- 1st Marine Aircraft Wing
Infobox Military Unit
unit_name=1st Marine Aircraft Wing
caption=1st MAW insignia
July 7, 1941- present
type= Marine Aircraft Wing
role= Conduct air operations in support of the
Fleet Marine Forces
III Marine Expeditionary Force
current_commander= BrigGen Raymond C. Fox
Marine Corps Air Station Futenma
nickname= 1st MAW
World War II
Battle of Guadalcanal
Philippines campaign (1944–45) Korean War Vietnam War
Louis E. Woods Roy Geiger Duane D. Thiessen George J. Trautman, III
The 1st Marine Aircraft Wing is an aviation unit of the
United States Marine Corpsand are headquartered at Marine Corps Air Station Futenmaon the island of Okinawa, Japan. The wing serves as the Aviation Combat Elementof the III Marine Expeditionary Force.
Conduct air operations in support of the
Fleet Marine Forces to include offensive air support, antiair warfare, assault support, aerial reconnaissance including active and passive electronic countermeasures (ECM), and control of aircraft and missiles. As a collateral function, the Wing may participate as an integral component of Naval Aviationin the execution of such other Navy functions as the Fleet Commander may direct.
List of United States Marine Corps aircraft squadrons".
1st MAW consists of 5 subordinate groups, a headquarters squadron and a liaison group:
Marine Aircraft Group 12(MAG-12)
Marine Aircraft Group 24(MAG-24)
Marine Aircraft Group 36(MAG-36)
Marine Air Control Group 18(MACG-18)
Marine Wing Support Group 17(MWSG-17)
Marine Wing Headquarters Squadron 1(MWHS-1)
Marine Wing Liaison Kadena(MWLK)
Due to a re-organization within Marine aviation, 1st MAW will be adding a light attack squadron in
2009. The new squadron is set to be named Marine Light Attack Helicopter Squadron 469 (HMLA-469) and its location is still to be determinedcite paper
author = LtGen John Castellaw
title = 2007 Marine Aviation Plan
publisher = Headquarters Marine Corps
url = http://hqinet001.hqmc.usmc.mil/AVN/Documents/Signed%20AvPlan.pdf
accessdate = 2007-11-18 ] .
Units of 1st MAW are located in the Pacific Region at the following bases:
Marine Corps Air Station Futenma
Marine Corps Air Station Iwakuni
Marine Corps Air Facility Kaneohe Bay.
In late 1940, Congress authorized a naval air fleet of fifteen thousand aircraft. The Marine Corps was allotted a percentage of these planes to be formed into 2 air wings with 32 operational squadrons. On the advice of Navy and Marine advisors returning from observing the war in Europe these numbers were doubled very soon after. It was under this expansion program that the 1st Marine Aircraft Wing was activated at
Marine Corps Base Quantico, Virginiaon July 7, 1941. The First Marine Aircraft Group which was the largest east coast aviation unit in the Marines at the time, became its first component [DeChant] . Although a new wing, it is considered an unofficial descendant of the "Northern Bombing Group" of World War I[Rottman "USMC WWII OOB", p. 430.] .
attacks on Pearl Harbor, the wing transferred to Naval Air Station San Diego, Californiaon December 10, 1941and then to Camp Kearnyon December 31. The first deployment for 1st MAW came in August of 1942when forward elements of the Wing arrived on Guadalcanaland made up the Cactus Air Forcesupporting the 1st Marine Division during the Battle of Guadalcanal[Sherrod "History of Marine Corps Aviation", p. 438.] . .
At the beginning of the
Korean War, the initial deployment of Marines was a provisional brigade activated on July 7, 1950— the 1st Provisional Marine Brigade— formed from the 1st Marine Division and the 1st Marine Aircraft Wing. Its core consisted of two units — a regimental combat team from the 5th Marine Regiment and Marine Aircraft Group 33(MAG-33). Their job was to provide close air support, resupply, and Medevacfor Marine ground forces.
In late-June 1952, 75 aircraft from 1st MAW participated in the
attack on the Sui-ho Damwhich were stikes aimed at the hydroelectric plants in North Korea. [cite web
last =Field Jr.
first = James A.
title = Part 2. March 1952—February 1953: Stalemate
work = History of United States Naval Operations: Korea
publisher = Department of the Navy - Naval Historical Center
date = 2000-06-21
url = http://www.history.navy.mil/books/field/ch12b.htm
accessdate = 2007-12-19]
Two 1st MAW aircraft groups, MAG-33 and
MAG-12, and the 1st Antiaircraft Artillery Gun Battalion served during the course of the war. The wing flew 127,496 sorties and evacuating more than 9,800 wounded personnel [Mersky "USMC Aviation", p. 191.]
From April 1962, when HMM-362 flew into the
Mekong Deltato set up operations at the Soc Trangairfield in, through April 1975, when helicopters of HMM-164evacuated the last Americans from the U.S. embassy in Saigon. While early missions involved Marine helicopters providing logistical support for South Vietnam, this role quickly expanded when 1st MAW pilots and crewmen were called upon to perform their traditional role of providing close air supportfor Marine combat units as American involvement in the war escalated.
Helicopters played an extensive role in air operations in Vietnam, as Marine pilots flew CH-34s and later CH-46s and CH-53s to transport Marines into landing zones near suspected enemy concentrations, and to evacuate the wounded following combat engagements. Helicopters, supplemented by
C-130transports where there were landing strips, were also used to re-supply Marines in the field at remote outposts. Other Marine pilots, flew UH-1E Hueys, and AH-1 Cobras. Many of these choppers provided reconnaissance and armed air cover for combat air operations.
The build up of American troops resulted in the deployment of the Marine Corps' attack and fighter aircraft including the
Douglas A-4, and the McDonnell F4B, as well as the maintenance, ordnance, and other support personnel necessary.
Gulf War and the 1990s
Global War on Terror
Current aircraft in use
Fixed wing aircraft
* AV-8B Harrier II
* KC-130 Hercules
Rotary wing aircraft
List of United States Marine Corps aircraft wings
United States Marine Corps Aviation
last = De Chant
first = John A.
title = Devilbirds
publisher = Harper and Brothers Publishers
location = New York
last = Mersky
first = Peter B.
year = 1983
title = U.S. Marine Corps Aviation - 1912 to the Present
publisher = Nautical and Aviation Publishing Company of America
id = ISBN 0-933852-39-8
title=U.S. Marine Corps World War II Order of Battle - Ground and Air Units in the Pacific War, 1939 - 1945.’’
author=Rottman, Gordon L.
last = Sherrod
first = Robert
year = 1952
title = History of Marine Corps Aviation in World War II
publisher = Combat Forces Press
location = Washington, D.C.
last = Simmons
first = Edwin H.
title = The United States Marines: A History, Fourth Edition
publisher = Naval Institute Press
location = Annapolis, Maryland
id = ISBN 1-59114-790-5
* [http://www.1maw.usmc.mil/history.asp?unit='1st%20MAW' 1MAW official history]
* [http://firstmaw.homestead.com/page4.html First Marine Aircraft Wing Association - Vietnam Service] , association of 1st MAW veterans who served in Vietnam
* [http://www.korean-war.com/USMarines/us-marines.html "United States Marine Forces"] , in "Korean War Order of Battle", Brown Mouse Publishing. URL accessed
December 27, 2005.
* [http://www.1maw.usmc.mil/ 1st MAW's official website]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.
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