Werewolf of London

Werewolf of London
Werewolf of London
Directed by Stuart Walker
Produced by Stanley Bergerman
Written by Robert Harris (story)
John Colton
Starring Henry Hull
Warner Oland
Valerie Hobson
Lester Matthews
Spring Byington
Clark Williams
Lawrence Grant
Music by Karl Hajos
Cinematography Charles J. Stumar
Editing by Russell F. Schoengarth
Milton Carruth
Distributed by Universal Pictures
Release date(s) United States May 13, 1935
Running time 75 minutes
Language English, Tibetan, Latin

Werewolf of London is a 1935 Horror/werewolf movie starring Henry Hull and produced by Universal Pictures. Jack Pierce's eerie werewolf make-up was simpler than his version six years later for Lon Chaney, Jr., in The Wolf Man but, according to film historians, remains strikingly effective as worn by Hull.

Werewolf of London was the first Hollywood mainstream werewolf movie.



Wilfred Glendon (Henry Hull) is a wealthy and world-renowned English botanist who journeys to Tibet in 1935 in search of the elusive mariphasa plant. While there, he is attacked and bitten by a creature later revealed to be a werewolf, although he succeeds in acquiring a specimen of the mariphasa. Once back home in London he is approached by a fellow botanist, Dr. Yogami (Warner Oland), who claims to have met him in Tibet while also seeking the mariphasa. Yogami warns Glendon that the bite of a werewolf would cause him to become a werewolf as well, adding that the mariphasa is a temporary antidote for the disease.

Glendon does not believe the mysterious Yogami. That is, not until he begins to experience the first pangs of lycanthropy, first when his hand grows fur beneath the rays of his moon lamp (which he is using in an effort to entice the mariphasa to bloom), and later that night during the first full moon. The first time, Glendon is able to use a blossom from the mariphasa to stop his transformation. His wife Lisa (Valerie Hobson) is away at her aunt Ettie's party with her friend, former childhood sweetheart Paul Ames (Lester Matthews, seventeen years older than his "childhood sweetheart"), allowing the swiftly transforming Glendon to make his way unhindered to his at-home laboratory, in the hopes of acquiring the mariphasa's flowers to quell his lycanthropy a second time. Unfortunately Dr. Yogami, who is also a werewolf, sneaks into the lab ahead of his rival and steals the only two blossoms. As the third has not bloomed, Glendon is out of luck.

Driven by an instinctive desire to hunt and kill, he dons his hat and coat and ventures out into the dark city, killing an innocent girl. Burdened by remorse, Glendon begins neglecting Lisa (more so than usual), and makes numerous futile attempts to lock himself up far away from home, including renting a room at an inn, or with Mrs. Whack and Mrs. Moncaster. However, whenever he transforms into the werewolf he escapes and kills again. After a time, the third blossum of the mariphasa finally blooms, but much to Glendon's horror, it is stolen by Yogami, sneaking into the lab while Glendon's back is turned. Catching Yogami in the act, Glendon finally realizes that Yogami was the werewolf that attacked him in Tibet. After turning into the werewolf yet again and slaying Yogami, Glendon goes to the house in search of Lisa, for the werewolf instinctively seeks to destroy that which it loves the most.

After attacking Paul on the front lawn of Glendon Manor, but not killing him, Glendon breaks into the house and corners Lisa on the staircase and is about to move in for the kill when Paul's uncle, Col. Sir Thomas Forsythe of Scotland Yard, arriving with several police officers in tow, shoots Glendon once. As he lies dying at the bottom of the stairs, Glendon, still in werewolf form, speaks: first to thank Col. Forsythe for the merciful bullet, then saying goodbye to Lisa, apologizing for not being a good husband to her. Glendon then dies, reverting back to his human form in death.

Sound and make-up

Jack Pierce's original werewolf design for Henry Hull was identical to the one used later for Lon Chaney Jr. in The Wolf Man, but it was rejected in favor of a minimalist approach that was less obscuring to facial expressions. Hull was unwilling to spend hours having makeup applied.[1] The werewolf's howl was an audio blend of Hull and a recording of an actual timber wolf, an approach which was never duplicated in any subsequent werewolf film. Also, at the beginning of the film, the supposed "Tibetan" spoken by villagers in the movie is actually Cantonese; Henry Hull is otherwise just muttering gibberish in his responses to them.


The movie was regarded at the time as too similar to Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde with Fredric March, which had been released only three years before, and flopped at the box-office, but has been regarded by cinema historians as an imaginative classic. One striking similarity between the two films is that each time the man becomes a monster, the monster looks markedly more monstrous than the time before, a feature found in Robert Louis Stevenson's novella Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde as well as most of the movies based upon it.


