamil: சென்னை மெட்ரோ) is a rapid transit system in Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India. The Phase I of the project consisting of two corridors is under construction. The elevated section of the project is scheduled to be operational by 2013 and the entire project is scheduled to be completed by the financial year 2014-2015. About 55% of the corridors in Phase I is underground and the remaining elevated.
- 1 Background
- 2 History
- 3 Corridors
- 4 Proposed MRTS take-over by CMRL
- 5 Phase I
- 6 Phase II
- 7 Gallery
- 8 Timeline
- 9 Trivia
- 10 See also
- 11 References
- 12 External links
Chennai is the 4th largest metropolitan city in India. Chennai often known as the Detroit of Asia is widely known for its presence in the automotive industry and has attracted several global automakers to setup their factories in the city becoming one of the global leaders in the industry. Apart from automobiles, it also has development centres set up by many software companies which contributed 14% of India's total software exports of 144,214 crore (US$29.25 billion) during 2006–07, making it the second-largest exporter of software in the country, behind Bangalore. Based on all these industrial and technological advancements, urban population has risen rapidly, requiring need for faster and safer transportation at all times. The city already has multiple modes of transportation. A bus system is run by the Chennai MTC and is augmented by the Chennai suburban railway network run by the Southern Railway. In addition to this, the Chennai Corporation has also implemented the Chennai MRTS project, an elevated railway system was sanctioned in 1984 to ease congestion in central Chennai. However, traffic congestion was still a big problem for both the citizens as well as the City's governing body. Hence, the Chennai Corporation has decided to implement the Chennai Metro project which will be another alternate transportation mode to a metropolis like Chennai. Mr K.Rajaraman IAS, 1989 Batch Officer of Tamil Nadu cadre is the Managing Director of CMRL.
After the success of the Delhi metro, a similar system was mooted for the city of Chennai by E. Sreedharan of the DMRC to the then Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu Karunanidhi. The plan was later dropped in favour of a highly ambitious monorail network, spread over the whole city. After being voted out of power soon after, the new CM M. Karunanidhi revived the metro rail project to life once again.
The Metro rail project was included in the 2007-08 State Government's budget, and an amount of 50 crores had been sanctioned for preliminary works which included a Detailed Project Report (DPR) to be prepared by the DMRCRail Project. The approval for the project was finally given by the state cabinet on 7 November 2007 and is to be executed by a Special purpose vehicle, the Chennai Metro Rail Limited (CMRL).
Master Plan prepared by DMRC
A Total of 7 lines have been planned by the DMRC for Chennai Metro Rail Project.
Line Termini Opening Date Length
Interchange Line 1 Tiruvottiyur Chennai International Airport 2014 32.1 14.3 11 6 Suburban, MRTS, 2 Line 2 Chennai Central St. Thomas Mount 2013 22 9.7 9 8 Suburban, MRTS, 1 Line 3 Mogappair Tiruvanmiyur 4, MRTS Line 4 Porur Kamarajar Salai 3 Line 5 Ring Road Ring Road Line 6 Radhakrishnan Salai Kilpauk Medical College 2 Line 7 Along NH5 Road Along NH5 Road
Corridors proposed in CTS
Two corridors have been proposed in the comprehensive transportation study recently submitted by Wilbur Smith Associates.
Corridors proposed by CMRL
A metro line from Thiruvanmiyur — Kottivakkam and beyond via ECR has been proposed by CMRL in the steering committee meeting of the department of Highways and Minor Ports. But it has been decided to defer it for present and take it up later. This was proposed as an alternate for the East Coast Elevated Expressway
Projects in Study
Proposed MRTS take-over by CMRL
The MRTS, operated by Southern Railway, is proposed to be taken over by the CMRL thereby bringing all the elevated tracks and underground tracks inside the city under one organization. The Chennai MRTS is a very poorly executed project and is a loss making enterprise at present. After the merger, it is proposed to replace the current EMUs in the MRTS with air-conditioned coaches with automatic doors.
