Jack Frost


Jack Frost

In English folklore, Jack Frost appears as an elfish creature who personifies crisp, cold, winter weather; a variant of Father Winter (also known as "Old Man Winter"). Somewho? believe this representation originated in Viking folklore.

Tradition holds Jack Frost responsible for leaving frosty crystal patterns on windows on cold mornings (window frost or fern frost).

Possible sources and parallels

Those who believe in Viking folklore roots state that the English language derives the name "Jack Frost" from the Norse character names, Jokul ("icicle") and Frosti ("frost"). Another theory sees "Jack Frost" as a much more recent import into Anglo-Saxon culture from a Russian fairy tale (see Morozko). In the Finnish epos "Kalevala" (canto number 30, as translated from Finnish into English by Keith Bosley) Jack Frost appears as the son of Blast, "Pakkanen Puhurin Poika". [See [http://www.kaapeli.fi/maailma/kalevala/KOLMASKYMMENES.html Finnish Kalevala] )] Other tales in Russia represent frost as Father Frost, a smith who binds water and earth together with heavy chains. Compare the German folklore figure, the old woman "Frau Holle", who causes snow by shaking white feathers out of her bed.

Jack Frost mayOr|date=June 2008 represent an ancestral memory of the Anglo-Saxon and Norse God, Ullr, one of the twelve Aesir. Ullr, the god of the winter and snowFact|date=June 2008, can have epithets such as "ski-god", "bow-god", "hunting-god" and "shield-god". In Germanic paganism, Ullr appears as a major god in prehistoric times, or even an epitheton (*wulþuz, Old English "wuldor", meaning "glory") of the head of the pantheon of Germanic mythology. The 3rd-century Thorsberg chape and late Icelandic sources mention Ullr, but little other information regarding the god has survived.

In fiction

Printed works

* Cecily Pike wrote a children's nursery-song describing Jack Frost as a "gay little sprite" and beginning with the words "Look out! Look out! Jack Frost is about! He's after your fingers and toes!"
* Laurell K. Hamilton's "Meredith Gentry" series has a character who within the context of the book emerges as the original Jack Frost.
* Jack Frost appears as a superhero in works published by Timely Comics (now Marvel Comics) in the 1940s. A man covered in ice, he could project ice and cold.
* Jack Frost forms the alter-ego of Dane McGowan in the comic book series "The Invisibles", written by Grant Morrison.
* Jack Frost appears as a minor character in the books "Reaper Man" and "Hogfather" by Terry Pratchett.
* Jack Frost appears as a major character in Ed McCray's novel "Jill Chill and the Baron of Glacier Mountain" [ [http://www.edmccray.com Welcome to www.EdMcCray.com - Official Website of Ed McCray and Jill Chill ] ]
* Jack Frost appears as a major character in "The Veil" trilogy of novels by Christopher Golden.
* Jack Frost appears as a mischievous character in a few panels of National Comics' "Superman's Pal, Jimmy Olsen" #33 (December, 1958).

Films

* "Jack Frost", a Russo-Finnish film from 1964, has the Russian title "Morozko" — the Russian equivalent of Jack Frost. Mystery Science Theater 3000, episode #813, riffed it mercilessly.
* The character of Jack Frost appears in three United States films, two of them named simply "Jack Frost":
** In one "Jack Frost", a serial killer turns into a snowman and continues his rampage. This movie spawned a sequel: "", also starring this version of Jack Frost.
** In the other "Jack Frost" film, Michael Keaton plays a human by the name of Jack Frost, who gets killed in a car-crash on Christmas Eve. A year later he returns as a snowman to spend time with his son and make up for all the times his band forced him to miss out on events in his son's life.
* Jack Frost appears as the title character in a 1934 release of Ub Iwerks's ComiColor Cartoons.

Televised material

* In "Frosty's Winter Wonderland", Jack Frost, jealous of Frosty the Snowman because of all the attention he gets from children, tries to render him lifeless by stealing his magic hat, but eventually has a change of heart when chosen as the best man at Frosty and Crystal's wedding. He reappears in "Rudolph and Frosty's Christmas in July".
* In "Jack Frost", a claymation Rankin-Bass Christmas TV special (1979), Jack Frost falls in love with a human girl and seeks to become human. Father Winter grants his wish, but tells him that if he does not have a house, a horse, a bag of gold, and a wife by "the first sign of spring" he will become a sprite again.

