Gifu Castle


Gifu Castle

Infobox Military Structure
name = Gifu Castle
_ja. 岐阜城
partof =
location = Gifu, Gifu Prefecture, Japan
coordinates = coord|35|26|02|N|136|46|56|E|type:mountain|display=inline,title


caption = Gifu Castle
type = Mountaintop castle
built = 1201
builder = Nikaidō clan
materials = "unknown" (original) reinforced concrete (current)
height =
used = 12th–16th centuries
demolished = 1600
condition = Reconstruction
ownership =
controlledby =
garrison =
commanders = Oda Nobunaga
occupants = Saitō clan, Oda clan
battles =
events =

nihongo|Gifu Castle|岐阜城|Gifu-jō is a castle located in the city of Gifu, Gifu Prefecture, Japan. Along with Mount Kinka and the Nagara River, it is one of the main symbols of the city.

History

Gifu Castle was first built by the Nikaidō clan between 1201 and 1204 during the Kamakura Period. [http://www.city.gifu.gifu.jp/kankou/rekishi_01.html Gifu Castle Official Page] . ja icon Gifu City Hall. Accessed January 11, 2008.] [http://www.jnto.go.jp/eng/arrange/attractions/facilities/castles/83dn3a000000ecow.html Gifu Castle] . Japan National Tourist Organization. Accessed May 7, 2008.]

Originally called Inabayama Castle (稲葉山城 "Inabayama-jō"), Gifu Castle has gone through many numbers of repairs over the course of several generations. Even though it was famous as a physically powerful castle, it was once taken over by a mere sixteen men.

It is known that at one time a man by the name of Takenaka Hanbei went to the castle to visit his sick brother, Saitō Tatsuoki. In reality, he went to the castle not to visit his brother, but to kill him. When Hanbei struck at him, Tatsuoki was very confused—believing an enemy army had come to attack him—and fled. Thus, Hanbei obtained Inabayama Castle with relative ease.

Later, Hanbei returned the castle to his brother, but Tatsuoki had lost an immeasurable amount of reputation and honor due to his perceived cowardly flight from the castle. When Oda Nobunaga attacked Inabayama Castle, many men under Tatsuoki remembered this event and defected. After easily defeating Tatsuoki, Nobunaga claimed the castle and made it his primary base-of-operations.

Nobunaga renamed the stronghold "Gifu Castle," following an example set by an ancient Chinese practice. Nobunaga then proceeded to renovate the castle into a far more impressive and grandiose structure than its previous incarnation. Luis Frois, a renowned Jesuit Missionary from Portugal, was personally invited by Nobunaga to visit the castle. After a short stay in Gifu, Frois praised the castle's extraordinary beauty.

The Battle of Gifu Castle in 1600 served as a prelude to both the Battle of Sekigahara and the destruction of Gifu Castle in the same year. After the demolition of the castle, part of the structure was brough to Kanō Castle to the south to fortify its position.

Present day

also provides panoramic views of the city and is open late year-round; however, its views are limited to only a few compass directions.

A short walk from the castle is a small archives museum, containing more artifacts from Gifu Castle. Also in this museum are pictures from major castles throughout Japan. Entry into this museum is included in the price to visit Gifu Castle, making it a worthwhile stop for visitors to Gifu Castle. Lights, walkways and signs that were added during 2005's beautification campaign make visiting the castle even more convenient and informative. "Outline of Gifu City 2005". Gifu City Hall, April 2005.]

Gifu Castle Archives Museum

When visitors pay the entrance fee to Gifu Castle, they also receive entrance to the Gifu Castle Archives Museum, located approximately Convert|70|m|ft|0|abbr=on from the entrance to Gifu Castle. Inside the museum, visitors will find more archives related to Gifu Castle and its past residents. The second floor focuses on musical instruments from Japan's past and present. Additionally, there are pictures of castles throughout Japan adorning the walls of the museum.

