- Milton Margai
The Right Honourable
Sir Milton Margai
The Right Honourable Sir Milton Margai 1st Prime Minister of Sierra Leone In office
April 27, 1961 – April 28, 1964
Monarch Elizabeth II Preceded by none Succeeded by Sir Albert Margai Chief Minister of Sierra Leone In office
1954 – April 27, 1961
Personal details Born December 7, 1895
Gbangbatoke, Moyamba District, Sierra Leone
Died April 28, 1964(aged 68)
Freetown, Sierra Leone
Nationality Sierra Leonean Political party Sierra Leone People's Party (SLPP) Religion Christianity (Methodist)
Sir Milton Augustus Strieby Margai (December 7, 1895 - April 28, 1964) was a Sierra Leonean politician and the first prime minister of Sierra Leone. He was the main architect of the post-colonial constitution of Sierra Leone and guided his nation to independence in 1961.
- 1 Early life
- 2 Medical career
- 3 Political career
- 4 Legacy
- 5 See also
- 6 References
- 7 External links
Margai was born on December 7, 1895 in the small rural town of Gbangbatoke, in what is now part of Moyamba District in the Southern Province of Sierra Leone to Shabro parents. At the time of his birth his country was a British Protectorate. His father, M.E.S. Margai, hailed from Bonthe District and was an affluent businessman. Margai received his primary education at the Evangelical United Brethren School in Bonthe, Bonthe District. and his secondary education at St Edward's Secondary School in Freetown. He earned his bachelors degree in history and was the first Protectorate man to graduate from Fourah Bay College in 1921. Margai went to medical school in England and became doctor in 1926 at King's College Medical School, University of Durham . Margai also attended the Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine. He was the first Protectorate man to become a medical doctor.
Margai played several musical instruments: the piano, violin and the organ.
Margai returned to Sierra Leone in 1928 after earning his medical degree and enjoyed an exceptional career in the Colonial Medical Service. He served in 11 of 12 districts in the protectorate. He waged informational campaigns on social welfare and hygiene.
Women's Health Reform
Margai trained health care workers to instruct female community leaders in the Mende women's association, The Sande, to give courses in hygiene, literacy and child care to young female members.
Working in concert with local women's groups, Margai trained midwives and was the author of an instruction manual on midwifery in the Mende language.
In 1949 he founded the nationalist Sierra Leone People's Party (SLPP) with Siaka Stevens, which won the 1951 election to the Legislative Council. After heading the departments of Health, Agriculture, and Forestry, he was elected chief minister in 1954. Although the SLPP won elections again in 1957, the following year Margai's leadership of the party was challenged by his younger brother, Albert, but even though he narrowly won the internal party election, he declined the leadership of the party, and left to form the opposition People's National Party, rejoining his brother in a coalition government in 1960.
Though Margai was Pro-British and conservative in his political views, he felt that Sierra Leone would fare better as a self-determined state.
In 1951 Margai oversaw the drafting of a new constitution which triggered the process of decolonization. In 1953 Sierra Leone was granted local ministerial powers and Margai was made Chief Minister. The new constitution ensured Sierra Leone a parliamentary system within the Commonwealth of Nations and was formally adopted in 1958.
Margai led the Sierra Leone delegation at the constitutional conferences that were held with British Colonial Secretary Iain Macleod in London in 1960. On April 27, 1961, Milton Margai led Sierra Leone to independence from the United Kingdom. The nation held its first general elections on May 27, 1962 and Margai was elected Sierra Leone's first Prime Minister by a landslide. His party, the Sierra Leone People's Party (SLPP) won majority of seat in parliament.
Over the next two years, as Sierra Leone headed for independence, Margai oversaw the creation of a new constitution for the colony, and upon its adoption in 1958, he became Prime Minister.
Knighted in 1959, he was prime minister at the time of independence on April 27, 1961, and won the ensuing election in 1962. He appointed the youngest Queens Council attorney in the Commonwealth at that time, Berthan Macaulay, to serve as his Attorney General. Margai died in office in Freetown in 1964 and was succeeded as prime minister by his brother Albert Margai.