In pop culture

* The name Jack Frost has been quoted in the MMORPG "Anachy Online", where several 'items' have been given the description of various "quotes" by Jack Frost. See: http://auno.org/ao/db.php?id=245866 for an example.
* Jack Frost appears as an evil ice general in the computer role-playing game AdventureQuest.
* Doom metal band Saint Vitus have a song called "Jack Frost"
* The progressive rock band Jethro Tull have a Christmas song called "Jack Frost and the Hooded Crow"
* Jack Frost functions as a trademark character for the Japanese game-developer Atlus and as a mascot of the Megami Tensei video-game series. His other variations include Black Frost, King Frost, and Pyro Jack. He is depicted as a stereotypical snowman and frequently uses his trademark "Hee-ho!" in his speech.
* Jack Frost appears in "" played by Martin Short. This character, jealous of the attention Santa Claus (Tim Allen) receives, wants to assume the position of Santa Claus.
* Jack Frost appears as a snowman in the MMORPG "Granado Espada".
* Jack Frost features in a number of video games (including "City of Villains" and "Guild Wars") as a player-summonable creature.
* The radio station WRHS-FM 89.7 in Norridge, Illinois brands its holiday music format as "Jack Frost".

As a pseudonym

* Bob Dylan used the name "Jack Frost" as a pseudonym when he produced his 2001 album "Love and Theft", as well as his 2006 record, "Modern Times".
* Jack Rosenberg (later known as "Werner Erhard") used the nickname "Jack Frost", while selling cars in Philadelphia in the 1950sPressman, Steven, "Outrageous Betrayal: The dark journey of Werner Erhard from est to exile". New York: St. Martin's Press, 1993, page 6. ISBN 0-312-09296-2]
* Jack Dempsey, the guitarist of the Seven Witches, goes by the pseudonym of "Jack Frost". Apart from his work in Seven Witches he has also released two solo albums, many famous (heavy) metal artists joining him.

See also

* Father Frost, a Russian "skazka"

References


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Jack Frost — bezeichnet im Englischen eine volkstümliche Figur, die Winter, Kälte und Eis personifiziert; vergleichbar mit dem russischen Väterchen Frost eine Horrorkomödie aus dem Jahr 1997; siehe Jack Frost – Der eiskalte Killer deren Fortsetzung Jack Frost …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Jack Frost — Jack Jack (j[a^]k), n. [F. Jacques James, L. Jacobus, Gr. ?, Heb. Ya aq[=o]b Jacob; prop., seizing by the heel; hence, a supplanter. Cf. {Jacobite}, {Jockey}.] [1913 Webster] 1. A familiar nickname of, or substitute for, John. [1913 Webster] You… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Jack Frost — Frost Frost (fr[o^]st; 115), n. [OE. frost, forst, AS. forst, frost. fr. fre[ o]san to freeze; akin to D. varst, G., OHG., Icel., Dan., & Sw. frost. [root]18. See {Freeze}, v. i.] 1. The act of freezing; applied chiefly to the congelation of… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • jack frost — If everything has frozen in winter, then Jack Frost has visited …   The small dictionary of idiomes

  • Jack Frost — n [singular] a way of describing ↑frost as a person used especially when talking to children …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • Jack Frost — noun an imaginary person who brings the FROST (=ice on the ground or on a window) and represents winter …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English

  • Jack Frost — Jack′ Frost′ n. myt frost or freezing cold personified • Etymology: 1815–25 …   From formal English to slang

  • Jack Frost — ► NOUN ▪ a personification of frost …   English terms dictionary

  • Jack Frost — n. frost or cold weather personified …   English World dictionary

  • Jack Frost — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Jack Frost est le titre de plusieurs films : Jack Frost (1996), un film d horreur, dont il existe une suite, Jack Frost 2 Jack Frost (1998), un drame …   Wikipédia en Français


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