Castle operating hours

*Normal Hours:March 16–May 11: 9:30am to 5:30pm:May 12–October 16: 8:30am to 5:30pm:October 17–March 15: 9:30am to 4:30pm
*Night Viewing:April 28–May 6: until 9:30pm:July 14–August 31: until 10:00pm:September 1–October 14: until 9:30pm (Sat., Sun., and holidays only):October 15–November 30: until 6:30pm

Access

Mount Kinka offers hiking trails of varying difficulty to Gifu Castle and take approximately one hour. [http://www.city.gifu.gifu.jp/kankou/miru_03.html Mt. Kinka Hiking Trails] . ja icon Gifu City Hall. Accessed June 12, 2007.] Visitors can also take the Mt. Kinka Ropeway that originates in Gifu Park to the mountain's summit, from which Gifu Castle is just a short walk away. [http://www.kinkazan.co.jp/ Mt. Kinka Ropeway Homepage] . ja icon Kinkazan Co. Access June 12, 2007]

To get to Gifu Park, you can board buses operated by Gifu Bus at either JR Gifu Station (Bus Platform 11 or 12) or Meitetsu Gifu Station (Bus Platform 4). The bus takes approximately 15 minutes to get to the bus stop for Gifu Park and the Museum of History ("Gifu Kōen, Rekishi Hakubutsukan-mae"). [http://www.gifubus.co.jp/noriai/index.html Gifu Bus (Noriai Jigyō-bu)] . ja icon Gifu Bus Co., Ltd. Accessed May 7, 2008.]

References

Literature

*cite book | title=Castles in Japan| last=Schmorleitz| first=Morton S.| date=1974| pages= pg. 117| publisher=Charles E. Tuttle Co.| location=Tokyo| id=ISBN 0-8084-1102-4

External links

* [http://www.gifucvb.or.jp/sightseeing/detail_kankou.php?eid=00001 Gifu Castle Homepage] ja icon
* [http://www.iloveshiro.com/shiro/gifu/index.htm Gifu Castle (moving image)]


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Gifu Castle Inn — (Гифу,Япония) Категория отеля: 2 звездочный отель Адрес: 500 8176 Гифу, Гифу, Agatam …   Каталог отелей

  • Battle of Gifu Castle — Infobox Military Conflict conflict = Battle of Gifu Castle 岐阜城の戦い partof = the Sengoku period caption = Gifu Castle date = August 23, 1600 place = Gifu, Mino Province territory = result = Victory for the forces of Tokugawa Ieyasu combatant1 =… …   Wikipedia

  • Gifu — (岐阜) may refer to: *Gifu Prefecture, located in the Chūbu region of central Japan *Gifu, Gifu, the capital city of Gifu Prefecture *Gifu (region), a region located in southcentral Gifu Prefecture *Gifu Castle atop Mt. Kinka in the city of Gifu… …   Wikipedia

  • Gifu, Gifu — Infobox City Japan Name= Gifu JapaneseName= 岐阜市 Map Region= Chūbu region Prefecture= Gifu Prefecture District= Area km2=202.89 PopDate= January 1, 2008 Population= 423,194 Density km2=2086 Coords= LatitudeDegrees= 35 LatitudeMinutes= 25… …   Wikipedia

  • Gifu City Tower 43 — Infobox Skyscraper building name = Gifu City Tower 43 岐阜シティ・タワー43 built = 2005 ndash;2007 use = Mixed use location = 2 52 Hashimoto chō, Gifu, Gifu Prefecture, Japan roof = Convert|162.82|m|ft|0|abbr=on top floor = antenna spire = floor count =… …   Wikipedia

  • Gifu-jô — Château de Gifu Château de Gifu Le château de Gifu (岐阜城) est un château implanté au sommet du mont Kinka, dans la commune de Gifu. Il fut construit en 1201 par la famille Nikaido pendant la période Kamakura. Sommaire …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Gifu Park — In 2006, it was selected as one of Japan s Top 100 Public Historical Parks.HistoryThe are that makes up Gifu Park has a long and important role in the history of Gifu City. Though Mount Kinka was strategically important for military purposes,… …   Wikipedia

  • Mount Kinka (Gifu) — For other locations of the same name, see Mount Kinka (disambiguation). Mount Kinka 金華山 Mt. Kinka …   Wikipedia

  • Kanō Castle — Infobox Military Structure name = Kanō Castle ja. 加納城 partof = location = Gifu, Gifu Prefecture, Japan coordinates = coord|35|23|58|N|136|45|37|E|type:mountain|display=inline,title caption = Castle ruins type = built = 1601 builder = Okudaira… …   Wikipedia

  • Castillo Gifu — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Castillo Gifu Gifu, Japón Tipo …   Wikipedia Español