Nez Perce National Historic Trail


Nez Perce National Historic Trail
Nez Perce National Historic Trail
IUCN Category V (Protected Landscape/Seascape)
Nez Perce National Historic Trail.PNG
Location Oregon, Idaho, Wyoming, Montana, USA
Nearest city Lewiston, ID
Coordinates 46°8′31″N 116°21′34″W / 46.14194°N 116.35944°W / 46.14194; -116.35944Coordinates: 46°8′31″N 116°21′34″W / 46.14194°N 116.35944°W / 46.14194; -116.35944
Established 1986
Governing body U.S. Forest Service

The Nez Perce National Historical Trail follows the same journey undertaken by a band of the Nez Perce Indian tribe in 1877 during their attempt to flee the U.S. Cavalry. The 1,170 mile (1,883 km) trail was created in 1986 as part of the National Trails System Act and is managed by the U.S. Forest Service. The trail traverses through portions of the U.S. states of Oregon, Idaho, Wyoming and Montana and connects 38 separate sites across these four states that commemorate significant events which occurred to the Nez Perce during their attempt to escape capture by the U.S. Cavalry who were under orders to move the Indians onto a reservation.

Contents

History

One band of 750 Nez Perce who were not under any treaty with the U.S. Government, fought numerous engagements with the 7th Cavalry during their attempt to reach Canada and escape being forced into an Indian Reservation. Beginning near Wallowa Lake in eastern Oregon, the Nez Perce headed east into Idaho. They crossed Lolo Pass into Montana and fought a major battle at what is now known as Big Hole National Battlefield. After that, the Nez Perce continued traveling south and east, back into Idaho and then into Wyoming entering Yellowstone National Park near West Yellowstone, Montana. The tribe left the park crossing Sylvan Pass and followed the Clarks Fork River back into Montana. From there the Nez Perce headed almost straight north for Canada and almost made it. The Nez Perce were near starvation and exhaustion after fighting their last battle north of the Bear Paw Mountains, less than 40 miles (64 km) from the Canadian border, when they surrendered to U.S. authorities. Chief Joseph is widely credited with leading the Nez Perce on this journey, but he functioned more like a camp supervisor and guardian who was entrusted with handling the logistics of camp and travel and taking care of the women and children.[1]

At the time of the surrender, Chief Joseph was the most prominent surviving leader among the group and was ultimately the one who decided that they must surrender. A few members of the tribe did manage to escape to Canada, but the vast majority were relocated to Kansas and Oklahoma for eight years before being allowed to return to Idaho, near their ancestral home.

Trail description

The trail passes through numerous National Park Service managed areas, National Forests, and Bureau of Land Management Public Lands. While Oregon was already a state, the other three states the trail now passes through were still merely territories. None of the forest lands were managed by the federal government, but Yellowstone National Park was created 5 years prior to the Nez Perce journey. The trail also passes through privately owned property and it is best advised to obtain permission to enter these areas from local landowners. Little of the trail is actually a foot trail, but much of the journey can be closely followed by roads. Attempts are underway to continue to preserve right of way to allow greater access for visitors.

See also

External links

References

  1. ^ M. D. Beal (1963). I Will Fight No More Forever. Seattle: University of Washington Press. ISBN 0-295-74009-4. 

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Nez Perce National Historical Park — IUCN Category V (Protected Landscape/Seascape) …   Wikipedia

  • Nez Perce National Historical Park — Spalding Visitor Center …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • National Historic Trail — is a designation for a protected area in the United States containing historic trails and surrounding areas. They are part of the National Trails System. National Historic Trails were authorized under the National Parks and Recreation Act of 1978 …   Wikipedia

  • National Historic Trail — Der Oregon Trail, Mormon Pioneer Trail und California Trail verlaufen teilweise gemeinsam, bevor sie sich in den Rocky Mountains aufspalten Das National Trails System der Vereinigten Staaten von Amerika umfasst als Trails bezeichnete …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Nez Perce National Forest — IUCN Category VI (Managed Resource Protected Area) …   Wikipedia

  • Overmountain Victory National Historic Trail — Roan Mountain, the trail s highest point. Length 214 miles (Elizabethton to KMNMP) Location Southeast United States Trailheads …   Wikipedia

  • Overmountain Victory National Historic Trail — Blick von Roan Mountain …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Lewis and Clark National Historic Trail — Karte des Lewis and Clark National Historic Trail Der Lewis and Clark National Historic Trail ist Teil des National Trails System der Vereinigten Staaten von Amerika. Er erinnert an die Expedition im Jahre 1804 als Meriwether Lewis und William… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Nez-Percé-Krieg — Nez Percé–Indianer aus der Gruppe von Häuptling Joseph im Frühling 1877 Der Krieg gegen die Nez Percé (Nez Perce War, gelegentlich auch Nimipu War[1]) im Jahr 1877 war ein Feldzug der Armee der Vereinigten Staaten gegen eine Gruppe von Indianern… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Nez Perce people — For other uses, see Nez Perce. Nez Perce Total population 2,700 Regions with significant populations …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.