- St. John Ambulance
name = St John Ambulance Foundation
caption = St John Ambulance Foundation logo
mcaption = Countries with national organizations affiliated to SJA
abbreviation = SJA
motto = Pro Fide Pro Utilitate Hominum (
Latinfor "For the Faith" and "In the Service of Humanity")
formation = 1877
purpose = Medical care, humanitarian relief, youth programmes
headquarters = Priory House, 25 St John's Lane,
Clerkenwell, LondonEC1M 4PP, England, United Kingdom
membership = 39 national organizations
parent_organization = Order of St John
num_volunteers = 250,000
website = http://www.orderofstjohn.org
St John Ambulance, branded as St John in some territories, is a common name used by a number of affiliated organizations in different countries dedicated to the teaching and practice of medical
first aidand the provision of ambulanceservices, all of which derive their origins from the St John Ambulance Association founded in 1877 in England. Each national group falls within the charge of a Priory or National Council of the Venerable Order of Saint Johnin which each Priory ranks alongside the others.
In several priories St John Ambulance has commercial sections or subsidiaries operating to generate surplus for charitable activities, these are structured much like other commercial bodies. The membership aspect of St John Ambulance is largely ranked, and members fall into a hierarchical structure of command. Ranks run from corporals, through sergeants and officers all the way up to high national ranks, but there is significant variation between Priories and it is hard to generalise the structure too much from an international perspective.
Most members of St John Ambulance are not themselves members of the Order, and vice versa, so a major presence of the Order does not dictate a major presence of St John Ambulance. Most notably, the Order of St John is a Christian organization, whereas St John Ambulance is keen to ensure there is no allegiance to any particular religion or denomination, so as to remain available to all. St John Ambulance works on a more geographical nature than the Order, and has to contend with the differing national laws, medical practices and cultures of countries.
National and regional
The legal status of each organization varies by country, in both England and Wales the resident St John Ambulance organizations are simultaneously but separately registered as
charitiesand companies; differently, St John Ambulance South Africa (for the sake of example) is a distinct entity registered as a "public benefit organization".
Due to the significant differences between St John Ambulance in different countries, separate articles are provided for each independent presence:
St John Ambulance Australia
St. John Ambulance in Canada
St. John Ambulance in England and Wales
St. John Ambulance in Hong Kong
St. John Ambulance in India
St. John Ambulance Brigade of Ireland
St. John Ambulance of Malaysia
St John New Zealand
St. John Ambulance in Singapore
St. John Ambulance in Sri Lanka
*St John Ambulance in British Forces Overseas
Ophthalmic Hospital in Jerusalem
Another foundation the Order of St. John maintains is the Ophthalmic Hospital in Jerusalem, which provides comprehensive patient care and nursing treatment to sufferers from eye disease in the
Name and mottoes
In formal British English, where the Order of St John is based, St is the abbreviated form of Saint, whilst St. is the abbreviation of Street. Corporate and National logos began to reflect this as a change from St. (with the dot) in 2006-7. Fact|date=July 2008
The unusual name of the organization has been known to cause confusion to members of the public, and many people often assume that the "St John" prefix indicates a church related organization. In fact, in its modern form, the prefix refers to the Order of St. John (which in fact is a religious organization) and is used as an adjective. However, it is often assumed to be used as a noun, and this leads to the organization being frequently incorrectly termed "St John's Ambulance", a long standing source of irritation to some members. This is further perpetuated since members on duty are often referred to collectively as "St John's". In terms of the Order, the original allegiance was to
John the Baptist; this allegiance is not however inherited by St John Ambulance.
The order's mottoes are "Pro fide" (For the faith) and "Pro utilitate hominum" (For the service of mankind). The 'Priory of England and The Islands' has recently replaced the Latin mottoes with a single English sentence: "For the faith and in the service of humanity", which some see as a controversial move. However in December 2006 it was agreed by Priory Council that this move should be partially reversed and the Latin mottoes were reintroduced in the Cadet Code of Chivalry.
tructure of the Order
The order is not to be confused with the
Sovereign Military Order of Maltaor other members of the Alliance of the Orders of St. John of Jerusalem. There are also " copycat" organizations using the St John name which are not generally recognised by members of the Alliance of Orders of St. John.
Falling under the direction of the Order of St John, St John Ambulance mirrors the structure of the Order. The Order is divided internationally into Priories, reflecting the monastic history of the original
Knights Hospitaller. However, these modern priories are not monastic in nature and are used purely as terminology within the organization. Eight priories are prescribed by the [http://www.orderofstjohn.org/pdf/regs2003.pdf Order of St John Regulations] :
* The Priory of England and The Islands
* The Priory of Scotland
* The Priory in Australia
* The Priory of Canada
* The Priory in New Zealand
* The Priory for South Africa
* The Priory in the United States of America
* The Priory for Wales
The Priory of England and The Islands is the home priory of the Order, and any country which does not belong to its own dedicated priory is assumed into this home priory. Most of these are small Commonwealth islands, or countries in which there is only a minor presence.