According to the Detailed project report submitted by the DMRC, there are two lines planned:
Line Termini Opening Date Length
Rakes # of Coaches Interchange Line 1 Washermanpet Chennai International Airport 2014 23.1 14.3 11 6 23 92 Suburban, MRTS, 2 Line 1 Extension Wimco Nagar Washermanpet 2015 9 2.3 1 6 North, West North, West South Line 2 Chennai Central St. Thomas Mount 2013 22 9.7 9 8 23 92 Suburban, MRTS, 1 Chennai Metro Phase I
Line 1: Wimco Nagar — Chennai Aiport [32.1 km]
Line 2: Chennai Central — St Thomas Mount [22 km]Legend
Wimco Nagar Tiruvottiyur Gowri Ashram Thangal Tolgate Tondiarpet Korrukupet Washermanpet Basin Bridge Mannadi High Court Chennai Central Chennai Fort Chennai Central Egmore Chennai Central Nehru Park Chennai Park Kilpauk Medical College Park Town TN Legislative Assembly Chintadripet Pachaiyappa's College See MRTS Shenoy Nagar Anna Nagar East LIC Anna Nagar Tower Tirumangalam Thousand Lights Koyambedu Gemini Koyambedu Depot CMBT Teynampet Arumbakkam Vadapalani Chamiers Road Ashok Nagar-KK Nagar Saidapet SIDCO Little Mount Alandur Guindy Officers Training Academy St. Thomas Mount Meenambakkam See MRTS Chennai International Airport
- The Corridor 1 is being extended from Washermapet to Thiruvottiyur as it was originally planned. A detailed investigation is being under taken by the announcement of Governor of Tamil Nadu.
- DMRC conducts soil tests in Thiruvottiyur areas for Metro extension.
The project is estimated to cost around 14,600 crore (US$2.96 billion) for the two corridors totaling 45 km. However, the previous estimate in 2007 was 9,565 crore (US$1.94 billion). But it is likely to increase by 23% to 18,000 crore (US$3.65 billion) The Underground tunneling will cost about Rs 300 crores per km, whereas Elevated track will cost about Rs 100 crores per km. The estimated construction cost of Underground and Elevated Station will be Rs 100 crores and Rs 300 crores respectively.
The central government has agreed to partly finance the project, similar to the aid extended to the Bangalore metro and Hyderabad Metro. This is in addition to the funds provided by the state government. The JBIC is also expected to fund the project.
A total of 32 stations have been planned along the two corridors. As many as 19 stations are underground and 12 are elevated. Of these, the Chennai Central (Underground) and Alandur (Elevated) are common for both the corridors and serve as interchange stations.
Underground Stations (12):Sathiyamoorthy Nagar,Tiruvottiyur, Washermanpet, Mannadi, High Court, Chennai Central, Tamil Nadu Legislative Assembly, LIC, Thousand Lights, Gemini, Teynampet, and Saidapet
Elevated Stations (6): Little Mount, Guindy, Alandur, Officer's Training Academy, Meenambakkam and Chennai International Airport.
Underground Stations (9): Chennai Central (Interchange), Egmore, Nehru Park, Kilpauk Medical College, Pachaiyappa's College, Shenoy Nagar, Anna Nagar East, Anna Nagar Tower and Tirumangalam.
Elevated Stations (8): Koyambedu, CMBT, Arumbakkam, Vadapalani, Ashok Nagar-KK Nagar, SIDCO, Alandur (Interchange) and St. Thomas Mount (Parangimalai)
Inter Modal transit facilities
The metro corridors would provide connection with various other transport systems in the city:
- Chennai suburban railway network: Washermanpet, Chennai Fort, Chennai Park, Chennai Central, Chennai Egmore, Guindy, Meenambakkam and St Thomas Mount.
- Chennai MRTS: Chennai Fort, Park Town and St Thomas Mount.
