Sénégal River


Sénégal River

The Sénégal River is a 1790 km long river in West Africa, that forms the border between Senegal and Mauritania. It was called "Bambotus" by Pliny the Elder (from Phoenician "behemoth" for hippopotamus) and "Nias" by Claudius Ptolemy. It was visited by Hanno the Carthaginian around 450 BC at his navigation from Carthage through the pillars of Herakles to Theon Ochema (Mount Cameroon) in the Gulf of Guinea. There was trade from here to the Mediterranean World, until the destruction of Carthage and its west African trade net in 146 BC.

As it is formed by the confluence of the Semefé (Bakoy) and Bafing rivers in Bafoulabé, it is considered a sweet water river. The Semefé and Bafing rivers have their mutual source in Guinea; the Bafing River flows through Mali and the Semefé is on the Malinese-Senegalese border.

Approaching its mouth, the Senegal passes through Biffeche and the island on which the city of Saint-Louis, Senegal is located, then turns south. It is separated from the Atlantic Ocean by a thin strip of sand called the Langue de Barbarie before it pours into the ocean itself. The river has two large dams along its course, the Manantali Dam in Mali, and the Maka-Diama dam on the Mauritania-Senegal border, near the outlet to the sea. The Manantali dam was build as a reservoir. The Maka-Diama dam prevents access of salt water into the inner country.

The Senegal River has a drainage basin of 483,181 km² and an estimated annual discharge of 8 million km³. Important tributaries are the Faleme River, Karakoro River, and the Gorgol River.

In 1972 Mali, Mauritania and Senegal founded the Organisation pour la mise en valeur du fleuve Sénégal (OMVS) to manage the river basin. Guinea joined in 2005.

External links

* [http://zope0.itcilo.org/delta/lmdd2003/news/1067611432/1068825691/presentation%20ressources%20en%20eau%20senegal.ppt the Hydrology of Senegal (powerpoint presentation)]


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Sénégal River — River, western Africa. It rises in Guinea and flows northwest across Mali, then west to the Atlantic Ocean, forming the border between Mauritania and Senegal. It is 1,020 mi (1,641 km) long. Its two major headstreams, the Bafing and Bakoye, meet… …   Universalium

  • Senegal River — …   Useful english dictionary

  • Senegal (fleuve) — Sénégal (fleuve) Pour les articles homonymes, voir Sénégal. Sénégal À Saint Louis du Sénégal Caractéri …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Senegal (Fluss) — Sénégal Einzugsgebiet des SenegalVorlage:Infobox Fluss/KARTE fehlt …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Senegal — /sen i gawl , gahl /, n. 1. a republic in W Africa: independent member of the French Community; formerly part of French West Africa. 9,403,546; 76,084 sq. mi. (197,057 sq. km). Cap.: Dakar. 2. a river in W Africa, flowing NW from E Mali to the… …   Universalium

  • Senegal — Infobox Country native name = République du Sénégal conventional long name = Republic of Senegal |common name = Senegal national motto = Un Peuple, Un But, Une Foi nbsp|2(French) One People, One Goal, One Faith national anthem = Pincez Tous vos… …   Wikipedia

  • Sénégal (fleuve) — 15°47′17″N 16°31′44″O / 15.78806, 16.52889 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • river — river1 riverless, adj. riverlike, adj. /riv euhr/, n. 1. a natural stream of water of fairly large size flowing in a definite course or channel or series of diverging and converging channels. 2. a similar stream of something other than water: a… …   Universalium

  • Senegal gum — noun gum arabic from the vicinity of the Senegal river • Hypernyms: ↑gum arabic, ↑gum acacia * * * noun Usage: usually capitalized S : gum arabic from the vicinity of the Senegal river …   Useful english dictionary

  • SENEGAL —    1) an important river of West Africa, formed by the junction, at Bafulabé, of two head streams rising in the highlands of Western Soudan; flows NW., W., and SW., a course of 706 m., and discharges into the Atlantic 10 m. below St. Louis;… …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia


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