- Poppleton manuscript
The Poppleton Manuscript is the name given to the
fourteenth century codexlikely compiled by Robert of Poppleton, a Carmelitefriar who was the Prior of Hulne, near Alnwick. The manuscript contains numerous works, such as a map of the world(with index), and works by Orosius, Geoffrey of Monmouthand Gerald of Wales. It is now in the Bibliothèque Nationale, Paris (Ms Latin 4126).
However, the manuscript is famous because it contains seven consecutive documents concerning medieval
Scotland, many of which are unique to the manuscript and regarded as vital sources. The first six at least had probably been compiled previously in Scotland in the early thirteenth century:
de Situ Albanie"; which appears to be an introduction to the following five or six texts. The Poppleton MS preserves the only copy of this.
Cronica de origine antiquorum Pictorum" (i.e. "Chronicle on the Origins of the Ancient Picts"); part of the Pictish Chronicle, this largely a pasticheof wider Latin learning regarding the Pictsand Scots. Contains extractions from the "Etymologiae" of Isidore of Sevilleand Nennius' "Historia Brittonum".
# A Pictish King List; part of the Pictish Chroncle, this is a largely un-Gaelicized list of Pictish Kings, containing an opening mythological section not present in many other Pictish king lists. Unlike related Pictish king-lists, it gets cut off at the accession of Cináed mac Ailpín. It reveals its origins at Abernethy by preserving a spurious foundation "charter" to the monastery there, reputedly granted by King Nechtan (fl. early
seventh century), whom it calls "Nectonius magnus filius Uuirp".
Chronicle of the Kings of Alba"; short written chronicle of the Kings of Alba, from covering the period from the time of King Cináed mac Ailpín (d. 858) until the reign of King Cináed mac Maíl Coluim (r. d. 995). Like the "de Situ Albanie", the Poppleton MS preserves the only copy.
# A List of
Dál Riatan and Scottish monarchs; this joined couple of king lists starts from the legendary Fergus Mór mac Eircand ends with William I.
Genealogyof William I; this genealogy goes all the way to Adam, via Gaidhel Glas. The genealogy is just a recording or partial translation of a Gaelic genealogy, where "mac" and "meic" have been replaced with "filius" and "filii". Virtually all ancestors before David I have their names in the Middle Irish genitive form.
# A foundation legend of
St Andrews; it may not have been compiled by the author of "de Situ Albanie" in the thirteenth century, simply because it does not fit in with the logic presented by documents one to six, and is nothing of the legend or topic is mentioned in "de Situ Albanie".
The value of the manuscript has been shown in the publications of
William Forbes Skene, Alan Orr Anderson, and his wife Marjory Anderson. Dozens of articles have been written in the last half century about various aspects of the Scottish content, although studies of the whole manuscript have been rarer.
* Anderson, Alan Orr, "Early Sources of Scottish History: AD 500-1286", Vol. 1, (Edinburgh, 1923)
* Anderson, Marjorie O., "Kings and Kingship in Early Scotland", (Edinburgh, 1973), pp. 235-60
* Broun, Dauvit, "The Seven Kingdoms in De Situ Albanie: A Record of Pictish political geography or imaginary Map of ancient Alba?" in E.J. Cowan & R. Andrew McDonald (eds.), "Alba: Celtic Scotland in the Medieval Era", (Edinburgh, 2000, rev. 2005), pp. 24-42
* Skene, William F., "Chronicles of the Picts and Scots: And Other Memorials of Scottish History", (Edinburgh, 1867)
* [http://www.stephen.j.murray.btinternet.co.uk/pictchron.htm Another summary of the Scottish contents]
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