- Chennai MTC bus terminuses: Broadway bus terminus, Chennai Central, Chennai Egmore, Anna Nagar, CMBT, Vadapalani, KK Nagar, DMS, Saidapet, Guindy and St. Thomas Mount.
- Chennai International Airport
- Southern Railway: Chennai Central and Egmore.
- SETC: CMBT.
- TNSTC: CMBT, Vadapalani and Guindy.
- CCCBT: Koyambedu.
The construction started on 10 June 2009 with the piling work for the elevated viaduct between Koyambedu and Ashok Nagar strech. Construction is expected to be fully completed by February 2015. The first section to be opened will be on Line 2 between Koyambedu and St. Thomas Mount and this stretch is likely to be in operation by 2013.
Contracts Awarded so far for construction:
S.No Name of the Firm Date of Award Contract Value ( Crores) Details1 Soma Enterprise Limited (SEL); Erection works done by VSL INDIA PVT LTD (VSL)13.02.09194.202 Larsen & Toubro Limited (L&T)12.01.2010141.133 Larsen & Toubro Limited (L&T)25.01.2010173.304 Tantia Construction Limited (TCL)19.04.1020.52Prefilling of Koyambedu Depot5 Consolidated Construction Consortium Limited (CCCL)22.06.10139.54Design and construction of five elevated stations - Koyambedu, CMBT, Arumbakkam, Vadapalani and Ashok Nagar/K.K.Nagar6 Consolidated Construction Consortium Limited (CCCL)22.06.1094.997 Alstom Transport S.A & Alstom Projects India Ltd Consortium02.08.101471.38Design, Manufacture, Supply, Testing and Commissioning of Electric Multiple Units (EMUs) and Training of Personnel
Fare Structure (2013 - 2014)
Distance (km) Metro Fare () 0 - 2 8.00 2 - 4 10.00 4 - 6 11.00 6 - 9 14.00 9 - 12 15.00 12 - 15 17.00 15 - 18 18.00 18 - 21 19.00 21 - 24 20.00 24 - 27 22.00 >27 23.00
Chennai Metro Phase II
Line 3: Moolakadai — Thiruvanmiyur [19 km]
Line 4: Moolakadai — Thirumangalam [22 km]
Line 5: Mylapore — Poonamallee [22 km]Legend
Moolakadai Moolakadai Redhills Perambur Ambattur Kilpauk Mogappair Thousand lights Tirumangalam Mylapore Mylapore Luz Thiruvanmiyur T Nagar Vadapalani Saligramam Iyyapanthangal Poonamallee
Line 3 [19 km]
Moolakadai — Perambur — Kilpauk — Thousand Lights — Mylapore — Thiruvanmiyur-velachery
Line 4 [22 km]
Moolakadai — Redhills — Ambattur — Mogappair — Thirumangalam
Line 5 [22 km]
Mylapore — Luz — Teynampet — T Nagar — Vadapalani — Saligramam — Virugambakkam- Iyyapanthangal — Poonamallee
- 16 April: Planning commission gives in-principle approval for the project
- 21 November: Deal signed with Japan Banking Corporation for procuring 59% loan at Tokyo.
- 20 January: Tenders floated for Phase I of the Metro project; winning bidder yet to be announced, work to commence in the end of February or beginning of March.
- 29 January: Chennai Metro becomes one of the fastest projects to get approval from the Economic Ministry, signed for commencement by officiating Finance Minister Mr. Pranab Mukherjee.
- 19 February: The Hyderabad-based Soma Enterprise Ltd has been awarded a INR 199.2-crore (INR 1.99 billion) contract in the Chennai Metro Rail Project, marking the start of the work on the project. It has begun construction on the 4.5 km stretch elevated viaduct along the IRR (Inner Ring Road) between Koyambedu and Ashok Nagar. It does not include stations as it would be tendered separately.