The film's title inspired at least three other pop culture entries: Warren Zevon's 1978 hit song, "Werewolves of London"; the 1981 film, An American Werewolf in London and the 1987 video game Werewolves of London.


Casting notes

Regarding the cast, Bela Lugosi was considered for the role of Dr. Yogami. Spring Byington, the star of the 1950s sitcom December Bride, played the role of Aunt Ettie. Three years earlier she had also portrayed Marmee, the mother in Little Woman with Katharine Hepburn. Some consider Miss Byington's performance to be the best in the film. Her comedic abilities created a more up-beat ambience which led to some reviews describing the movie as "delightful" rather than "horrific".

Valerie Hobson, who played Hull's character's wife, also played Dr. Henry Frankenstein's kidnapped wife that same year in The Bride of Frankenstein, replacing Mae Clarke, who had a similarly extraordinary year in 1931 playing both Henry Frankenstein's fiancee and having a grapefruit smashed into her face by James Cagney in The Public Enemy.

Lester Matthews plays Paul Ames, who is supposed to be five years older than Valerie Hobson's character. During filming Matthews was 35, and Hobson was 18.


The story has been novelized twice. The first time was in 1977, a paperback novel written under the pseudonym "Carl Dreadstone" (now confirmed as Walter Harris) [2] as part of a short-lived series of books based on the classic Universal horror films. The novel is told from the point of view of Wilfred Glendon (whose first name is now inexplicably spelled "Wilfrid") and thus follows an almost entirely different story structure than the film. In particular it has a different ending. Rather than turning into a werewolf, killing Yogami, and then being shot by Sir Thomas, Glendon decides to cooperate with Yogami and they both attempt to control their transformations through hypnotism. However the plan fails, the hypnotist is killed, and Glendon and Yogami both transform and fight to the death. Glendon wins, killing Yogami, and returns to human form afterwards. The novel then ends with Glendon, alive, contemplating using the hypnotist's gun to commit suicide rather than go on living as a werewolf.

The second time was in 1985, as part of Crestwood House's hardcover Movie Monsters series, again based on the old Universal films. This time, the author was Carl Green, and was considerably shorter, followed the plot of the film more closely, and was illustrated extensively with still photos from the movie.

See also


  1. ^ Clarens, Carlos (1968). Horror Movies: An illustrated Survey. London: Panther Books. pp. 119–20. 
  2. ^ Ian Covell "Ian Covell on ‘Carl Dreadstone’", Souvenirs Of Terror fiendish film & TV show tie-ins, October 3, 2007, accessed 11 July, 2011.

External links

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • An American Werewolf in London — Infobox Film name = An American Werewolf in London caption = An American Werewolf in London film poster amg id = 1:2065 imdb id = 0082010 director = John Landis writer = John Landis starring = David Naughton Griffin Dunne Jenny Agutter producer …   Wikipedia

  • An American Werewolf in London — Filmdaten Deutscher Titel: American Werewolf Originaltitel: An American Werewolf In London Produktionsland: USA Erscheinungsjahr: 1981 Länge: 97 Minuten Originalsprache: Englisch …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • An American Werewolf in London — Título Un hombre lobo americano en Londres Ficha técnica Dirección John Landis Ayudante de dirección David Tringham …   Wikipedia Español

  • An Erotic Werewolf in London — est un film américano britannique de série B réalisé par William Hellfire, sorti en 2006 directement en vidéo. Le titre du film parodie celui du film de John Landis de 1981, An American Werewolf in London. Sommaire 1 Synopsis 2 Fiche technique 3 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • An American Werewolf in London —    Voir Le Loup garou de Londres …   Dictionnaire mondial des Films

  • The Werewolf of London —    Voir Le Monstre de Londres …   Dictionnaire mondial des Films

  • Werewolf fiction — denotes the portrayal of werewolves and other shapeshifting man beasts, in the media of literature, drama, film, games, and music. Werewolf literature includes folklore, legend, saga, fairy tales, Gothic and Horror fiction, fantasy fiction and… …   Wikipedia

  • Werewolf (TV series) — Werewolf was an American action adventure television series, and one of the original shows in the Fox network s broadcast line up during its inaugural season of 1987 1988.The show follows the adventures of Eric Cord (John J. York), a college… …   Wikipedia

  • London in film — London has been used both as a filming location and as a film setting more times than almost any other city in the world, at least outside of the USA.Fact|date=August 2007 These have ranged from historical recreations of the Victorian London of… …   Wikipedia

  • Werewolf — For other uses, see Werewolf (disambiguation). Wolf man and Lycanthrope redirect here. For other uses, see Wolf man (disambiguation) and Lycanthrope (disambiguation) …   Wikipedia