Adrenalize


Adrenalize

Infobox Album
Name = Adrenalize
Type = studio
Artist = Def Leppard


Released = start date|1992|3|31
Recorded = 1989-1991 in the Netherlands and Ireland
Genre = Hard rock, heavy metal, pop rock
Length = 45:24
Label = Mercury (US/Japan)
Bludgeon Riffola
Vertigo (Canada)
Producer = Mike Shipley and Def Leppard
Reviews =
* Allmusic Rating|2.5|5 [http://www.allmusic.com/cg/amg.dll?p=amg&sql=10:kudsyl4jxpbb~T1 link]
*
* "Rolling Stone" Rating|4|5 [http://www.rollingstone.com/artists/defleppard/albums/album/307670/review/5943488/adrenalize link]
Last album = "Hysteria"
(1987)
This album = "Adrenalize"
(1992)
Next album = "Retro Active"
(1993)
Misc = Singles
Name = Adrenalize
Type = studio
Single 1 = Let's Get Rocked
Single 1 date = March 1992
Single 2 = Make Love Like a Man
Single 2 date = June 1992
Single 3 = Have You Ever Needed Someone So Bad
Single 3 date = September 1992
Single 4 = Stand Up (Kick Love into Motion)
Single 4 date = December 1992 (US)
Single 5 = Heaven Is
Single 5 date = January 1993 (UK)
Single 6 = Tonight
Single 6 date = March 1993

"Adrenalize" is the fifth studio album by British hard rock band Def Leppard, released in 1992. The album was the first by the band following the 1991 death of guitarist Steve Clark. It was produced by Mike Shipley and Def Leppard, with Robert John "Mutt" Lange as executive producer.

History

At the end of the "Hysteria" world tour in October 1988, Def Leppard vowed to the press that their next album would not take another four years to be released, and quickly reconvened weeks later to start work. However, Steve Clark's alcoholism was taking a turn for the worse. Whereas touring had kept him sober onstage, offstage his condition was beginning to affect his work in the studio. In addition, Mutt Lange was unavailable to return as producer as he was working with Canadian rocker Bryan Adams on "Waking up the Neighbours".

The band chose to produce the album themselves. Steve's problems did not help to advance progress and in fact, was starting to set them back. In late 1989, Clark would be found unconscious in a gutter in Minneapolis, Minnesota. He was immediately sent to rehab, and band members (along with Lange) started attending confrontational therapy to attempt to shame him into defeating his addictions. In a desperate move to help their friend, guitar tech Malvin Mortimer would be assigned to keep a 24 hour watch on Clark, according to Joe Elliott, it was a difficult task.

None of this would prove to be fruitful, and in August 1990 the band granted Clark a six-month leave of absence. While it was hoped that this break would free him of any stresses, the band seemed resigned to the fact that they could no longer do anything for Clark.

On January 8 1991, Steve Clark was found dead in his London home by his girlfriend Janie Dean. The coroner's report revealed that Clark had died of an accidental mix of alcohol with painkillers and anti-depressants that led to compression of the brain stem.

After a short period of uncertainty about the band's future, the remaining members decided to resume work on the album. Former Lange engineer Mike Shipley was hired as co-producer, while Lange maintained a minor role via phone calls and demos sent to him.

A search for Clark's replacement was held off until after the completion of the album, and recording sessions progressed quickly in the year that followed. On March 31 1992, "Adrenalize" was released worldwide. While some reviews were favorable ("Rolling Stone" magazine awarded it 4 out of 5 stars), many critics attacked the album for being formulaic and too similar to "Hysteria".

Further complicating matters, "Adrenalize" was released during the time when grunge and alternative rock bands were breaking into the mainstream at the expense of "glam/pop metal" bands. Nonetheless, "Adrenalize" debuted at the number one position in both the UK and the US (quickly going triple platinum there). The album has sold over 7 million copies worldwide. [Album sales - Source BBC News [http://www.bbc.co.uk/dna/h2g2/alabaster/A425828] ] The album was dedicated to the memory of Steve Clark.

Former Dio and Whitesnake guitarist Vivian Campbell, a longtime friend of the band, was brought in as the newest member in April 1992. He appears in all promotional videos for the album's singles (except "Let's Get Rocked"), despite not playing on the album.

Track listing

tracklist
writing_credits = yes
title1 = Let's Get Rocked
writer1 = Phil Collen, Joe Elliott, Mutt Lange, Rick Savage
length1 = 4:56
title2 = Heaven Is
writer2 = Steve Clark, Collen, Elliott, Lange, Savage
length2 = 3:37
title3 = Make Love Like a Man
writer3 = Clark, Collen, Elliott, Lange
length3 = 4:13
title4 = Tonight
writer4 = Clark, Collen, Elliott, Lange, Savage
length4 = 4:03
title5 = White Lightning
writer5 = Collen, Elliott, Lange, Savage
length5 = 7:03
title6 = Stand Up (Kick Love into Motion)
writer6 = Clark, Collen, Elliott, Lange
length6 = 4:31
title7 = Personal Property
writer7 = Collen, Elliott, Lange, Savage
length7 = 4:20
title8 = Have You Ever Needed Someone So Bad
writer8 = Collen, Elliott, Lange
length8 = 5:25
title9 = I Wanna Touch U
writer9 = Rick Allen, Clark, Collen, Elliott, Lange
length9 = 3:38
title10 = Tear It Down
writer10 = Clark, Collen, Elliott, Savage
length10 = 3:38

Note: Some CD versions of the album include non-album B-sides as bonus tracks.

Personnel

*Joe Elliott – the voice
*Phil Collenall guitars except acoustic guitar on "Tonight", Cockney rhyming rap on "Make Love Like a Man"
*Rick SavageHamer 5-string, acoustic guitar on "Tonight"
*Rick Allenskins

Additional Personnel

*The Sideways Mob – backing vocals
* Phil "Crash" Nicholas – keyboards on "Stand Up (Kick Love into Motion)"

Production

*Mike "Bat Ears" Shipley – producer, engineer, mixing
*Def Leppard – producer
*Pete Woodroffe – engineer, programming, sequencing
*Robert John "Mutt" Lange – executive producer
*Robert Scovill – assistant engineer
*Bob Ludwig – mastering
*Andie Airfix – art direction
*Pamela Springsteen – photography

Chart positions

Album

Notes

References

*cite album-notes
title = Adrenalize
albumlink = Adrenalize
bandname = Def Leppard
year = 1992
format = CD booklet
publisher = Mercury
publisherid= 314 512 185-2
location = London, England
mbid = 271b6947-5144-4c75-a0d4-4f2066f0346b

succession box
before = "Wayne's World (soundtrack)"
by Various Artists
title = "Billboard" 200 number-one album
years = April 18May 22 1992
after = "Totally Krossed Out" by Kriss Kross
succession box
before = "Human Touch" by Bruce Springsteen
title = UK number one album
years = April 11, 1992April 17, 1992
after = "Diva" by Annie Lennox
succession box
before = "Hepfidelity" by Diesel
title = Australian ARIA Albums Chart number-one album
years = April 12April 25 1992
after = "Blood Sugar Sex Magik"
by Red Hot Chili Peppers


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