Today, Sierra Leoneans regard Sir Milton Margai as a man of honesty and high principle, and look back to his time in office as a period of prosperity and social harmony. Sir Milton is the only post-Independence leader of Sierra Leone still universally admired and respected by the people of that country. He was a member of the Evangelical United Brethren Church.
Sir Milton Margai School for the Blind
In 1961 Margai appealed for funding to build a school for the blind in Freetown. In 1962, he set the foundation stone for the building at Wilkinson Road. The school motto is: "We cannot see but we will conquer". In 2006, the school was the subject of a three part documentary on BBC News. The Milton Margai School for the Blind Choir has toured the UK twice in 2003 and 2006.
Milton Margai College of Education and Technology
In 1963 the Milton Margai College of Education and Technology was established.  The first incarnation of the school was the Milton Margai Teacher's College but as the school grew and the curriculum expanded the name was changed to the Milton Margai College of Education. In 2000, the school merged with the Freetown Technical Institute.
- ^ a b c d e f g h Sir Milton Augustus Striery Margai, UXL Newsmakers, 2005
- ^ a b c d e f g h Sierra Leone People's Party Official Biography
- ^ a b c d e f g Advocate Nations of Africa: Sierra Leone
- ^ Sierra Leone's Leader; Milton Augustus Strieby Margai, New York Times, April 28, 1961
- ^ a b c Sir Milton Margai School for the Blind
- ^ Africa School Swap
- ^ Milton Margai School for the Blind Choir
- ^ a b c d Milton Margai Old Students Association
Prime Minister of Sierra Leone
Heads of government of Sierra Leone
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Milton Margai — en una moneda de 1964. Sir Milton Augustus Strieby Margai (7 de diciembre de 1895 28 de abril de 1964) fue un político sierraleonés, que fungió como Primer Ministro de Sierra Leona inmediatamente después de su independencia. Nacido en la… … Wikipedia Español
Milton Margai — Sir Milton Augustus Strieby Margai (* 7. Dezember 1895 in Gbangbatoke; † 28. April 1964 in Freetown) war Hauptminister des Britischen Protektorats Sierra Leone, Premierminister des Britischen Protektorats und erster Premierminister von Sierra… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Milton Margai College of Education and Technology — Established 1963 Type Private Students 8,369 Location Freetown, Sierra Leone … Wikipedia
Milton Margai College — Vorlage:Infobox Hochschule/Logo fehltVorlage:Infobox Hochschule/Studenten fehltVorlage:Infobox Hochschule/Mitarbeiter fehltVorlage:Infobox Hochschule/Professoren fehlt Milton Margai College of Education Technology Gründung 1963 Trägerschaft… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Margai — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Albert Margai (1910–1980), Premierminister der westafrikanischen Republik Sierra Leone Milton Margai (1895–1964), ehemaliger Premierminister von Sierra Leone Diese Seite ist eine Begriffsklärun … Deutsch Wikipedia
Margai — (Milton Augustus Strieby) (1895 1964) homme politique de la Sierra Leone; Premier ministre de 1961 à sa mort … Encyclopédie Universelle
Margai, Sir Milton — ▪ prime minister of Sierra Leone born December 1895, Gbangbatok, Sierra Leone died April 28, 1964, Freetown first prime minister of Sierra Leone, a conservative, pro British politician who came to power with the backing of a coalition of… … Universalium
Albert Margai — Infobox Prime Minister honorific prefix = The Right Honourable name = Sir Albert Margai honorific suffix = J.D. imagesize = birth date = Birth date|1910|10|10|df=y birth place = Gbangbatoke, Banta Chiefdom, Moyamba District, Sierra Leone… … Wikipedia
Charles Margai — Charlles Francis Margai Personal details Born August 19, 1945 (1945 08 19) (age 66) Bonthe, Bonthe District, Sierra Leone Nationality Sierra Leonean Political party People s Movement for Democratic Change (PMDC) Residence … Wikipedia
Albert Margai — Sir Albert Michael Margai (* 10. Oktober 1910 in Gbangbatoke; † 18. Dezember 1980) war der zweite Premierminister in der Geschichte der Republik Sierra Leone vom 30. April 1964 bis 17. März 1967. Er war der Bruder des ersten Premierministers… … Deutsch Wikipedia