That said, the relationship between the Order of St. John and St. John Ambulance is not directly paralleled. This explains somewhat why a breakdown into Priories may not be tantamount to a breakdown of St John Ambulance.
*1511: The young King
Henry VIIIwas named protector of the Order .
*1540: The English branch of the Order of St John, the
Knights Hospitallers, property is confiscated by Henry VIII.
*1826: An idea to re-establish the Order within England is put forward by some remaining French Knights of the original worldwide Order.
*1841: The "St John's Day Declaration" is prepared, seeking official recognition of the new English Order by the original Order, now known as
10 July 1877: St John Ambulance Association formed to teach first-aid in large railway centres and mining districts.
*June 1887: St John Ambulance Brigade is formed as a uniformed organization to provide a First Aid and Ambulance services at public events.
14 May 1888: English Order of St John is granted royal charter by Queen Victoria.
*1908: By mutual agreement with
St Andrew's Ambulance Association, St John Ambulance Association ceased operating in Scotland but the Order continued to operate.
*1999 The Order of St John celebrated its 900th anniversary worldwide
Order of St John (Protestant Continental Europe)
*Order of St John
St John Ambulance Ranks and Insignia
Service Medal of the Order of St John
* [http://www.orderofstjohn.org/index.php?page=st-john-ambulance St John Ambulance] - official website
* [http://flagspot.net/flags/int-stja.html The flag of St John Ambulance in 1999]
* [http://www.sja.org.uk/ St John Ambulance (England and Northern Ireland)]
* [http://www.stjohnwales.org.uk/ St John Cymru - Wales]
* [http://www.sjatraining.com/ St John Ambulance Online Training (Canada)]
* [http://www.stjohnscotland.org.uk/ Order of St John, Priory of Scotland]
* [http://www.sja.ie/ St John Ambulance Brigade of Ireland ]
* [http://www.stjohnambulance.ie/ St John Ambulance Brigade of Ireland - Southern Command]
* [http://www.stjohn.org.hk/en/ St John Ambulance in Hong Kong]
* [http://www.sjam.org.my St John Ambulance of Malaysia]
* [http://www.stjohnnsw.com.au/default.html New South Wales, Australia]
* [http://www.stjohnsrilanka.org St. John Ambulance - Sri Lanka ]
* [http://www.stjohnambulance.co.za/default.asp St John Ambulance, South Africa]
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Look at other dictionaries:
St John Ambulance — noun a voluntary first aid organisation founded in England in 1887; in Australia, the St John Ambulance Association, which trains people in first aid and provides home nursing, was established in Sydney in 1890 and the St John Ambulance Brigade,… … Australian English dictionary
St John Ambulance — UK [sənt ˌdʒɒn ˈæmbjʊləns] US [sənt ˌdʒɑn ˈæmbjələns] an organization whose members give medical help to people at public events http://www.macmillandictionary.com/med2cd/weblinks/st john ambulance.htm Thesaurus: health organizationshyponym … Useful english dictionary
St John Ambulance — St John Am|bu|lance also St John s Ambulance a British organization whose unpaid members are trained to give ↑first aid to anyone who is hurt or becomes ill. They often attend sports and other public events … Dictionary of contemporary English
St John Ambulance — UK [sənt ˌdʒɒn ˈæmbjʊləns] / US [sənt ˌdʒɑn ˈæmbjələns] an organization whose members give medical help to people at public events … English dictionary
St John Ambulance in England and Wales — Infobox Organization name = St John Ambulance England and the Islands caption = Logo of St John Ambulance England and the Islands motto = Pro fide Pro utilitate hominum (Latin: for the faith and in the service of humanity) formation = 1877 type … Wikipedia
St John Ambulance Australia — Infobox Organization name = St John Ambulance Australia|5px size = 89 caption = abbreviation = SJAA motto = formation = 1883 type = Charitable organisation Limited company headquarters = Canberra Avenue, Forrest, ACT 2603 location = Australia… … Wikipedia
St. John Ambulance Brigade of Ireland — Infobox Organization name = The St. John Ambulance Brigade of Ireland size = 88 motto = Pro fide Pro utilitate hominum (Latin: for the faith and in the service of humanity) abbreviation = SJAB formation = 1903 type = Charitable organisation… … Wikipedia
St. John Ambulance in Hong Kong — Hong Kong St. John Ambulance is a charitable organization with a long history stretching back over a century and has been serving the community since 1884.In Hong Kong, the St. John Ambulance Association was established in 1884, followed by the… … Wikipedia
St. John Ambulance in Canada — St. John Ambulance (SJA) is a very well known organization in Canada [ cite web|url=http://www.sja.ca/Canada/AboutUs/History/Pages/OurHistoryinCanada.aspx|title=Our History in Canada |accessdate=2008 09 29 ] and is the most successful non profit… … Wikipedia
St John Ambulance Australia New South Wales — Infobox Organization name = St John Ambulance Australia|5px size = 89 caption = abbreviation = SJAA motto = formation = 1883 type = Charitable organisation Limited company headquarters = Canberra Avenue, Forrest, ACT 2603 location = Australia… … Wikipedia