- Sakurai Prize
The J. J. Sakurai Prize is a prize in theoretical particle physics whose purpose is to recognize outstanding work.The prize is awarded by
American Physical Societyand is officially presented at the APS April meeting every year.The prize was endowed in 1984 as a memorial to J. J. Sakuraiby his family.
Winners of the J. J. Sakurai Prize
* 2008 Alexei Smirnov and
Stanislav Mikheyev:"For pioneering and influential work on the enhancement of neutrino oscillations in matter, which is essential to a quantitative understanding of the solar neutrino flux."
Stanley Brodsky:"For applications of perturbative quantum field theory to critical questions of elementary particle physics, in particular, to the analysis of hard exclusive strong interaction processes."
Savas Dimopoulos:“For his creative ideas on dynamical symmetry breaking, supersymmetry, and extra spatial dimensions, which have shaped theoretical research on TeV-scale physics, thereby inspiring a wide range of experiments.”
Susumu Okubo:“For groundbreaking investigations into the pattern of hadronic masses and decay rates, which provided essential clues into the development of the quark model, and for demonstrating that CP violation permits partial decay rate asymmetries.”
Ikaros Bigiand Anthony Sanda:“For pioneering theoretical insights that pointed the way to the very fruitful experimental study of CP violation in B decays, and for continuing contributions to the fields of CP and heavy flavor physics.”
Alfred Muellerand George Sterman:"For developing concepts and techniques in QCD, such as infrared safety and factorization in hard processes, which permitted precise quantitative predictions and experimental tests, and thereby helped to establish QCD as the theory of the strong interactions."
William J. Marcianoand Alberto Sirlin:"For their pioneering work on radiative corrections, which made precision electroweak studies a powerful method of probing the Standard Model and searching for new physics."
Nathan Isgur, Mikhail Voloshin, Mark Wise:"For the construction of the heavy quark mass expansion and the discovery of the heavy quark symmetry in quantum chromodynamics, which led to a quantitative theory of the decays of c and b flavored hadrons. "
Curtis Callan:"For his classic formulation of the renormalization group, his contributions to instantonphysics and to the theory of monopolesand strings."
Mikhail Shifman, Arkady Vainshtein, and Valentine Zakharov:"For fundamental contributions to the understanding of non-perturbative QCD, non-leptonic weak decays, and the analytic properties of supersymmetric gauge theories."
Leonard Susskind:"For his pioneering contributions to hadronic string models, lattice gauge theories, quantum chromodynamics, and dynamical symmetry breaking."
Thomas Appelquist:"For his pioneering work on charmonium and on the de-coupling of heavy particles."
William A. Bardeen:"For fundamental insights into the structure and meaning of the axial anomaly and for contributions to the understanding of perturbative quantum chromodynamics."
Howard Georgi:"For his pioneering contributions toward the unification of strong and electroweak interactions, and for his application of quantum chromodynamicsto the properties and interactions of hadrons."
Yoichiro Nambu:For contributions in understanding strong dynamics.
Mary K. Gaillard:For the prediction of the charm quark.
Lincoln Wolfenstein:For his contributions to CP violation and developments in neutrino propagation through matter.
Stephen L. Adler
Luciano Maianiand John Iliopoulos
David Gross, H. David Politzer, and Frank Wilczek:For the discovery of asymptotic freedom in non-abelian gauge theories and their application to QCD.
Toshihide Maskawaand Makoto Kobayashi
* [http://www.aps.org/programs/honors/prizes/sakurai.cfm J. J. Sakurai Prize for Theoretical Particle Physics] APS
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