- Popular Socialist Party (Mexico)
The Popular Socialist Party (Spanish: "Partido Popular Socialista", PPS) is a
communist partyin Mexico. It was founded in 1948as the Popular Party ("Partido Popular") by Vicente Lombardo Toledano.
Lombardo Toledano, the initial leader of the
Confederation of Mexican Workers(CTM), decided to launch a new party in response to the increasingly moderate and corrupt policies of the ruling Institutional Revolutionary Party(PRI). The Popular Party was supported by the mine, oil and rail workers' unions, but its potential strength in elections was reduced by the strength of the PRI.
It was renamed the Popular Socialist Party in
1960, and over time its leadership became less critical of the PRI. In subsequent years it was often criticized as being a "loyal opposition," or part of the status quo. This led to a split by the PPS's left wing in the 1970sthat formed the Party of the Mexican People(PPM), which merged with the Mexican Communist Partyto form the Unified Socialist Party of Mexico(PSUM).
1997, a second party with nearly the same name ( Popular Socialist Party of Mexico, or PPSM) split off from the older PPS. This splinter group claims to be the true descendant of Lombardo Toledano's party.
The PPS's traditional political space (i.e. to the left of the PRI) has largely been captured by the
Party of the Democratic Revolution(PRD) since 1989. The PPS lost its registry as a national political party in 1997, though it is currently registered as a national political associationunder the name Popular Socialista.
1948- 1968): Vicente Lombardo Toledano
1968- 1989): Jorge Cruickshank García
1989- 1997): Indalecio Sáyago Herrera
1997): Manuel Fernández Flores
1952): Vicente Lombardo Toledano
1958): Adolfo López Mateos(allied with PRI and PARM)
1964): Gustavo Díaz Ordaz(allied with PRI and PARM)
1970): Luis Echeverría Álvarez(allied with PRI and PARM)
1976): José López Portillo(allied with PRI and PARM)
1982): Miguel de la Madrid(allied with PRI and PARM)
1988): Cuauhtémoc Cárdenas Solórzano(allied with PARM, PFCRN and PMS to form National Democratic Front)
1994): Marcela Lombardo Otero
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