- 10 March: A Five-member consortium led by Egis Rail S.A, France has been awarded the USD 30 million general consultancy contract by CMRL. The other members of the consortium are Egis India Consulting Engineers Private Ltd., India, Maunsell Consultants Asia Ltd., Hong Kong, Balaji Rail Road Systems Ltd., India and Yachiyo Engineering Co. Ltd., Japan.
- 20 May: CMRL started to evaluate the integration of Metro corridor with the planned grade separator at the junction of Arcot Road and Jawaharlal Nehru Road.
- 27 May: Trial Pile Load Tests are being conducted at three locations in Inner Ring Road (IRR) — At Ashok Nagar opposite to Karaikudi Restaurant, at vadapalani opposite to Hotel Ambica Palace Empire and at Koyambedu opposite to SAF Games Village.
- 10 June: Deputy Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu Thiru. M.K.Stalin inaugurated the piling work for the construction of elevated viaduct from Koyambedu to Ashok Nagar.
- 23 July: Pre-qualification tenders invited by EMBYE consultant for the rolling stock.
- 30 July: Soil tests conducted by DMRC at Wimco Nagar, Periyar Nagar and Neydhal Nagar in Tiruvottiyur for Chennai Metro Extension.
- 26 August: Tenders invited for the elevated viaducts for the Corridor 1 from Saidapet including station viaducts till OTA and for Corridor 2 from Ashok Nagar including station viaducts till Alandur.
- 4 September: Pre-qualification tenders invited for underground stations and tunnels. Invite for bids are expected around January 2010.
- 31 December: Pre-qualification tenders invited for track works (design and build). Invite for bids are expected around May 2010.
- 11 January: Pre-qualification tenders invited for power supply system and overhead equipment (design and build). Invite for bids are expected around May 2010.
- 28 January: Larsen and Toubro (L&T) bags the contract for 9.73 elevated viaducts from Corridor 1 from Saidapet till OTA (5.17 km @ INR 173.30 crores) and for Corridor 2 from Ashok Nagar till St.Thomas Mount (4.56 km @ INR 141.13 crores) valued together at INR 314.43 crores.
- 12 February: Tenders invited for 10 elevated stations and an integrated viaduct-flyover @ vadapalani.
- 12 March: Tender invited for Koyambedu Depot pre-filling and two PQs invited for Telecom, Platform Screen Doors & Signalling and Lifts & Escalators.
- 29 March: Chennai Metro Project Phase II receives INR 2,932.6 Crores loan agreement from Japan. Finance Ministry of India signs agreement with Japanese Ambassador to India Hideaki Domichi.
- 19 April: Tender for pre-filling of Koyambedu depot has been awarded to Tantia Construction Limited.
- 22 June: Tenders for 10 elevated stations have been awarded. 5 stations in - Koyambedu, CMBT, Arumbakkam, Vadapalani and Ashok Nagar/K.K Nagar as 1 package at a cost of 139.54 crores and another 5 in Little Mount, Guindy, Alandur, O.T.A., and SIDCO as another package at a cost of 94.99 crores have been awarded to Consolidated Construction Consortium Limited.
- 29 June: Works on Underground sections, underground stations, signaling and telecom, tracks, OHE, etc. would begin before the end of 2010-2011 financial year.
- 2 August: Rolling stock tenders have been awarded to Alstom Transport S.A & Alstom Projects India Ltd consortium at a cost of INR 1471.3 crores. 42 train-sets of 4-car configuration (168 coaches) is to be procured. The first delivery of cars is expected to reach by end of 2012. The train sets will be equipped with air-conditioned interiors, electrically operated automatic sliding doors, regenerative braking system.
- 19 August: Phase-I extension will have 2.3 km underground and 6.6 km elevated with 7 stations.
- 30 October: Metro rail extension to Tambaram would be considered.
- 2 November: Depot work for Phase I has been awarded to L&T.
- 21 January: Rs 449.22-crore contract for design and construction of track works was awarded to a joint venture of L&T and Alstom.
