- Short Singapore
name =S.19 Singapore
type =military flying boat
caption =Singapore Mark III, K8565 ‘Q’.
first flight =
15 June 1934
primary user =RAF
more users =RNZAF
produced =1934 - 1937
number built =37
unit cost =
variants with their own articles =
The Singapore name first appeared in the mid-1920s, on a one-off, twin-engined, record-breaking aircraft. The design was developed into two four-engined versions; the prototype Singapore II and production Singapore III. The latter became the
Royal Air Force's main long-range maritime patrol flying boat of the 1930s and saw service against the Japanese with the Royal New Zealand Air Force.
Design and development
The first large all-metal flying boat called a
Singaporewas the Short S.5 Singapore I. This was a biplane design with single fin and rudder, originally powered by two Rolls-Royce CondorIIIA 650 hp engines. One aircraft was built and first flew at Rochester on 17 August 1926, piloted by Shorts' Chief Test Pilot, John Lankester Parker. The type did not enter production, but was used by Sir Alan Cobhamfor a survey flight around Africa. Registered "G-EBUP", it left Rochester on 17 November 1927and arrived at the Cape on 30 March 1928, returning to Rochester on the 4 June 1928. It was displayed at Olympia in July 1929.
The Short S.12 Singapore II which followed was a development of the Singapore I with 4 engines, mounted in tractor/pusher pairs (
push-pull configuration). The single example of this aircraft to be built was first flown in 1930, also by John Lankester Parker.
From the Singapore II came a design with 4 engines and triple fins. In 1933 the British
Air Ministryordered 4 flying boats based upon the Singapore II for trials with squadrons under specification R.3/33. These would be followed by a further production order to specification R.14/34. These aircraft, the Short S.19 Singapore III, had all-metal hulls and fabric-covered metal flying surfaces. They were powered by four 675 hp Rolls-Royce KestrelIX mounted between the wings in two tandem push-pull pairs, similar to the Singapore IIs. The crew of 6 was located in a central cabin and fore, aft and midships open gun positions ( Vickers machine gunor Lewis gun). A long range fuel tank could be carried externally on the dorsal hull. The first Singapore III flew on 15 June1934. Although obsolescent by the time the first aircraft entered service with No. 210 Squadron RAFin January 1935, the type arrived just in time to benefit from the arms race of the late 1930s and 37 were built. Production terminated in June 1937.
Singapores proved surprisingly tough; after the type was retired by the
RNZAFthe "Kiwis" attempted to crush one with a bulldozer, only to see the dozer drive the length of the lower wing without making an impressionFact|date=February 2007.
No. 230 Squadron RAFwas the first squadron equipped with Singapore IIIs. It deployed to Alexandriain 1935. During 1937 the Singapores of No. 209 Squadron RAFand No. 210 Squadron moved from Maltato Algeriaas part of an international effort to prevent gun runningduring the Spanish Civil War.
Replacement of the Singapore with the
Short Sunderlandwas well underway by the outbreak of World War II, however 19 survivors saw limited service in secondary theatres, mainly in a training role. The last RAF unit operating the type was No. 205 Squadron RAFin, appropriately enough, Singaporewhich relinquished its aircraft in October 1941. Four 205 squadron aircraft found their way to No. 5 Squadron RNZAFin Fiji, for use against German raiders. When Japan attacked in December, the New Zealandaircraft found themselves in the front line. They accounted for a Japanese submarine and conducted several air sea rescues before being replaced by Consolidated Catalinas.
No Singapores are known to have survived.
;Short S.5 Singapore I: First design aircraft powered by two Rolls-Royce Condor IIIA engines, one aircraft built.
;Short S.12 Singapore II: A development of the Singapore I powered by 4 engines, single example built.
;Short S.19 Singapore III: A development of the Singapore II powered by 4 Rolls-Royce Kestrel IX engines and equipped with triple fins. 37 were built.
