Iraqi revolt against the British


Iraqi revolt against the British

The Iraqi revolt against the British started in Baghdad in the summer of 1920 with mass demonstrations of both Sunni and Shia, including protests by embittered officers from the old Ottoman army, against the policies of Sir Arnold Wilson. The revolt gained momentum when it spread to the largely Shia regions of the middle and lower Euphrates. Sheikh Mehdi Al-Khalissi was a prominent Shia leader of the revolt.Although the revolt was largely over by the end of 1920, it dragged on until 1922.The biggest revolt came from the Kurds, who formed two kingdoms. The king of the Kurds was Sheik Mahmoud Barzinji. During the revolt, Britain used white phosphorus bombs against Kurdish villagers. Legal experts consider phosphorus bombs chemical weapons when their chemical rather than incendiary properties are used in the role of an anti-personnel weapon.Fact|date=February 2008 These weapons were also used in Al-Habbniyah in Al-Anbar province.

References

ee also

*Gas in Mesopotamia
*British Mandate of Mesopotamia
*RAF Iraq Command


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