- 21 January: Rs.198 crore contract for supply of lifts and escalators was awarded to a joint venture of Johnson Lifts Pvt. Limited and SJEC Corporation (China).
- 1 February: Transtonnelstroy-AFCONS JV bags two contracts for underground sections with value of Rs 1,567 crore and Rs 1,031 crore respectively.
- 1 February: A joint venture of city-based Metro Tunnelling and L&T SUCG bagged the Rs 705.75-crore contract to design and build three underground stations and associated tunnels from Nehru Park to Pachaiyappa's College.
- 2 February: OJSC MosMetrostroy-Gammon India JV has been awarded two underground packages for a value of INR 932.88 crore and INR 1,047.42 crore.
- 22 February: Contract for power supply and overhead electrification (OHE) was awarded to Siemens AG of Germany and Siemens Ltd India Consortium for Rs 305 crore.
- 7 March: The contract for tunnel ventilation system (design and build) was awarded to Emirates Trading Agency LLC, Dubai and ETA Engineering Private Limited, India donsortium for Rs. 241.83 crore.
- 3 March: Automatic Fare Collection (AFC) system design-and-build contract to Nippon Signal Co Ltd for 109.88 crores.
- 7 March: Underground stations air conditioning system contract was awarded to Voltas ltd for Rs. 196.20 crores.
- 12 September: Work on ‘double-decker’ structure at Arcot Road–100-ft Road at Vadapalani begins. The 4-lane flyover below the Metro will be 700-m long and 18.6-m wide, with 7.5-m wide service roads and 2.5-m wide drainage-cum-footpath on either side.
The Chennai Metro Rail project is estimated to result in the loss of 17,000 trees.
- Chennai Monorail
- Delhi Metro
- Bangalore Metro
- Kochi Metro
- Mumbai Metro
- Jaipur Metro
- Kolkata Metro
- Hyderabad Metro
- Kanpur Metro
- Ahmedabad Metro
- Pune Metro
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- ^ L&T, Alstom venture bags Chennai Metro project : http://www.thehindubusinessline.in/2011/01/22/stories/2011012251870200.htm
- ^ Metro Rail awards contract for lifts : http://www.thehindu.com/news/cities/Chennai/article1147579.ece
- ^ Two firms bag 12 underground tunnels & stations work : http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/city/chennai/Two-firms-bag-12-underground-tunnels-stations-work/articleshow/7381968.cms
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- ^ Siemens wins power supply contract for Chennai metro : http://www.business-standard.com/india/news/siemens-wins-power-supply-contract-for-chennai-metro/426153/
- ^ Work on ‘double-decker’ structure at Arcot Road: http://www.thehindu.com/todays-paper/tp-national/tp-tamilnadu/article2448588.ece
- ^ Sreevatsan, Ajai; Deepa H. Ramakrishnan (3 October 2011). "How to regain green cover". The Hindu (Chennai: The Hindu). http://www.thehindu.com/news/cities/Chennai/article2508189.ece. Retrieved 8-Oct-2011.
Urban transit in Chennai Bus Transits Intra-city Expressways Rail Transits* Planned · † Under construction Rapid Rail Transit in India MetroIn operationUnder ConstructionPlanned MonorailUnder ConstructionPlanned Elevated RailIn operation Transport in Tamil Nadu Transport by
districtsAriyalur • Chennai • Coimbatore • Cuddalore • Dharmapuri • Dindigul • Erode • Kanchipuram • Kanyakumari • Karur • Krishnagiri • Madurai • Nagapattinam • Namakkal • Nilgiris • Perambalur • Pudukkottai • Ramanathapuram • Salem • Sivagangai • Thanjavur • Theni • Thoothukudi • Tiruchirapalli • Tirunelveli • Tirupur • Tiruvallur • Tiruvannamalai • Tiruvarur • Vellore • Viluppuram • Virudhunagar
Rail Airports Seaports
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