Royal New Zealand Air Force
No. 5 Squadron RNZAF[http://www.adf-serials.com/nz-serials/K6912.shtml adf-serials.com] ;UK
Royal Air Force
No. 203 Squadron RAF
No. 205 Squadron RAF
No. 209 Squadron RAF
No. 210 Squadron RAF
No. 228 Squadron RAF
No. 230 Squadron RAF
No. 240 Squadron RAF
pecifications (Singapore III to R.14/34)
plane or copter?=plane
jet or prop?=prop
ref=Singapore:Shorts Last Biplane Boatcite journal
coauthors =Swanborough, G
title =Singapore: Short's Last Biplane Boat
journal =Air Enthusiast
volume = 39
publisher =Tri-Service Press
date = May-August 1989
accessdate = ]
length main= 64 ft 2 in
length alt=19.56 m
span main=90 ft
span alt=27.43 m
span sweep= 5 degrees
height main=23 ft 7 in
height alt= 7.19 m
area main= 1,465 sq ft
area alt= 170.4 m²
empty weight main= 20,364 lb
empty weight alt= 9,237
loaded weight main= 28,160 lb
loaded weight alt= 12,773 kg
useful load main=
useful load alt=
max takeoff weight main= 32,390 lb
max takeoff weight alt= 14,692 kg
type of prop=piston (pusher/tractor configuration)
number of props=4
power main= 675 hp
power alt=418 kW
max speed main= 136 mph
max speed alt= 219 km/h
max speed more= (at 5,000 ft and normal weight)
cruise speed main= 123 mph
cruise speed alt= 198 km/h
stall speed main=
stall speed alt=
never exceed speed main=
never exceed speed alt=
range main= 1,000 micite web |title=British Aircraft of World War II |url=http://www.jaapteeuwen.com/ww2aircraft/html%20pages/SHORT%20S19%20SINGAPORE%20III.htm
range alt= 1,610 km
ceiling main= 15,000 ft
ceiling alt= 4,570 m
climb rate main= 700 ft/min
climb rate alt= 3.6 m/s
* Endurance: 6 hours 15 minutes
*Guns: Three 0.303 in
*Bombs: Up to 1,100 lb bombs under wings.
List of aircraft of the RAF
List of seaplanes
* Green, William. "Warplanes of the Second World War, Volume five: Flying Boats". London: Macdonald & Co. (Publishers) Ltd., 1962. Fifth impression 1972. ISBN 0-356-01449-5.
* [http://www.britishaircraft.co.uk/aircraftpage.php?ID=330 British Aircraft Directory entry]
* [http://www.jaapteeuwen.com/ww2aircraft/html%20pages/SHORT%20S19%20SINGAPORE%20III.htm British Aircraft of World War II]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
Look at other dictionaries:
Short Scion — infobox Aircraft name = S.16 Scion/Scion II type = Light transport landplane/floatplane manufacturer = Short Brothers Pobjoy Airmotors Ltd. caption = designer = Arthur Gouge first flight = 18 August 1933 introduced = retired = produced = number… … Wikipedia
Short S.8 Calcutta — infobox Aircraft name = S.8 Calcutta type = Biplane airliner flying boat manufacturer = Short Brothers caption = View shows the pilot in the open cockpit designer = first flight = 14 February 1928 introduced = 1928 retired = status = primary user … Wikipedia
Short Sarafand — infobox Aircraft name = Sarafand type = flying boat manufacturer = Short Brothers caption = designer = first flight = 30 June 1932 introduced = retired = 1936 status = primary user = Royal Air Force Seaplane Experimental Station at Felixstowe… … Wikipedia
Singapore (homonymie) — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Singapore peut désigner : Singapore, le nom anglais de Singapour ; Singapore, un village d Afrique du Sud dans la province du Limpopo ;… … Wikipédia en Français
Singapore (disambiguation) — There several uses of the name Singapore* Singapore, the island state in south east Asia * Short Singapore, a series of British military flying boats … Wikipedia
Short Rangoon — Infobox Aircraft name = S.8 Rangoon type = military flying boat manufacturer = Short Brothers caption = designer = first flight = 24 September 1930 introduced = retired = status = primary user = Royal Air Force more users = French Navy… … Wikipedia
Singapore gay literature — refers to writing that deals with LGBT themes in a Singapore context. It covers literary works of fiction, such as novels, short stories, plays and poems. It also includes non fiction works, both scholarly and targeted at the general reader, such … Wikipedia
Short and Sweet — (Short Sweet, or sometimes Short+Sweet) is a short play competition originating in Sydney, Australia. Billed as the biggest little theatre competition in the world , over 200 new 10 minute plays are premiered each year as part of the competition… … Wikipedia
Short Brothers (Flugzeughersteller) — Short Brothers (auch Shorts) war ein britischer Flugzeughersteller, dessen Nachfolger gegenwärtig in Belfast angesiedelt ist. Shorts gilt als die erste Flugzeugfirma der Welt und war ein bedeutender Hersteller von Flugbooten während des Zweiten… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Singapore Girl — is a consistent visual advertising slogan applied to depictions of stewardesses [cite web url = http://www.a380.singaporeair.com/news pr 20060905.html title = Press Release: Singapore Airlines A380 Lands... accessdate = 2007 11 21 work = First to … Wikipedia