Raška (state)


Raška (state)

Infobox Former Country
native_name = Рашка
conventional_long_name = Raška
common_name = Raška/Rascia
continent = Europe
region = Balkans
country = Rascia
era = Medieval
year_start = 7th century
event_start = Arrival of Serbs
date_start =
year_end = 14th century
event_end = Acceded into Serbian Empire
date_end =
p1 = Byzantine Empire
flag_p1 = Flag of PalaeologusEmperor.svg
s1 = Serbian Empire
flag_s1 = Serbian Empire Flag.png









image_map_caption = Raška, 1150–1220, during the rules of Stefan Nemanja and Stefan Prvovenčani
capital = Stari Ras
government_type = Principality
common_languages = Serbian
religion = Eastern Orthodox

Raška (SrL|Рашка; alternative spellings have included "Raschka", "Rascia" and "Rassa") was the central and most successful medieval Serbian state (or "župa", area ruled by a "župan") that unified neighboring Serbian tribes into a main medieval Serbian state in the Balkans.

History

Constantine VII "Porphyrogenitos" describes Raška (Rascia) in "De Administrando Imperio" as being settled by Serbs at the start of the 7th century. Also in "De Administrando Imperio", he wrote that the Serbs resided in Zachumlie (Zahumlje), Trebounia (Travunia), the Zeta (Duklja), Bosnia (Bosna) and Pagania (Paganija).

From the early 7th century, the history of Raška becomes intimately bound with the history of the Serb House of Vlastimirović, which ruled from Raška. The house was named for Knez Vlastimir, who was the great-great-grandson of the Unknown Archont who led the Serbs to the Balkans from White Serbia.

The House of Vlastimirović was later succeeded by the House of Nemanjić and Stefan Dušan of the House of Nemanjić transformed Raška into powerful Serbian Empire in the 14th century.

Name origin theory

The state of Raška was named after the Raška River in present-day south-western Serbia. It is thought that Sarmatian Serboi, an ancient tribe from the Caucasus that probably gave its name to the Slavic Serbs, left their traces around the river Volga (Araxes in GreekFact|date=October 2007 ), which is also called "Rashki". This name is found wherever the name Serb is found in clusters.

Later usage of the term

Between 15th and 18th century, term "Raška" ("Rascia", "Ráczság") was used to designate southern parts of the Pannonian Plain that were inhabited by Serbs who migrated there from the territory of original Raška in the Balkans.

References

*Vladimir Ćorović, Ilustrovana istorija Srba, knjige 1-6, Beograd, 2005-2006.
*Sima M. Ćirković, Srbi među evropskim narodima, Beograd, 2004.
*Tim Džuda, Srbi, Beograd, 2003. (translation of: Tim Judah, The Serbs, 2000.)
*Milan Tutorov, Mala Raška a u Banatu, Zrenjanin, 1991.

ee also

* List of Serbian monarchs
* Stefan Nemanja
* Stefan Prvovenčani
* Raci

External links

* [http://www.rastko.org.yu/istorija/srbi-balkan/jkalic-raska.html Rascia - The Nucleus of the Medieval Serbian State]
* [http://www.serbia-visit.com/About-Serbia/History/History.1.135.htm About Serbia - History]
* [http://www.anamnesis.info/resources/1183_1241.gifMap]
* [http://terkepek.adatbank.transindex.ro/kepek/netre/99.gifMap]


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Raška — can refer to:* Raška (state), a medieval Serbian state * Raška (region), a geographical region in Serbia and Montenegro * Raška (town), a town and municipality in Serbia * Raška River, a river in Serbia * Raška District, a district in Serbia *… …   Wikipedia

  • Raška (region) — Raška (Рашка) is a region in south central Serbia. It is mostly situated in the Raška District. Southern part of Raška is also known as Sandžak.HistoryIn the Middle Ages, the region was centre of the Serbian state of Raška whose capital was the… …   Wikipedia

  • Raška District — Infobox Serbian district name serC = Рашки округ name serL = Raški okrug en name = Raška province or region = Central Serbia capital = Kraljevo commissioner = n/a municipalities = 5 settlements = 359 cities and towns = 9 villages = 350 area =… …   Wikipedia

  • Raska — Original name in latin Raka Name in other language Rashka, Rashke, Rashk Raska, Raka, la shen ka, rashka, Рашка State code RS Continent/City Europe/Belgrade longitude 43.28722 latitude 20.61528 altitude 414 Population 4 Date 2012 04 15 …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

  • List of state leaders in 1157 — 1156 state leaders Events of 1157 1158 state leaders State leaders by year Africa*Almohad Empire Abd al Mu min, Caliph (1145 1163)Asia*China (Jin Dynasty) Hailingwang, Emperor of Jin China (1149 1161) *China (Southern Song Dynasty) Gaozong,… …   Wikipedia

  • List of state leaders in 1156 — 1155 state leaders Events of 1156 1157 state leaders State leaders by year AfricaAsia*China (Jin Dynasty) Hailingwang, Emperor of Jin China (1149 1161) *China (Southern Song Dynasty) Gaozong, Emperor of Song China (1127 1162) *Japan **Monarch… …   Wikipedia

  • List of state leaders in 1155 — 1154 state leaders Events of 1155 1156 state leaders State leaders by year AfricaAsia*China (Jin Dynasty) Hailingwang, Emperor of Jin China (1149 1161) *China (Southern Song Dynasty) Gaozong, Emperor of Song China (1127 1162) *Japan **Monarch… …   Wikipedia

  • List of state leaders in 1154 — 1153 state leaders Events of 1154 1155 state leaders State leaders by year AfricaAsia*China (Jin Dynasty) Hailingwang, Emperor of Jin China (1149 1161) *China (Southern Song Dynasty) Gaozong, Emperor of Song China (1127 1162) *Japan **Monarch… …   Wikipedia

  • List of state leaders in 1153 — 1152 state leaders Events of 1153 1154 state leaders State leaders by year AfricaAsia*China (Jin Dynasty) Hailingwang, Emperor of Jin China (1149 1161) *China (Southern Song Dynasty) Gaozong, Emperor of Song China (1127 1162) *Japan **Monarch… …   Wikipedia

  • List of state leaders in 1152 — 1151 state leaders Events of 1152 1153 state leaders State leaders by year AfricaAsia*China (Jin Dynasty) Hailingwang, Emperor of Jin China (1149 1161) *China (Southern Song Dynasty) Gaozong, Emperor of Song China (1127 1162) *Japan **Monarch… …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.